See also: , , and
U+53C2, 参
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C2

[U+53C1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53C3]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 28, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈大竹竹竹 (IKHHH), composition ⿱⿱)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 164, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3090
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 386, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+53C2

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Simplified from , which is in turn simplified from .

DefinitionsEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Three Stars mansion; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪm, “Three Stars mansion; carrot, ginseng”) and (MC t͡ʃʰˠiɪm, “jagged, uneven”):

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰʌm, “add, influence, join”):

From Middle Chinese (MC sɑm, “3, three”):

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 4
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)
 
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/ɕimʉ//ɕiɴ/

The “Three Stars mansion” and “carrot, ginseng” senses are from Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪm).

The “jagged, uneven” affix is from Middle Chinese (MC t͡ʃʰˠiɪm).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(しん) (shin

  1. jagged, uneven
  2. carrot, ginseng
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(しん) (Shin

  1. (Chinese astronomy) the Three Stars constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: 参宿 (Shinshuku), 唐鋤星 (Karasuki-boshi)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 4
kan’on
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

/ɕamʉ//samʉ//saɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰʌm).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(さん) (san

  1. a calling, coming
  2. (Zen Buddhism) a gathering of Zen members in meditation, preaching, and invocation
Derived termsEdit

AffixEdit

(さん) (san

  1. check, verify
  2. add, increase, join (a group, etc.)
  3. go (for a specific purpose, for example)
  4. Short for 参議院 (Sangiin): the House of Councillors (upper house of the Diet)
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(さん) (San

  1. (Chinese astronomy, rare) the Three Stars constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: 参宿 (Sanshuku), 唐鋤星 (Karasuki-boshi)
  2. a surname

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 4
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

/samʉ//saɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC sɑm).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

(さん) (san

  1. (law) Financial form of (san): 3, three
Usage notesEdit

This form of 3 is only used in legal documents.

AffixEdit

(さん) (san

  1. Alternative spelling of (san): 3, three
  2. Short for 三河 (Mikawa-no-kuni): Mikawa Province
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN