VietnameseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Mon-Khmer *tɔʔ (that, there). Cognate with Khmer ដ៏ (dɑɑ) and Bahnar to.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

đó (𪦆, 𪥾)

  1. that place over there
    Synonym: đấy
    Đứng đó làm gì ?
    Whatcha doin' over there?
  2. that person/thing over there
    Đây là phòng khách. Đó là phòng ngủ.
    This is the living room. That is the bedroom.
  3. that idea/notion I/we've just described/discussed
    Gặp lại nhau bất kể trở ngại, bất kể thử thách. Đó là duyên số.
    People keep seeing each other again despite all the obstacles, all the challenges. That's what I call fate.

Usage notesEdit

  • In the Northern dialects, đấy is usually preferred.
  • The demonstrative pronoun đó ("there, that") denotes a place, person or thing far from the speaker, but close to whom the speaker is talking to. When denoting a place, đó refers to either a location or a movement to the location.
Tụi nó đang tập bóng chuyềnđó đó.They are practicing volleyball there. (location)
Ban đêm đừng có mà léng phéng vô đó. Nguy hiểm lắm nghe chưa.Do not go there at night. It is very unsafe. (movement to the location)
  • The destination for đi in the "đi + preposition + destination" construction can be expressed by đó ("there") and is treated as a noun.
Đó là thằng bạn tui.That is my friend.
  • Indefinite pronouns and adverbs are formed by placing a question word before the demonstrative đó: ai đó ("someone"), cái gì đó ("something"), ở đâu đó ("somewhere"), khi nào đó ("sometime"), nơi nào đó ("somewhere, someplace, in some place"), người nào đó ("someone").
  • Đó and đâu are also adverbs of place and can be semantically paired to form a similarity clause.
Mày đi đâu thì tao đi theo tới đó.Wherever you go, I will follow you.
  • Đó is used after a preposition to refer to an action or event that has just been mentioned.
Tôi học cao học về Việt Nam học. Trước đóbậc đại học tôi chuyên về Đông Nam Á học.
I did my master's degree in Vietnamese studies, and before that as an undergraduate I majored in Southeast Asian studies.
  • As a demonstrative adjective, đó or ấy are used after a noun to indicate which person, thing or idea is being shown, pointed to or mentioned. It is equivalent to English "that, those".
Thằng đó ngáo lắm, đừng có mà rờ vô.That guy is off his rocker, just stay away from him.

See alsoEdit

Vietnamese demonstratives
Laurence Thompson (1965), Vietnamese Grammar
Unspecified Close to the
speaker or
newly introduced
Remote,
already identified
PLACE
đ- (first register)
đâu
‘wherever’
đây
‘here’
đấy
‘there’
REFERENCE
n- (second register)
nào
‘whichever’
này
‘this’
nọ
‘that’
PROPORTION
b- (first register)
bao
‘to whatever extent’
bây
‘to this extent’
bấy
‘to that extent’
MANNER
s- (first register)
v- (second register)
sao
‘however’
vầy
‘this way’
vậy
‘that way’
Nguyễn Phú Phong (1992), “Vietnamese Demonstratives Revisited”
D
(Indefinite)
D1
(Proximal)
D2
(Medial)
D3
(Distal)
+NOM(inal) đâu
place-what
đây
place-this
đấy
place-that1
±NOM(inal) đó
(place-)that1
kia
(place-)that2
–NOM(inal) nào
what
nầy
this
nấy/ấy
that1
nọ
that2

ParticleEdit

đó

  1. (Southern Vietnam) emphasizes a quality that the listener may not have known; you see?; I'm telling you
    Tao mới coi tối qua. Hơi bị hay đó ! Bữa nào mày cũng dành thời gian coi đi !
    I finally saw it yesterday. Really good, I must say. You should go see it when you have the chance.
    Em mới đến nên không biết, thằng này khùng lắm đó !
    You've just moved here so you might not have known, but he's pretty screwed up in the head.

Etymology 2Edit

From Proto-Vietic *tɔːʔ (trap). Cognate with Toum tɔː³. Compare Lower Ta'oih tɔː ("to trap, to strain"), Kuy [Salavan] tɔː ("to trap birds, fish, etc.").

NounEdit

(classifier cái) đó

  1. (fishing) a kind of fish trap

See alsoEdit