TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
凹-bw.png
Japanese stroke order
凹-jbw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 17 +3, 5 strokes, cangjie input 尸尸山 (SSU), four-corner 77770)

  1. concave, hollow, depressed
  2. a pass, valley

AntonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 135, character 10
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 1810
  • Dae Jaweon: page 301, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 308, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+51F9

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Yale aau3, nap1 wa1)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

  • Goon: (rare) よう (yō), (rare, historical) えふ (efu)
  • Kan’on: おう (ō), (historical) あふ (afu)
  • Kun: くぼ (kubo), くぼ.い (凹い, kubo.i), くぼ.か (凹か, kubo.ka), くぼ.む (凹む, kubo.mu), くぼ.み (凹み, kubo.mi), くぼみ (kubomi), くぼ.める (凹める, kubo.meru), くぼ.まる (凹まる, kubo.maru), くぼ.ます (凹ます, kubo.masu), くぼ.ませる (凹ませる, kubo.maseru), くぼ.やか (凹やか, kubo.yaka), なかくぼ (nakakubo), へこ.む (凹む, heko.mu), へこ.み (凹み, heko.mi), へこみ (hekomi), ぼこ (boko)

Etymology 1Edit

Sinitic. Date of borrowing unknown. Compare modern Mandarin (āo, wā).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(hiragana おう, historical hiragana あふ, romaji ō)

  1. concave
Usage notesEdit

The character with the reading ō is only used in compounds, and never in isolation.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Unknown. Sound similarities might suggest a connection to words related to darkness or deep interior, such as (kumo, cloud), 蜘蛛 (kumo, spider), (kuma, a recess, a deep interior corner), (kuro, black), (kura, darkness); more at . Alternately, these broad similarities might be pure coincidence.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana くぼ, romaji kubo)

  1. an area with sides higher than the center: an indentation, a depression, a dip, a divot, a hole
  2. (slang) female genitalia, the vagina
Derived termsEdit
SynonymsEdit
  • (indentation): 窪み, , 凹み, (くぼみ, ​kubomi) (see below)
  • (female genitalia): 前門 (ぜんもん, ​zenmon), まんこ (​manko)

Etymology 3Edit

Noun stem of verb 凹む (kubomu, to become hollow, to become sunken, to become indented), itself a compound of (kubo, an indentation, a dip) +‎ (mu, to become like something, auxiliary verb attaching to nouns or adjective stems, cognate with びる biru).[2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • 窪み, , 凹み

NounEdit

(hiragana くぼみ, romaji kubomi)

  1. a pit, a hollow, a cavity, a depression, a dent
Derived termsEdit
Usage notesEdit

The 凹み or 窪み spelling with the okurigana is more common when used as a standalone term. The spelling without the okurigana is more common in compounds.

Etymology 4Edit

Compound of (naka, inside, inner) +‎ (kubo, pit, indentation).[2][3][4]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • 中窪

NounEdit

(hiragana なかくぼ, romaji nakakubo)

  1. a sunken center
  2. a place or object with a sunken center
Usage notesEdit

The 中窪 spelling is more common.

SynonymsEdit
  • 中低 (なかびく, ​nakabiku)

Etymology 5Edit

Noun stem of verb 凹む (hekomu, to become hollow, to become sunken, to become indented), itself an abbreviated compound of 減り (heri, noun stem of verb 減る heru, “to reduce, to decrease, to diminish”) +‎ 込む (komu, to go inwardly).[2]

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • 凹み

NounEdit

(hiragana へこみ, romaji hekomi)

  1. a pit, a hollow, a cavity, a depression, a dent
  2. a mistake, and error
  3. a moment of weakness or confusion, being at a loss
Usage notesEdit

The 凹み spelling is more common.

SynonymsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Uncertain. Possibly onomatopoeic from the sound of a wheel bouncing in a rut or pothole, or from the sound of something hollow when tapped. Compare adverb ぼこぼこ (bokoboko, full of holes; hollowly).

Alternately, may be compound of (bo, empty?, uncertain; possibly related to verb 掘る horu, “to dig, to dig out”) +‎ (ko, place, suffixing element seen in other words such as そこ soko, “there” or 端っこ hashikko, “edge, end, tip”). Compare (deko, protrusion), likely a compound of (de, coming out) + (ko, place, suffixing element).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ぼこ, romaji boko)

  1. an indentation, a dip or divot, a hollow, a dent in a surface
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  4. ^ 1995, 大辞泉 (Daijisen) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, ISBN 4-09-501211-0

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(yo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: yo, McCune-Reischauer: yo)
  • Name (hangeul): 오목할()

MandarinEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin āo (ao1), Wade-Giles ao1)

AdjectiveEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin āo)

  1. (Advanced Mandarin) concave; hollow

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ao)

Last modified on 9 April 2014, at 05:29