U+96CC, 雌
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-96CC

[U+96CB]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+96CD]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 172, +6, 14 strokes, cangjie input 卜一心人土 (YMPOG), four-corner 20114, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1366, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41998
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1871, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 4098, character 18
  • Unihan data for U+96CC

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Chu Slip and silk script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

EtymologyEdit

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (14)
Final () (11)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰiᴇ/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰiɛ/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰjɛ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰiə̆/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰie/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰǐe/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰie̯/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1721
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sʰe/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (formal) female (describing animals and plants)

Usage notesEdit

  • Commonly used for animals and plants to mean "female" in academic contexts, less commonly used in non-academic contexts (use "" instead), and not used for humans (use "" instead). For example:
    母雞 / 母鸡  ―  mǔjī  ―  hen
    母牛  ―  mǔniú  ―  cow

AntonymsEdit

  • (xióng, “male”)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
めす
Grade: S
kun’yomi
  This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “Compound of (me, female plant or animal, see below) +‎ (-su, suffix originally representing birds)?”

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 (めす) or  (メス) (mesu)

  1. a female (plant or animal)
  2. an internal socket
AntonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Extension of (me, woman). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 () (me)

  1. a female (plant or animal)
    Antonym: (o)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
めん
Grade: S
Irregular

From (me, female plant or animal, see above) +‎ (-n, abbreviation of case particle (no)).

Alternative formsEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

 (めん) (men)

  1. a female (plant or animal)
    Antonym: (on)

Etymology 4Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC t͡sʰiᴇ).

AffixEdit

 () (shi)

  1. female (plant or animal)
    Antonym: ()
  2. effeminate

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(ja) (hangeul , revised ja, McCune–Reischauer cha, Yale ca)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old JapaneseEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Extension of (me1, woman). (Can this(+) etymology be sourced?)

NounEdit

(me1) (kana )

  1. female (plant or animal)

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: (め, me)

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(thư)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.