See also:
U+501A, 倚
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-501A

[U+5019]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+501B]

Translingual

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Han character

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(Kangxi radical 9, +8, 10 strokes, cangjie input 人大一口 (OKMR), four-corner 24221, composition )

Derived characters

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References

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  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 108, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 776
  • Dae Jaweon: page 230, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 173, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+501A

Chinese

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simp. and trad.

Glyph origin

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Historical forms of the character


References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).

Pronunciation

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Note:
  • óa - vernacular;
  • í - literary.

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Initial () (34) (34)
    Final () (13) (13)
    Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open Open
    Division () III III
    Fanqie
    Baxter 'jeX 'jeH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʔˠiᴇX/ /ʔˠiᴇH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʔᵚiɛX/ /ʔᵚiɛH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ʔiɛX/ /ʔiɛH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʔjiə̆X/ /ʔjiə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ʔjeX/ /ʔjeH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ǐeX/ /ǐeH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ʔie̯X/ /ʔie̯H/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ji2 ji3
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ ʔjeX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*Cə.q(r)ajʔ/
    English lean on

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    No. 10018 10022
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1 1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*qralʔ/ /*qrals/

    Definitions

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    1. to lean on; to lean against
    2. to rely on; to depend on; to lean on
    3. to be partial toward; to lean toward

    Compounds

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    Japanese

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    Kanji

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    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

    1. to lean on; to lean against
      Synonym:
    2. to rely on; to depend on
    3. Alternative form of : chair
    4. Alternative form of , (, ): lame, crippled; unbalanced

    Readings

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    From Middle Chinese (MC 'jeX); compare Mandarin ():

    From Middle Chinese (MC kje); compare Mandarin ():

    From native Japanese roots:

    Compounds

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    Korean

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    Hanja

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    (ui, gi) (hangeul , , revised ui, gi, McCune–Reischauer ŭi, ki)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    Vietnamese

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    Han character

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    : Hán Nôm readings: , ấy

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.