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U+6426, 搦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6426

[U+6425]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6427]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 64, +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 手弓一一 (QNMM), four-corner 57027, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 447, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 12500
  • Dae Jaweon: page 798, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1938, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6426

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*neːwʔ
*njewɢ
*njewɢ, *neːwɢ
*njewɢ
*rneːwɢ, *rnaːwɢ
*neːwɢ

EtymologyEdit

Cantonese (nik1) has a nasal-stop alternant in (ning1) (Kwok et al. (2008)).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • la̍k - "to grasp", "to rub in water";
  • lio̍k/jio̍k - "to tread on", "to rub and knead".

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (12) (12)
Final () (10) (114)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Closed
Division () II II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɳˠʌk̚/ /ɳˠwæk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɳᵚɔk̚/ /ɳʷᵚak̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/nɔk̚/ /nuak̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɳaɨwk̚/ /ɳwaɨjk̚/
Li
Rong
/nɔk̚/ /nuɐk̚/
Wang
Li
/nɔk̚/ /nwɐk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/nɔk̚/ /nwɐk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
nuò nuò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 10950 10951
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*rneːwɢ/ /*rnaːwɢ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (Classical Chinese) to repress; to restrain
  2. to grasp, to seize; to take in hand
  3. (Cantonese) to hold in the hand
    / [Cantonese]  ―  nik1 hei2 faai3 sek6 [Jyutping]  ―  pick up a rock
  4. to challenge
  5. to capture
  6. (Min Nan) to grasp in hand
  7. (Min Nan) to rub in water
    衫褲 / 衫裤 [Min Nan]  ―  la̍k saⁿ-khò͘ [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  rub clothes in water for washing
  8. (Min Nan) to rub and knead
  9. (Min Nan) to tread on
    塗糜 / 涂糜 [Min Nan]  ―  lio̍k thô͘-bôe [Pe̍h-ōe-jī]  ―  tread on mud

SynonymsEdit

  • (Cantonese: to hold in the hand): (Mandarin) (), ()
Dialectal synonyms of (“to take”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou , ,
Hong Kong , ,
Taishan 𢬿
Yangjiang , ,
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Sabah
Jin Taiyuan ,
Min Bei Jian'ou ,
Min Dong Fuzhou ,
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei , mT
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Hsinchu
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen ,
Magong
Penang ,
Singapore
Philippines (Manila)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Wu Suzhou
Wenzhou , ,
Xiang Changsha
Note mT - mainstream Taiwanese (no particular region identified)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(nạch)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReferencesEdit