See also: , 𡶜, and
U+5CB8, 岸
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5CB8

[U+5CB7]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5CB9]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 46, +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 山一一十 (UMMJ), four-corner 22241, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 310, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8009
  • Dae Jaweon: page 610, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 766, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5CB8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡaːns): semantic (cliff) + phonetic (OC *kaːn) – the edge of the land.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • hōaⁿ - vernacular;
  • gān - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋanH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑnH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
àn
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
àn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nganH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˁa[r]-s/
English bank of a river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡaːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bank; shore (see 岸邊)
    兩岸两岸 (liǎng'àn)
  2. beach; coast
    海岸 (hǎi'àn)
  3. high
  4. stately
  5. border

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. beach

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
きし
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(きし) (kishi

  1. bank, coast, shore

Proper nounEdit

(きし) (Kishi

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
がん
Grade: 3
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(がん) (gan

  1. bank; coast; shore

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1960, Tetsuo Hirayama (平山輝男, editor), 全国アクセント辞典 (Zenkoku Akusento Jiten, Nationwide Accent Dictionary), (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Tōkyōdō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ŋɑnH).

Recorded as Middle Korean ᅌᅡᆫ〮 (Yale: ngan) in Dongguk Jeongun (東國正韻 / 동국정운), 1448.

Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: an) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 언덕 (eondeok an))

  1. Hanja form? of (bank).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: ngàn, ngan, ngạn

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.