See also: , 𡶜, and
U+5CB8, 岸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5CB8

[U+5CB7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5CB9]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 46, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 山一一十 (UMMJ), four-corner 22241, composition )

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 310, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8009
  • Dae Jaweon: page 610, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 766, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5CB8

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms


Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *ŋɡaːns) : semantic (cliff) + phonetic (OC *kaːn) – the edge of the land.

Etymology edit

Possibly derived from a stem *ŋaʔ (to oppose; to resist) + general noun suffix *-n; related to (OC *hŋaːnʔ, *hŋaːns, “cliff”), (OC *hŋaːʔ, “riverbank”) (Schuessler, 2007).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • ngiâng - vernacular;
  • ngâng - literary.
Note:
  • hōaⁿ - vernacular;
  • gān - literary.
Note:
  • huan7 - vernacular;
  • ngai6 - literary.
    • (Leizhou)
      • Leizhou Pinyin: hua1 / ngang7
      • Sinological IPA: /hua³⁵/, /ŋaŋ⁵⁵/
Note:
  • hua1 - vernacular;
  • ngang7 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter nganH
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋanH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑnH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
àn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
ngon6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
àn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nganH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˁa[r]-s/
English bank of a river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡaːns/

Definitions edit

  1. bank; shore; coast
      ―  hǎi'àn  ―  coast
      ―  kào'àn  ―  to approach the shore
  2. high; lofty
      ―  wěi'àn  ―  tall and sturdy
  3. stately; haughty
  4. border

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

  • Vietnamese: ngạn

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. beach

Readings edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term
きし
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(きし) (kishi

  1. bank, coast, shore

Proper noun edit

(きし) (Kishi

  1. a surname

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: 3
on’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Affix edit

(がん) (gan

  1. bank; coast; shore

References edit

  1. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tokyo: NHK Publishing, Inc., →ISBN
  2. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  3. ^ Hirayama, Teruo, editor (1960), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC nganH).

Recorded as Middle Korean ᅌᅡᆫ〮 (Yale: ngan) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

Recorded as Middle Korean (an) (Yale: an) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 언덕 (eondeok an))

  1. Hanja form? of (bank).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: ngàn, ngan, ngạn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.