EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin tonus (a sound, tone). See tone.

NounEdit

tonus (countable and uncountable, plural tonuses)

  1. (biology) tonicity; tone
    muscular tonus
    • 1956, Personal character and cultural milieu: a collection of readings
      Dr. H. S. Sullivan, for example, is known to many for his acute understanding of the postural tonuses of his patients.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.
(See the entry for tonus in
Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913.)

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowed from Latin tonus. Doublet of ton, an earlier borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /tɔ.nys/
  • (file)

NounEdit

tonus m (plural tonus)

  1. muscle tone, tonicity, tonus
  2. (by extension) energy, strength

Related termsEdit

Further readingEdit


LatinEdit

 
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EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek τόνος (tónos, tone), from Proto-Hellenic *tónos, from Proto-Indo-European *tón-os, from *ten- (stretch).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

tonus m (genitive tonī); second declension

  1. The stretching or straining of a rope.
  2. (by extension) A strain; tension.
  3. (figuratively) The pitch, sound or tone of something.
  4. (figuratively) A crack of thunder.

DeclensionEdit

Second-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative tonus tonī
Genitive tonī tonōrum
Dative tonō tonīs
Accusative tonum tonōs
Ablative tonō tonīs
Vocative tone tonī

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Asturian: truenu; tonu
  • Catalan: tro; to
  • Dalmatian: tun
  • Dutch: toon
  • Old French: ton
    • Middle English: tone
  • French: ton
    • English: ton
  • French: tonus
  • Friulian: ton, tron
  • Galician: trono; ton
  • Italian: tuono; tono

ReferencesEdit

  • tonus in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • tonus in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition with additions by D. P. Carpenterius, Adelungius and others, edited by Léopold Favre, 1883–1887)
  • tonus in Gaffiot, Félix (1934) Dictionnaire illustré Latin-Français, Hachette

RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French tonus.

NounEdit

tonus n (plural tonusuri)

  1. muscle tone
  2. tonus

DeclensionEdit