See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 37 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 大一弓口 (KMNR), four-corner 40621, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 250, character 31
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 5892
  • Dae Jaweon: page 510, character 29
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 533, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5947

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

EtymologyEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): A man riding a horse. The horse is now . Original form of (OC *ɡral, *ɡrals, “to ride”). Current meaning by sound loan.

Etymology 1Edit

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕʰi³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Qingdao /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁴²/
Xi'an /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Xining /t͡ɕʰji²⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕʰi⁵³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕʰi²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕʰi²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Hefei /t͡sʰz̩⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕʰi¹¹/
Pingyao /t͡ɕʰi¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕʰi³¹/
Wu Shanghai /d͡ʑi²³/
Suzhou /d͡ʑi¹³/
Hangzhou /d͡ʑi²¹³/
Wenzhou /d͡zz̩³¹/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/
Tunxi /t͡ɕi⁴⁴/ 稀~
/t͡ɕʰi⁴⁴/ ~怪
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕi¹³/
Xiangtan /d͡ʑi¹²/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕʰi²⁴/
Hakka Meixian /kʰi¹¹/
Taoyuan /kʰi¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kʰei²¹/
Nanning /kʰi²¹/
Hong Kong /kʰei²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /ki³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /ki⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ki²¹/
/kyɛ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kʰi⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /xi³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (30)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɡɣiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɡɯiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡiɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/gjiə̆/
Li
Rong
/ɡje/
Wang
Li
/ɡǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/gie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ gje ›
Old
Chinese
/*N-k(r)aj/
English strange

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 9997
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡral/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. strange; odd; weird; unusual
      ―  guài  ―  strange
      ―    ―  peculiar
  2. wonderful; fantastic; remarkable
    /   ―    ―  miracle
      ―  miào  ―  fantastic

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (28)
Final () (13)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () Chongniu III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kɣiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/kɯiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kjiə̆/
Li
Rong
/kje/
Wang
Li
/kǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kje ›
Old
Chinese
/*[k](r)aj/
English odd (number)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 9973
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kral/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. unsmooth; disadvantageous
  2. surplus
  3. (mathematics) odd
    /   ―  shù  ―  odd number

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. strange

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki) or ‎(ui) (hangeul , revised Yi, McCune-Reischauer Yi) : 기특할 기, 의지할 의

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(kỳ, cả, , )

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