TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(tree) + phonetic 

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 木手大木 (DQKD), four-corner 45994, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 543, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15240
  • Dae Jaweon: page 931, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1259, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+699B

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (榛), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 莊 (18)
Final: 臻
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 側詵切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃɪn/ /ʈ͡ʂi̯æn/ /t͡ʃiĕn/ /ʈ͡ʂɪn/ /ʈ͡ʂin/ /t͡ʃĭen/ /t͡ʃien/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhēn ‹ tsrin › /*tsri[n]/ hazel

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10503 1 /*ʔsrin/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. hazelnut
  2. thicket, underbrush

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(jin) (hangeul , revised jin, McCune-Reischauer chin, Yale cin)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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ReferencesEdit

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