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See also:
U+6A58, 橘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A58

[U+6A57]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A59]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75, +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木弓竹月 (DNHB), four-corner 47927, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 553, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15551
  • Dae Jaweon: page 942, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1297, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6A58

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷilʔ, *qʰʷids, *qʰʷiːd
*ɡʷeŋ
*kʷriːd, *kʷreːd
*kʷriːd, *ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*kʷiːd
*kʷiːd, *ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*kʷiːd
*kʷiːd
*ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*kʷid
*kʷid, *ɢʷid
*qʰʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. Schuessler (2007) connected (OC kwit) to Khmer [script needed] (kwic, tangerine) and also deemed as "less likely" connections to ក្រូច (krouc, citrus) and Proto-Hre-Sedang *kruč (Bodman, 1980). However, Alves (2018) considered the Old Chinese word's Austroasiatic origin likely, and compared it to Proto-Mon-Khmer *kruuc ~ kruəc.

PronunciationEdit


Note: kiat/kit - vernacular (俗), 桔 is used in Taiwan.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕyn²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kit̚¹/
Taoyuan /kit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /kɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kut̚³²/
/kiat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (52)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiuɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kjuet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwit̚/
Li
Rong
/kiuĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭuĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjwit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s.k]ʷi[t]/
English orange (tangerine?)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16015
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷid/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tangerine

Usage notesEdit

See .

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
たちばな
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese.

Named after 田道間守 (Tajimamori), a legendary figure mentioned in the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki; purportedly bringing back certain fruits, but not directly as tachibana by name.

Shortened to tachi for some compounds.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana たちばな, katakana タチバナ, rōmaji tachibana)

  1. Citrus tachibana, a species of wild, green, inedible citrus fruit native to Japan
    Synonym: 大和橘 (Yamato tachibana)
    Hypernym: 蜜柑 (mikan)
  2. Synonym of 唐橘 (kara-tachibana): the trifoliate orange, Citrus trifoliata, syn. Poncirus trifoliata
  3. Synonym of 花橘 (hanatachibana): tachibana flowers; Ardesia crenata; Ardesia japonica; a kind of 襲の色目 (kasane no irome, color combination by layering of garments)
  4. (archaic) generic name for citrus fruits that can be eaten raw
  5. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with designs of tachibana flowers, fruits, and leaves
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

Proper nounEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
English Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia

(hiragana たちばな, rōmaji Tachibana)

  1. Short for 橘氏 (Tachibana-uji): an ancient clan who often held high-ranking positions in the medieval Japanese court, descended from Agata no Inukai no Michiyo and later Tachibana no Moroe
  2. (historical) a Sakura-class destroyer of the Imperial Japanese Navy (see   Japanese destroyer Tachibana (1912) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia )
    Hypernym: (Sakura)
  3. (historical) a destroyer subclass of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II, modified from the Matsu-class destroyers
  4. (historical) the lead ship of the Tachibana-subclass destroyers (see   Japanese destroyer Tachibana (1944) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia )
  5. a placename, especially in Takaichi District, Nara Prefecture where the titular 菩提寺 (bodaiji) is located
  6. a surname
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
きつ
Jinmeiyō
kan’on

From Middle Chinese (MC kiuɪt̚).

AffixEdit

(hiragana きつ, rōmaji kitsu)

  1. Citrus tachibana
  2. the Tachibana clan
Derived termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana きつ, rōmaji Kitsu)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyul) (hangeul , revised gyul, McCune–Reischauer kyul, Yale kyul)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Old JapaneseEdit

EtymologyEdit

Named after 田道間守 (Tadimamo1ri), a legendary figure mentioned in the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki.

NounEdit

(tatibana) (kana たちばな)

  1. any raw edible citrus fruit
  2. Citrus tachibana, a species of green citrus fruit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: (tachibana)

Proper nounEdit

(Tatibana) (kana たちばな)

  1. a powerful clan descended from Agata no Inukai no Michiyo and later Tachibana no Moroe

DescendantsEdit

  • Japanese: (Tachibana)

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quất, quít, quầng, quắt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.