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Ancient GreekEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *polh₁ús (much, many), o-grade derivative of the root *pleh₁- (to fill). Cognates include Latin plūs (more), Sanskrit पुरु (puru, much, many, abundant), Old Irish oll (great, vast), Old English feolo (much, many) and Old Armenian յոլով (yolov).

PronunciationEdit

 

AdjectiveEdit

πολῠ́ς (polúsm (feminine πολλή, neuter πολῠ́); first/second declension

  1. (of number, in the plural) many, a lot of
    1. (with nouns of multitude) large, great
    2. (of amount, with mass nouns) a lot of, much
    3. (rare, of a person) great, mighty
    4. (of sound) loud
    5. (attributively, adverbial) strongly, fully
    6. (of space) wide, large
    7. (of distance) far
    8. (of time) long; late
      πολὺν χρόνον
      polùn khrónon
      for a long time
  2. neuter πολύ (polú) or πολλά (pollá) as substantive
    1. much, a lot
      1. πολλοῦ ἄξιος (polloû áxios), πολλῶν ἄξιος (pollôn áxios): worth a lot, valuable
      2. περὶ πολλοῦ ποιέομαι (perì polloû poiéomai): to think something worth a great deal, value it greatly, be glad
        • 445 BCE – 380 BCE, Lysias, On the Murder of Eratosthenes 1:
          περὶ πολλοῦ ἂν ποιησαίμην, ὦ ἄνδρες, τὸ τοιούτους ὑμᾶς ἐμοὶ [] γενέσθαι
          perì polloû àn poiēsaímēn, ô ándres, tò toioútous humâs emoì [] genésthai
          I would be glad, gentlemen, to have you be this way []
    2. (of distance) A great distance, far

Usage notesEdit

Unlike in English, when πολύς (polús) is combined with another adjective, it is usually joined to the adjective with καί (kaí): πολλὰ καὶ κακά (pollà kaì kaká, many bad things, literally many and bad things).

The declension of πολύς (polús) is formed from two stems, πολ- (pol-) and πολλ- (poll-) < πολϝ- (polw-).

InflectionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


GreekEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Ancient Greek πολύς (polús, many)

AdjectiveEdit

πολύς (polýsm (feminine πολλή, neuter πολύ)

  1. much, many, a lot of
    Αγόρασα πολύ λάδι.Agórasa polý ládi.I bought a lot of oil.
  2. too much
    Έβαλες πολλή ζάχαρη στον καφέ.Évales pollí záchari ston kafé.You put too much sugar in the coffee.

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit