See also:
U+5EB5, 庵
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5EB5

[U+5EB4]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5EB6]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 53, 广+8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 戈大中山 (IKLU), four-corner 00216, composition 广)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 347, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9369
  • Dae Jaweon: page 657, character 24
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 887, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5EB5

Chinese edit

trad. /*
simp.
alternative forms in names
广 in names

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *qoːm, *qoːb): semantic 广 (house) + phonetic (OC *qromʔ).

Etymology edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *k-jim ~ k-jum (house; pit; womb). Cognate with Tibetan ཁྱིམ (khyim, house) and Burmese အိမ် (im, house).

Pronunciation edit


Note: The zero initial /∅-/ is commonly pronounced with a ng-initial /ŋ-/ in some varieties of Cantonese, including Hong Kong Cantonese.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /an⁵⁵/
Harbin /an⁴⁴/
Tianjin /nan²¹/
Jinan /ŋã²¹³/
Qingdao /ɣã²¹³/
Zhengzhou /an²⁴/
Xi'an /ŋã²¹/
Xining /nã⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /an⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɛ̃n³¹/
Ürümqi /an⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ŋan⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ŋan⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ŋan⁵⁵/
/ian⁵⁵/
Kunming /ã̠⁴⁴/
Nanjing /aŋ³¹/
Hefei /ʐæ̃²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɣæ̃¹¹/
Pingyao /ŋɑŋ¹³/
Hohhot /ŋæ̃³¹/
Wu Shanghai /ø⁵³/
Suzhou /ø⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ʔẽ̞³³/
Wenzhou /ø³³/
Hui Shexian /ŋɛ³¹/
Tunxi /ŋɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /ŋan³³/
Xiangtan /ŋan³³/
Gan Nanchang /ŋɵn⁴²/
Hakka Meixian /am⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /ɑm²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /ɐm⁵⁵/
Nanning /ɐm⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /ɐm⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /am⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /aŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ɔŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /am³³/
Haikou (Hainanese) /am²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (34) (34)
Final () (159) (160)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Baxter 'om 'op
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʌm/ /ʔʌp̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔəm/ /ʔəp̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɒm/ /ʔɒp̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔəm/ /ʔəp̚/
Li
Rong
/ʔᴀm/ /ʔᴀp̚/
Wang
Li
/ɒm/ /ɒp̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔăm/ /ʔăp̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ān e
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
am1 ap3
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 14328 14358
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qoːm/ /*qoːb/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. dome-shaped grass house; hut
  2. (Buddhism) monastery or nunnery
  3. a surname

Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. hut
  2. hermitage
  3. retreat (a peaceful, quiet place, esp. one meant for meditation or prayer)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Kanji in this term
いおり
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

/ipori//ifori//ihʷori//iori/

From Old Japanese.

The (れん)(よう)(けい) (ren'yōkei, stem or continuative form) of the verb (いお) (ioru, to reside in a temporary hut, obsolete).. Likely derived from io (see below).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(いおり) (ioriいほり (ifori)?

  1. a coarse hut made of bamboo and reeds, especially one made by a monk or hermit
    Synonyms: 庵室 (anshitsu), 草庵 (sōan)
  2. a small house
  3. (humble) one's home
  4. a temporary hut
    • c. 759, Man'yōshū, (book 10, poem 2235):
      , text here
      (あき)()(かる)(たび)()廬入(いほり)()四具礼(しぐれ)(ふり)我袖(わがそで)(ぬれぬ)干人無(ほすひとなし)() [Man'yōgana]
      (あき)()()(たび)いほりにしぐれ()()(そで)()れぬ()(ひと)なしに [Modern spelling]
      aki-ta karu tabi no iori ni shigure furi waga sode nurenu hosu hito nashi ni
      (please add an English translation of this example)
  5. a military camp (attested in the Wamyō Ruijushō)
    Synonym: -軍営(ぐんえい) (gun'ei)
  6. a kind of 家紋(かもん) (kamon, family crest) with the design of a hut
  7. Short for 庵形 (iori-gata): a figure in the shape of a roof
  8. Short for 庵看板 (iori kanban): This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived terms edit

Proper noun edit

(いおり) (Ioriいほり (ifori)?

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
いお
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

/ipo//ifo//ihʷo//io/

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *ipua.

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Alternative forms edit

Noun edit

(いお) (ioいほ (ifo)?

  1. a temporary hut made of bamboo and reeds
  2. a temporary residence
    • 905, Kokin Wakashū (book 18, poem 983, also Hyakunin Isshu, poem 8)
      わが(いほ)(みよこ)のたつみしかぞすむ()をうぢ(やま)(ひと)はいふなり
      waga io wa miyako no tatsumi shika zo sumu yo o Ujiyama to hito wa iunari
      (please add an English translation of this example)
Derived terms edit

Etymology 3 edit

Kanji in this term
あん
Jinmeiyō
on’yomi

/am//amu//aɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC 'om).

Alternative forms edit

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(あん) (an

  1. a small house with a thatched roof
  2. (Buddhism) a priest's quarter attached to a large Zen temple
Derived terms edit

Suffix edit

(あん) (-an

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.
Derived terms edit

Proper noun edit

(あん) (An

  1. a surname

References edit

  1. 1.0 1.1 Akira Matsumura, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Hanja edit

(eumhun 암자 (amja am))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: am

  1. chữ Hán form of am (hermitage, secluded hut, cottage, etc.).