ChineseEdit

blame; complain to hate; regret
simp. and trad.
(怨恨)

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
Initial () (34) (33)
Final () (66) (53)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed Open
Division () III I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʔʉɐnH/ /ɦənH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʔʷiɐnH/ /ɦənH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔiuɐnH/ /ɣənH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʔuanH/ /ɦənH/
Li
Rong
/ʔiuɐnH/ /ɣənH/
Wang
Li
/ĭwɐnH/ /ɣənH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʔi̯wɐnH/ /ɣənH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yuàn hèn
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
jyun3 han6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
yuàn hèn
Middle
Chinese
‹ ʔjwonH › ‹ honH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ʔ]o[r]-s/ /*[m-q]ˁə[n]-s/
English resentment regret

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2 1/1
No. 16305 3938
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qons/ /*ɡɯːns/

NounEdit

怨恨

  1. hatred; enmity; resentment; grudge

SynonymsEdit

  • 仇怨 (chóuyuàn)
  • (literary, or in compounds) (xián)

VerbEdit

怨恨

  1. to hate; to resent
  2. to have a grudge against someone

SynonymsEdit

  • (to hate):

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (怨恨):
  • Japanese: 怨恨(えんこん) (enkon)
  • Korean: 원한 (怨恨, wonhan)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
えん
Grade: S
こん
Grade: S
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(えん)(こん) (enkonゑんこん (wenkon)?

  1. enmity, grudge

See alsoEdit


KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

怨恨 (wonhan) (hangeul 원한)

  1. Hanja form? of 원한 (grudge; rancour).