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See also:
U+6A58, 橘
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6A58

[U+6A57]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6A59]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 75 +12, 16 strokes, cangjie input 木弓竹月 (DNHB), four-corner 47927, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 553, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 15551
  • Dae Jaweon: page 942, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1297, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6A58

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*qʰʷilʔ, *qʰʷids, *qʰʷiːd
*ɡʷeŋ
*kʷriːd, *kʷreːd
*kʷriːd, *ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*kʷiːd
*kʷiːd, *ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*kʷiːd
*kʷiːd
*ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*ɢʷjid, *ɢʷid
*kʷid
*kʷid, *ɢʷid
*qʰʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid
*ɢʷid

PronunciationEdit


Note: kiat/kit - vernacular (俗), 桔 is used in Taiwan.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /t͡ɕy³⁵/
Harbin /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Tianjin /t͡ɕy⁴⁵/
Jinan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /t͡ɕy⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /t͡ɕy²¹/
Xining /t͡ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /t͡ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /t͡ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡ɕy²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡ɕiu²¹/
Kunming /t͡ɕi³¹/
Nanjing /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
Hefei /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡ɕyʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡ɕioʔ⁵/
/t͡ɕyɪʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡ɕyəʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡sz̩ʷəʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕai²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡ɕyʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕyn²⁴/
Xiang Changsha /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Xiangtan /t͡ɕy²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡ɕyʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /kit̚¹/
Taoyuan /kit̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /kwɐt̚⁵/
Nanning /kɐt̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /kwɐt̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /kut̚³²/
/kiat̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /kɛiʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /xi²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /kik̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /kit̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (28)
Final () (52)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kiuɪt̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kʷit̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kjuet̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kwit̚/
Li
Rong
/kiuĕt̚/
Wang
Li
/kĭuĕt̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ki̯uĕt̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
ju
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ kjwit ›
Old
Chinese
/*[s.k]ʷi[t]/
English orange (tangerine?)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 16015
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kʷid/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tangerine

See alsoEdit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia
Kanji in this term
たちばな
Jinmeiyō
kun’yomi

/tadibana//tatibana//tat͡ɕibana/

Named after 田道間守 (Tajimamori, Tajimamori), a legendary figure mentioned in the Kojiki and the Nihon Shoki; purportedly bringing back certain fruits, but not directly as tachibana by name.

Shortened to tachi for some compounds.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana たちばな, katakana タチバナ, rōmaji tachibana)

  1. Citrus tachibana, a species of wild, green, inedible citrus fruit native to Japan
    Synonyms: 大和橘 (Yamato tachibana)
    Hypernyms: 蜜柑 (mikan)
  2. Synonym of 唐橘 (kara-tachibana): the trifoliate orange, Citrus trifoliata, formerly Poncirus trifoliata
  3. (historical) generic name for citrus fruits, usually eaten raw
  4. name of a 家紋 (kamon, family crest), with designs of tachibana flowers, fruits, and leaves
Usage notesEdit
Derived termsEdit
IdiomsEdit

Proper nounEdit

 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

(hiragana たちばな, rōmaji Tachibana)

  1. Short for 橘氏 (Tachibana uji): name of an ancient clan, who often held high-ranking positions in the medieval Japanese court
  2. name of one of two destroyers of the Imperial Japanese Navy (see   Japanese destroyer Tachibana on Wikipedia.Wikipedia )
  3. name of a class of destroyers of the Imperial Japanese Navy during World War II (see   Matsu-class destroyer on Wikipedia.Wikipedia )
  4. A surname​.

(hiragana たち, rōmaji Tachi)

  1. A surname​.

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC kiuɪt̚).

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana きち, rōmaji Kichi)

  1. a surname​.

(hiragana きつ, rōmaji Kitsu)

  1. a female given name
  2. a surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gyul) (hangeul , revised gyul, McCune-Reischauer kyul, Yale kyul)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(quất, quít, quầng, quắt)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.