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See also:
U+50B7, 傷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-50B7

[U+50B6]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+50B8]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 9 +11, 13 strokes, cangjie input 人人日竹 (OOAH), four-corner 28227, composition𬀷)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 115, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1029
  • Dae Jaweon: page 244, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 211, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+50B7

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character



References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋs, *hljaŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋʔ, *l'aːŋ, *l'aːŋs
*l̥ʰaːŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋ, *l̥ʰaːŋs, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋs, *l'aːŋʔ
*l̥ʰaːŋs
*l'aːŋ
*l'aːŋ, *l'aːŋs
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ
*l'aːŋʔ, *laŋ
*l'aːŋs
*l̥ʰaŋs
*l̥ʰaŋs
*l'aŋ
*l'aŋ
*hljaŋ, *hljaŋs
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ
*hljaŋ, *hljaŋs
*hljaŋ, *laŋ
*hljaŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ
*laŋ, *laŋs
*laŋ, *rlaːŋʔ
*laŋ
*ljaːŋ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljaŋ, *hljaŋs): semantic  + phonetic 𥏻.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • siong/siang - literary;
  • siuⁿ/sioⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (26) (26)
Final () (105) (105)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨɐŋ/ /ɕɨɐŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiɐŋ/ /ɕiɐŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiɑŋ/ /ɕiɑŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨaŋ/ /ɕɨaŋH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaŋ/ /ɕiaŋH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaŋ/ /ɕĭaŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aŋ/ /ɕi̯aŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shāng shàng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shāng
Middle
Chinese
‹ syang ›
Old
Chinese
/*l̥aŋ/
English wound

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 14581 14588
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaŋ/ /*hljaŋs/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. wound; injury
  2. to injure; to hurt
  3. to fall ill from
  4. distressed; sorrowful
  5. (Min Nan) too; excessively
  6. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

  • (too):
Dialectal synonyms of (“too; excessively”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou 得滯
Hong Kong 得滯
Taishan 得滯
Yangjiang 得滯
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
きず
Grade: 6
kun’yomi
  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana きず, rōmaji kizu)

  1. injury; cut; scar
    • 2012 February 3, “さけれい [Shriekgeist]”, in 闇の隆盛 [Dark Ascension] (in Japanese), Wizards of the Coast:
       (にく) (たい) (きず) () (やす) ()える。 (せい) (しん) (きず) () (かえ)しがつかない。
      Nikutai no kizu wa tayasuku ieru. Seishin no kizu wa torikaeshi ga tsukanai.
      Wounds of the flesh are easy to heal. Wounds of the mind may never be undone.
  2. chip; scratch; blemish; stain

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thương)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.