See also: , 𡶜, and
U+5CB8, 岸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5CB8

[U+5CB7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5CB9]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(Kangxi radical 46, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 山一一十 (UMMJ), four-corner 22241, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 310, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8009
  • Dae Jaweon: page 610, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 766, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5CB8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms


Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡaːns): semantic (cliff) + phonetic (OC *kaːn) – the edge of the land.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • ngiâng - vernacular;
  • ngâng - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • hōaⁿ - vernacular;
    • gān - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (31)
    Final () (61)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ŋɑnH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ŋɑnH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ŋɑnH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ŋanH/
    Li
    Rong
    /ŋɑnH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ŋɑnH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ŋɑnH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    àn
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    ngon6
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    àn
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nganH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[ŋ]ˁa[r]-s/
    English bank of a river

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 3604
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*ŋɡaːns/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bank; shore; coast
    2. high; lofty
    3. stately; haughty
    4. border

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. beach

    ReadingsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    きし
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (きし) (kishi

    1. bank, coast, shore

    Proper nounEdit

    (きし) (Kishi

    1. A surname​.

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    がん
    Grade: 3
    on’yomi

    PronunciationEdit

    AffixEdit

    (がん) (gan

    1. bank; coast; shore

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Middle Chinese (MC ŋɑnH).

    Recorded as Middle Korean ᅌᅡᆫ〮 (Yale: ngan) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

    Recorded as Middle Korean (an) (Yale: an) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

    HanjaEdit

    Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

    Wikisource

    (eumhun 언덕 (eondeok an))

    1. Hanja form? of (bank).

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    : Hán Nôm readings: ngàn, ngan, ngạn

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.