Faroese

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Pronunciation

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Etymology 1

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From Old Norse vár.

Noun

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vár n (genitive singular várs, plural vár)

  1. spring (season)
Declension
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Declension of vár
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative vár várið vár várini
accusative vár várið vár várini
dative vári várinum várum várunum
genitive várs vársins vára váranna

See also

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Etymology 2

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From Old Norse vár.

Determiner

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vár

  1. (archaic) our

Hungarian

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Pronunciation

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  • IPA(key): [ˈvaːr]
  • Audio:(file)
  • Rhymes: -aːr

Etymology 1

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From an Iranian language, compare Avestan 𐬬𐬁𐬭𐬀 (vāra, entrenchment), Middle Persian wl (war, castle), from *warš- (height) from Proto-Indo-European *wers- (peak).

Noun

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vár (plural várak)

  1. castle, fortress
    Synonyms: erődítmény, kastély
  2. citadel (inside a city)
    Synonyms: citadella, fellegvár
Declension
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Inflection (stem in -a-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative vár várak
accusative várat várakat
dative várnak váraknak
instrumental várral várakkal
causal-final várért várakért
translative várrá várakká
terminative várig várakig
essive-formal várként várakként
essive-modal
inessive várban várakban
superessive váron várakon
adessive várnál váraknál
illative várba várakba
sublative várra várakra
allative várhoz várakhoz
elative várból várakból
delative várról várakról
ablative vártól váraktól
non-attributive
possessive - singular
váré váraké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
váréi várakéi
Possessive forms of vár
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. váram váraim
2nd person sing. várad váraid
3rd person sing. vára várai
1st person plural várunk váraink
2nd person plural váratok váraitok
3rd person plural váruk váraik
Derived terms
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Compound words with this term at the beginning
Compound words with this term at the end
Geographical proper names

Etymology 2

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From Proto-Ugric *warɜ- (to guard, wait).[1][2] Compare Northern Mansi ӯруӈкве (ūruňkwe, to wait, to guard).

Verb

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vár

  1. (intransitive) to wait for someone or something (with -ra/-re)
    Kire vársz?Who are you waiting for?
  2. (transitive) to expect someone or something
    Ne várj kedves kiszolgálást, ha soha nem adsz borravalót.Don’t expect nice service if you never give any tip.
    A húgom gyereket vár.My younger sister is expecting a baby.
Conjugation
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The verbal noun várás is usually only used in some compounds, instead, várakozás is applied.

Derived terms
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(With verbal prefixes):

Expressions

References

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  1. ^ Entry #1869 in Uralonet, online Uralic etymological database of the Hungarian Research Centre for Linguistics.
  2. ^ vár in Zaicz, Gábor (ed.). Etimológiai szótár: Magyar szavak és toldalékok eredete (‘Dictionary of Etymology: The origin of Hungarian words and affixes’). Budapest: Tinta Könyvkiadó, 2006, →ISBN.  (See also its 2nd edition.)

Further reading

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  • (to wait): vár in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN
  • (castle): vár in Bárczi, Géza and László Országh. A magyar nyelv értelmező szótára (‘The Explanatory Dictionary of the Hungarian Language’, abbr.: ÉrtSz.). Budapest: Akadémiai Kiadó, 1959–1962. Fifth ed., 1992: →ISBN

Old Norse

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Etymology

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From Proto-Germanic *wazrą, from Proto-Indo-European *wósr̥ (compare Latin ver, Lithuanian vãsara, vasarà, Persian بهار (bahâr), Sanskrit वसर् (vasar, morning), Old Armenian գարուն (garun), Old Church Slavonic весна (vesna)). Compare also Old Frisian wars, wers (spring).

Noun

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vár n (genitive várs, plural vár)

  1. spring (season)

Declension

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Descendants

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  • Icelandic: vor
  • Faroese: vár
  • Norn: vår
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: vår
  • Old Swedish: var
  • Old Danish: war, wor