See also: , 𡶜, and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ŋɡaːns): semantic  ‎(cliff) + phonetic  ‎(OC *kaːn) – the edge of the land.

Han characterEdit

(radical 46 +5, 8 strokes, cangjie input 山一一十 (UMMJ), four-corner 22241, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 310, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8009
  • Dae Jaweon: page 610, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 766, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5CB8

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (31)
Final () (61)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋanH/
Li
Rong
/ŋɑnH/
Wang
Li
/ŋɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
àn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
àn
Middle
Chinese
‹ nganH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ŋ]ˤa[r]-s/
English bank of a river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 3604
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ŋɡaːns/

NounEdit

  1. bank, shore
    兩岸两岸 (liǎng'àn)
  2. beach, coast
    海岸 (hǎi'àn)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. beach

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

Kanji in this term
きし
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

‎(hiragana きし, romaji kishi)

  1. bank, coast, shore

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana きし, romaji Kishi)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(an) (hangeul , revised an, McCune-Reischauer an, Yale an)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(ngàn, ngan, ngạn)

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