See also: , , and
U+53C2, 参
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-53C2

[U+53C1]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+53C3]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Han characterEdit

(radical 28, +6, 8 strokes, cangjie input 戈大竹竹竹 (IKHHH), composition ⿱⿱)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 164, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3090
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 386, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+53C2

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Simplified from , which is in turn simplified from .

DefinitionsEdit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“Three Stars mansion; etc.”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

ReadingsEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪm, “Three Stars mansion; carrot, ginseng”) and (MC t͡ʃʰˠiɪm, “jagged, uneven”):

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰʌm, “add, influence, join”):

From Middle Chinese (MC sɑm, “3, three”):

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
しん
Grade: 4
on’yomi
 
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/ɕimʉ//ɕiɴ/

The “Three Stars mansion” and “carrot, ginseng” senses are from Middle Chinese (MC ʃˠiɪm).

The “jagged, uneven” affix is from Middle Chinese (MC t͡ʃʰˠiɪm).

PronunciationEdit

AffixEdit

(しん) (shin (kyūjitai )

  1. jagged, uneven
  2. carrot, ginseng
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(しん) (Shin (kyūjitai )

  1. (Chinese astronomy) the Three Stars constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: 参宿 (Shinshuku), 唐鋤星 (Karasuki-boshi)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 4
kan’on

/ɕamʉ//samʉ//saɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰʌm).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(さん) (san (kyūjitai )

  1. a calling, coming
  2. (Zen Buddhism) a gathering of Zen members in meditation, preaching, and invocation
Derived termsEdit

AffixEdit

(さん) (san (kyūjitai )

  1. check, verify
  2. add, increase, join (a group, etc.)
  3. go (for a specific purpose, for example)
  4. Short for 参議院 (Sangiin): the House of Councillors (upper house of the Diet)
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(さん) (San (kyūjitai )

  1. (Chinese astronomy, rare) the Three Stars constellation, one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions
    Synonyms: 参宿 (Sanshuku), 唐鋤星 (Karasuki-boshi)
  2. a surname

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
さん
Grade: 4
on’yomi

/samʉ//saɴ/

From Middle Chinese (MC sɑm).

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

(さん) (san (kyūjitai )

  1. (law) Financial form of (san): 3, three
Usage notesEdit

This form of 3 is only used in legal documents.

AffixEdit

(さん) (san (kyūjitai )

  1. Alternative spelling of (san): 3, three
  2. Short for 三河 (Mikawa-no-kuni): Mikawa Province
Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN