Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
若-oracle.svg 若-bronze.svg 若-silk.svg 若-bigseal.svg 若-seal.svg

Han characterEdit

(radical 140 +5, 11 strokes, cangjie input 廿大口 (TKR), four-corner 44604, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1023, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 30796
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1482, character 11
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3187, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+82E5

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʐuo⁵¹/
Harbin /iau⁵³/
/ʐuo⁵³/
Tianjin /ʐɤ⁵³/
Jinan /luə²¹/
Qingdao /yə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /ʐuo²⁴/
Xi'an /vo²¹/
Xining /u²¹³/
Yinchuan /ʐuə¹³/
Lanzhou /və¹³/
Ürümqi /ʐuɤ²¹³/
Wuhan /io²¹³/
Chengdu /zo³¹/
Guiyang /zo²¹/
Kunming /ʐo³¹/
Nanjing /ioʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʐuɐʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /zuaʔ²/
Pingyao /ʐʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /ʐuaʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /zaʔ¹/
Suzhou /zɑʔ³/
Hangzhou /zɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /ja²¹³/
Hui Shexian /iɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi
Xiang Changsha /io²⁴/
Xiangtan /io²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /lɔʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /iok̚⁵/
Taoyuan /ʒok̚⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /jœk̚²/
Nanning /jœk̚²²/
Hong Kong /jœk̚²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /liɔk̚⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nuoʔ⁵/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /iɔ²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /ziak̚⁵/
/zioʔ⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ziɔk̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵia/ /ȵʑi̯a/ /ȵia/ /ȵia/ /ȵia/ /ȵʑĭa/ /ȵʑia/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵiaX/ /ȵʑi̯aX/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵiaX/ /ȵʑĭaX/ /ȵʑiaX/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (38)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ȵɨɐk̚/ /ȵʑi̯ak̚/ /ȵiak̚/ /ȵiɐk̚/ /ȵɨak̚/ /ȵʑĭak̚/ /ȵʑiɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ruò ‹ nyak › /*nak/ you
ruò ‹ nyak › /*nak/ agree

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10929 0 /*nja/
10932 0 /*njaʔ/
10940 0 /*njaɡ/ 叒加口轉註

DefinitionsEdit

  1. if, supposing, assuming
  2. young
  3. you
  4. as if
    旁若無人旁若无人 (páng ruò wú rén, “to selfishly do what one wants without regard to other people's wishes”) (literally "as if no one is by one's side")
  5. in this way
  6. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. young
  2. if

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana わか, romaji waka)

  1. "my lord" (towards a young master or a young heir)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(yak, ya)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: yak, ya, McCune-Reischauer: yak, ya, Yale: yak, ya)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nhược, nhã)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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