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ChineseEdit

 
(bright) color; variety; applause; applaud; (lottery) prize
rainbow
simp. and trad.
(彩虹)
anagram 虹彩
 
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彩虹

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/3 3/3
Initial () (14) (33) (28)
Final () (41) (1) (9)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open Open
Division () I I II
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡sʰʌiX/ /ɦuŋ/ /kˠʌŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʰəiX/ /ɦuŋ/ /kᵚɔŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɒiX/ /ɣuŋ/ /kɔŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡sʰəjX/ /ɦəwŋ/ /kaɨwŋH/
Li
Rong
/t͡sʰᴀiX/ /ɣuŋ/ /kɔŋH/
Wang
Li
/t͡sʰɒiX/ /ɣuŋ/ /kɔŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡sʰɑ̆iX/ /ɣuŋ/ /kɔŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
cǎi hóng jiàng

NounEdit

彩虹

  1. rainbow (Classifier: ; )
    丹霞彩虹 [Classical Chinese, trad.]
    丹霞彩虹 [Classical Chinese, simp.]
    From: s:zh:步出夏門行 (魏明帝)
    Dānxiá bì rì, cǎihóng dài tiān. [Pinyin]
    (please add an English translation of this example)

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of (“rainbow”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese , 螮蝀, ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 彩虹,
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan 彩虹
Harbin
Shenyang
Hailar 彩虹
Ulanhot 七彩虹
Tongliao 彩虹
Chifeng
Bayanhot 彩虹,
Jinan
Muping
Luoyang
Wanrong
Xi'an
Zhengzhou
Xining
Xuzhou
Yinchuan
Lanzhou
Ürümqi
Wuhan
Huanggang
Chengdu
Guiyang
Guilin
Liuzhou , 彩虹
Kunming
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Nantong ,
Sokuluk (Gansu Dungan)
Masanchin (Shaanxi Dungan)
Cantonese Guangzhou , 天虹, 龍拱
Hong Kong 天虹, 彩虹
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 天弓
Foshan 鑊耳龍
Shunde 拱篷
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 虹拱
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 龍孔
Doumen 龍孔
Taishan 鑊耳
Kaiping (Chikan) 鑊耳龍
Dongguan
Shaoguan
Yunfu
Yangjiang 破篷
Xinyi 湴更
Lianjiang
Nanning
Wuzhou 彩虹
Yulin 龐虹
Hepu 天虹
Danzhou 天虹
Kuala Lumpur 彩虹, 彩龍
Ho Chi Minh City 彩虹
Gan Nanchang
Lichuan 天虹, 天吊
Pingxiang
Hakka Meixian 天弓
Xingning 天弓
Huidong (Daling) 天弓
Qujiang 天弓
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
Luchuan 天公降水
Changting
Pingyu 天弓
Wuping 天弓
Liancheng
Ninghua
Yudu
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 天弓,
Liudui (S. Sixian) 天弓
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu) 天弓
Hsinchu (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong 天弓
Sabah (Longchuan) 天弓
Senai 天弓, 彩虹
Singkawang 天弓
Huizhou Jixi 日頭紅虹,
Yixian
Qimen
Wuyuan
Fuliang
Dexing 彩虹
Xianyu (formerly Zhanda)
Jin Taiyuan
Pingyao
Xinzhou
Baochang
Jining
Hohhot
Baotou
Dongsheng
Linhe
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Dikou
Zhenqian
Shibei , 攔溪仔 dated
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing
Shouning
Matsu
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Yongchun
Zhangzhou
Hua'an
Dongshan
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Sanxia
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Zhangping (Yongfu) 天虹
Pingnan (Shangdu)
Chaozhou
Shantou
Haifeng
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi)
Guilin (Dahe)
Shehua Fu'an 交龍
Fuding 交龍
Luoyuan 交龍
Sanming 交龍
Shunchang 交龍
Hua'an 交龍
Guixi 交龍
Cangnan 交龍
Jingning 交龍
Lishui 交龍
Longyou 交龍
Chaozhou 交龍
Fengshun 交龍
Wu Shanghai , 彩虹, dated
Suzhou , 彩虹,
Wuxi 彩虹, ,
Hangzhou , 彩虹
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua , 彩虹
Tangxi
Ningbo ,
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng
Loudi
Quanzhou 彩虹

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (彩虹):
  • Japanese: 彩虹 (さいこう) (saikō)
  • Korean: 채홍 (彩虹, chaehong)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
さい
Grade: S
こう
Grade: S
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

彩虹 (hiragana さいこう, rōmaji saikō)

  1. colourful beautiful rainbow

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN