Vietnamese

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Pronunciation

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Adjective

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vầy ()

  1. such, like this
    Synonym: như vậy
    Chưa bao giờ ăn món gì ngon vầy!
    I have never had anything as delicious as this!

See also

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Vietnamese demonstratives
Laurence Thompson (1965), Vietnamese Grammar
Unspecified Close to the
speaker or
newly introduced
Remote,
already identified
PLACE
đ- (first register)
đâu
‘wherever’
đây
‘here’
đấy
‘there’
REFERENCE
n- (second register)
nào
‘whichever’
này
‘this’
nọ
‘that’
PROPORTION
b- (first register)
bao
‘to whatever extent’
bây
‘to this extent’
bấy
‘to that extent’
MANNER
s- (first register)
v- (second register)
sao
‘however’
vầy
‘this way’
vậy
‘that way’
Nguyễn Phú Phong (1992), “Vietnamese Demonstratives Revisited”
D
(Indefinite)
D1
(Proximal)
D2
(Medial)
D3
(Distal)
+NOM(inal) đâu
place-what
đây
place-this
đấy
place-that1
±NOM(inal) đó
(place-)that1
kia
(place-)that2
–NOM(inal) nào
what
nầy
this
nấy/ấy
that1
nọ
that2
Vietnamese demonstratives (alternative version)
Proximal
(*-iː)
Distal 1
(*-iːʔ)
Distal 2
(*-əːʔ)
Distal 3/
Remote
(*-ɔːʔ)
Interrogative
(rime was a rounded
back vowel)
Place, attributive1
n-
ni

này
nấy nớ nọ nào
Place, nominal2
đ-
đây đí
đấy
đó đâu
Manner
r-
ri
rày
rứa ru
sao3
Extent 14
b-
bây bấy bao
Extent 25
v-
vầy vậy
1 Originally can only follow a nominal (being used attributively), hence nơi này (this place; here), nơi nào (where) (no longer completely true in the modern language).
2 Can be used on its own/is itself nominal, hence đây (here), đâu (where).
3 From earlier *C-raːw (where *C is nonspecific consonant).
4 Placed before the head: bây nhiêu (this much), bấy nhiêu (that much), bao nhiêu (how much).
5 Placed after the head: nhanh vầy (this fast), nhanh vậy (that fast/so fast).