TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
首-bw.png
Stroke order
首-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from 𩠐 ( → ). Originally Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  + 𦣻.

首 首 首 首
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 185 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿竹月山 (THBU), four-corner 80601)

  1. head
  2. first
  3. leader, chief
  4. a poem

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1427, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1953, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4500, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9996

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping sau2, Yale sau2)


HakkaEdit

HanziEdit

(POJ shíu, Guangdong shu3, shiu3 [Meixian], s'iu3 [Hailu, Kwangtung], sii3 [Siyan], su3, siu3 [Bao'an], Hagfa Pinyim su3)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

  • 機首 (kishu)
  • 手首 (tekubi)
  • 足首 (ashikubi)
  • 花首 (hanakubi)
  • 首っ引き (kubippiki)
  • 猪首 (ikubi)

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana くび, romaji kubi)

  1. neck (part of the body connecting head and torso)
  2. the neck and head as a whole
CompoundsEdit
  • kubiwa

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana おびと, romaji obito)

  1. (archaic) one who rules or commands a group of people; a chief

Etymology 3Edit

kamipe > kampe > kaube > koːbe. Compound of either kami (upper) or kami (hair) with the suffix pe (location).

NounEdit

(hiragana こうべ, historical hiragana かうべ, romaji kōbe)

  1. (part of the body) head

Etymology 4Edit

CounterEdit

(hiragana しゅ, romaji -shu)

  1. poems and songs

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul): 머리 (revised: meori, McCune-Reischauer: mŏri)

MandarinEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin qiú (qiu2), shǒu (shou3), Wade-Giles ch'iu2, shou3)


Min NanEdit

HanziEdit

(TLPA siú (siu2))

ReferencesEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thủ, thú)

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 17:58