Last modified on 21 November 2014, at 08:09

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
首-bw.png
Stroke order
首-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Simplified from 𩠐 (). Originally Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  + 𦣻.

首 首 首 首
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han characterEdit

(radical 185 +0, 9 strokes, cangjie input 廿竹月山 (THBU), four-corner 80601)

  1. head
  2. first
  3. leader, chief
  4. a poem

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1427, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 44489
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1953, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4500, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9996

ChineseEdit

simpl. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (首), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 書九切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨuX/ /ɕi̯ə̯uX/ /ɕiuX/ /ɕiuX/ /ɕuwX/ /ɕĭəuX/ /ɕiəuX/
Character (首), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 尤
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 舒救切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕɨuH/ /ɕi̯ə̯uH/ /ɕiuH/ /ɕiuH/ /ɕuwH/ /ɕĭəuH/ /ɕiəuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǒu ‹ syuwX › /*l̥ uʔ/ head
shǒu ‹ syuwH › /*l̥ uʔ-s/ turn the head towards

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11671 1 /*hljuʔ/
11672 1 /*hljus/

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. neck
  2. counter for songs and poems
  3. first

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana くび, romaji kubi)

  1. neck (part of the body connecting head and torso)
  2. the neck and head as a whole
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana おびと, romaji obito)

  1. (archaic) one who rules or commands a group of people; a chief

Etymology 3Edit

kamipe > kampe > kaube > koːbe. Compound of either kami (upper) or kami (hair) with the suffix pe (location).

NounEdit

(hiragana こうべ, romaji kōbe, historical hiragana かうべ)

  1. (part of the body) head

Etymology 4Edit

CounterEdit

(hiragana しゅ, romaji -shu)

  1. poems and songs

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(su)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: su, McCune-Reischauer: su, Yale: swu)
  • Name (hangeul): 머리 (revised: meori, McCune-Reischauer: mŏri)
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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thủ, thú)

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