See also: 广 and 𠂆
U+5382, 厂
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5382

[U+5381]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5383]
U+2F1A, ⼚
KANGXI RADICAL CLIFF

[U+2F19]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F1B]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 27, +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 一竹 (MH), four-corner 71200, composition 丿)

  1. Kangxi radical #27, .

Descendants edit

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 160, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2890
  • Dae Jaweon: page 366, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 67, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+5382

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
       
Etymology 1
Simplified from (elimination of ).
Etymology 2
Pictogram (象形) – a cliff.

Etymology 1 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“shack; shed; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of ).
Notes:

Etymology 2 edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

From the stem *ŋaʔ (to oppose; to resist), i.e. “that which resists (the river's flow)”, with a voiceless initial (used to signify that that the noun refers to a natural object) and a general noun suffix *-n; related to (OC *ŋɡaːns, “bank; shore”), (OC *hŋaːʔ, “riverbank”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (32) (32)
Final () (61) (61)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Baxter xanX xanH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɑnX/ /hɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/hɑnX/ /hɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/xɑnX/ /xɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hanX/ /hanH/
Li
Rong
/xɑnX/ /xɑnH/
Wang
Li
/xɑnX/ /xɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xɑnX/ /xɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
hǎn hàn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
hon2 hon3
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
hàn hàn
Middle
Chinese
‹ xanX › ‹ xanH ›
Old
Chinese
/*ŋ̊ˁarʔ/ /*ŋ̊ˁar(ʔ)-s/
English cliff cliff

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 4883 4884
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hŋaːnʔ/ /*hŋaːns/

Definitions edit

  1. (obsolete) cliff; habitable cave on a cliff

Etymology 3 edit

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation edit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

Definitions edit

  1. Alternative form of (ān), usually used in names.

Etymology 4 edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“object for hiding when shooting birds; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of ).

Usage notes edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. Kangxi radical 27 "cliff"

Readings edit

References edit

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(giseuk eom, han) (hangeul 기슭 , )

  1. hill

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: xưởng, hán, am
: Nôm readings: xưởng, hán

Noun edit

  1. xưởng (factory, mill, workshop)

References edit