Last modified on 26 September 2014, at 23:58

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (scythe) + phonetic  – in early sense, a battle-axe, a kind of cutting weapon.

Han characterEdit

(radical 62 +7, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈竹卜一火 (IHYMF), four-corner 53200, composition)

  1. relative
  2. be related to
  3. sad

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 412, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11594
  • Dae Jaweon: page 755, character 26
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1406, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+621A

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (戚), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 錫
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 倉歷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰek̚/ /t͡sʰiek̚/ /t͡sʰek̚/ /t͡sʰek̚/ /t͡sʰɛjk̚/ /t͡sʰiek̚/ /t͡sʰɛk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ tshek › /*s.tʰˁiwk/ (in 'toad')
‹ tshek › /*s.tʰˁiwk/ relatives
‹ tshek › /*s.tʰˁiwk/ kind of battle axe
‹ tshek › /*s.tʰˁiwk/ worried; sad; depressed
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11729 2 /*sʰlɯːwɢ/

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(cheok) (hangeul , revised cheok, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏk, Yale chek)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thích)

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