Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

A rainbow

(radical 142 +3, 9 strokes, cangjie input 中戈一 (LIM), four-corner 51110, composition)

  1. rainbow

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1076, character 40
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 32830
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1545, character 23
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2834, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+8679

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: (33)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦuŋ/ /ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋ/ /ɦuŋ/ /ɦəwŋ/ /ɣuŋ/ /ɣuŋ/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kuŋH/ /kuŋH/ /kuŋH/ /kuŋH/ /kəwŋH/ /kuŋH/ /kuŋH/
Character (), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: (28)
Final:
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣʌŋH/ /kɔŋH/ /kɔŋH/ /kɯɔŋH/ /kaɨwŋH/ /kɔŋH/ /kɔŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
hóng ‹ huwng › /*m-kˤoŋ/ rainbow
jiàng ‹ kæwngH › /*kˤroŋ-s/ rainbow

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4004 0 /*kroːŋs/
4032 0 /*koːŋs/ 原注今音絳
4056 0 /*ɡoːŋ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. rainbow

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
(niji, nuji, noji): a rainbow.
Kanji in this term
にじ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Shift from earlier nuji or noji reading.

PronunciationEdit

Alternative formsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana にじ, romaji niji)

  1. a rainbow
    春雨 (はるさめ)がやんだ途端 (とたん)に、 (うつく)しい (にじ) (あらわ)れた。
    Harusame ga yanda totan ni, utsukushii niji ga arawareta.
    Just as the spring shower passed, a beautiful rainbow appeared.

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
ぬじ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese.[1] Shift from earlier noji reading.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぬじ, romaji nuji)

  1. (dialect, possibly obsolete) a rainbow

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term
のじ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

From Old Japanese. Appears in the Man'yōshū of 720 CE as an eastern dialectal variant.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ぬじ, romaji nuji)

  1. (obsolete) a rainbow

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(hong, gang)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: hong, gang, McCune-Reischauer: hong, kang, Yale: hong, kang)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hồng, vồng, nhật)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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