Last modified on 2 May 2015, at 06:49

See also:

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
頭-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 181 +7, 16 strokes, cangjie input 一廿一月金 (MTMBC), four-corner 11186, composition)

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1404, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 43490
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1921, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4372, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+982D

ChineseEdit

-
trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (頭), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 度侯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/dəu/ /dʱə̯u/ /du/ /dəu/ /dəw/ /dəu/ /dəu/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tóu ‹ duw › /*[m-t]ˤo/ head

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2465 0 /*doː/

CounterEdit

  1. Measure word for livestock
    [MSC, trad.]
    [MSC, simp.]
    Wǒ yǒu liǎng tóu zhū. [Pinyin]
    I have two pigs.

NounEdit

(classifier )

  1. head
    不再 [MSC, trad.]
    不再 [MSC, simp.]
    tóu bùzài tòng le. [Pinyin]
    My head doesn't hurt any more.
  2. hair
  3. top, tip, end
  4. chief, boss
  5. remnant, end

AdjectiveEdit

  1. first, leading

SuffixEdit

  1. suffix for noun
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-12.

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
あたま
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana あたま, romaji atama)

  1. (anatomy) the forehead or fontanelle part of the skull
  2. head (body part)
     (あたま) (いた)い。
    Atama ga itai.
    My head hurts.
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia ja

Kanji in this term
かしら
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana かしら, romaji kashira)

  1. the head as a whole
  2. boss, leader
  3. top part of a Chinese character
  4. head of a doll
Alternative formsEdit
  • (head of a doll):

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
かぶり
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

NounEdit

(hiragana かぶり, romaji kaburi)

  1. head
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term
かぶ
Grade: 2
Irregular

Cognate with (kabu, stump).

NounEdit

(hiragana かぶ, romaji kabu)

  1. (obsolete) head
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Kanji in this term
つぶり
Grade: 2
Irregular

Probably a compound of (tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + (ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

(hiragana つぶり, romaji tsuburi)

  1. head

Etymology 6Edit

Kanji in this term
つむり
Grade: 2
Irregular

From tsuburi above. Bilabial plosive /b/ becomes bilabial nasal /m/.

NounEdit

(hiragana つむり, romaji tsumuri)

  1. head
  2. hair of head

Etymology 7Edit

Kanji in this term
つむ
Grade: 2
Irregular

Shortened from tsumuri: see above.

NounEdit

(hiragana つむ, romaji tsumu)

  1. head
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 8Edit

Kanji in this term
こうべ
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

kamipe > kampe > kaube > koːbe. Compound of either (kami, upper) or (kami, hair) with the suffix (pe, location).

NounEdit

(hiragana こうべ, romaji kōbe, historical hiragana かうべ)

  1. head
Alternative formsEdit
  • {{ja-l|首]]

Etymology 9Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 2
on'yomi

/du//d͡zu//zu/

From Middle Chinese (duw, head).

NounEdit

(hiragana , romaji zu, historical hiragana )

  1. head
IdiomsEdit

Etymology 10Edit

Kanji in this term
とう
Grade: 2
on'yomi

CounterEdit

(hiragana とう, romaji -tō)

  1. heads of large animals (cows, horses)
     ()わせて1300 (せんさんびゃく) (とう) (あま)りが出荷 (しゅっか)され、全国各地 (ぜんこくかくち)流通 (りゅうつう)した
    awasete sen sanbyaku amari ga shukka sare, zenkoku kakuchi ni ryūtsū shita.
    Altogether over 1300 heads of cattle have been distributed throughout the country.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(du) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer tu, Yale twu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Northern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu)


EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (tsuburi), dialectal (tsuburo), itself probably a compound of (tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + (ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

(hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu)

  1. head

Oki-No-ErabuEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (tsuburi), dialectal (tsuburo), itself probably a compound of (tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + (ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

  1. head
  2. an intelligent person

OkinawanEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (tsuburi), dialectal (tsuburo), itself probably a compound of (tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + (ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

  1. head
  2. an intelligent person

CompoundsEdit


Southern Amami-OshimaEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (tsuburi), dialectal (tsuburo), itself probably a compound of (tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + (ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

(hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu)

  1. head

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(đầu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

YaeyamaEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana つぶり, romaji tsuburi, hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu, hiragana つぃぶるぃ, romaji tsiburi)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (tsuburi), dialectal (tsuburo), itself probably a compound of (tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + (ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

(hiragana つぶり, romaji tsuburi, hiragana つぃぶる, romaji tsiburu, hiragana つぃぶるぃ, romaji tsiburi)

  1. head

YoronEdit

KanjiEdit

(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

EtymologyEdit

Cognate with mainland Japanese (tsuburi), dialectal (tsuburo), itself probably a compound of (tsubu, round thing, such as a grain) + (ro, suffix indicating a state or condition).

NounEdit

(hiragana ちぶる, romaji chiburu)

  1. head
  2. an intelligent person