See also: , , and
U+53C2, 参
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C2

[U+53C1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53C3]

Translingual

edit
Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han character

edit

(Kangxi radical 28, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈大竹竹竹 (IKHHH), composition ⿱⿱)

Derived characters

edit

References

edit
  • Kangxi Dictionary: not present, would follow page 164, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3090
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 386, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+53C2

Chinese

edit

Glyph origin

edit

Simplified from , which is in turn simplified from .

Definitions

edit
For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Three Stars mansion; etc.”).
(This character is the simplified form of ).
Notes:

Japanese

edit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

Kanji

edit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

Readings

edit

From Middle Chinese (MC srim, “Three Stars mansion; carrot, ginseng”) and (MC tsrhim, “jagged, uneven”):

From Middle Chinese (MC tshom, “add, influence, join”):

From Middle Chinese (MC sam, “3, three”):

Compounds

edit

Etymology 1

edit
Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 4
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

/ɕimʉ//ɕiɴ/

The “Three Stars mansion” and “carrot, ginseng” senses are from Middle Chinese (MC srim).

The “jagged, uneven” affix is from Middle Chinese (MC tsrhim).

Pronunciation

edit

Affix

edit

(しん) (shin

  1. jagged, uneven
  2. carrot, ginseng
Derived terms
edit

Proper noun

edit

(しん) (Shin

  1. (Chinese astronomy) the Three Stars constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: 参宿 (Shinshuku), 唐鋤星 (Karasuki-boshi)
    Hypernyms: 白虎, 二十八宿
Derived terms
edit

Etymology 2

edit
Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 4
kan’on
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

/ɕamʉ//samʉ//saɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC tshom).

Pronunciation

edit

Noun

edit

(さん) (san

  1. a calling, coming
  2. (Zen Buddhism) a gathering of Zen members in meditation, preaching, and invocation
Derived terms
edit

Affix

edit

(さん) (san

  1. check, verify
  2. add, increase, join (a group, etc.)
  3. go (for a specific purpose, for example)
  4. Short for 参議院 (Sangiin): the House of Councillors (upper house of the Diet)
Derived terms
edit

Proper noun

edit

(さん) (San

  1. (Chinese astronomy, rare) the Three Stars constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: 参宿 (Sanshuku), 唐鋤星 (Karasuki-boshi)
  2. a surname

Etymology 3

edit
Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 4
on’yomi
Alternative spelling
(kyūjitai)

/samʉ//saɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC sam).

Pronunciation

edit

Numeral

edit

(さん) (san

  1. (law) Financial form of (san): 3, three
Usage notes
edit

This form of three is only used in legal documents, used to prevent fraud.

Affix

edit

(さん) (san

  1. Alternative spelling of (san): 3, three
  2. Short for 三河 (Mikawa-no-kuni): Mikawa Province
Derived terms
edit

References

edit
  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN