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ChineseEdit

ocean; sea king; Wang (proper name) star; satellite; small amount
simp. and trad.
(海王星)
 
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PronunciationEdit


Proper nounEdit

海王星

  1. Neptune (eighth planet of the solar system)

See alsoEdit


JapaneseEdit

 
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海王星
Kanji in this term
かい
Grade: 2
おう
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 2
on’yomi

EtymologyEdit

Appears to be borrowed from Chinese 海王星, applying the expected Japanese on'yomi for the characters.

The planet itself was discovered in 1846 by astronomers in Europe, so prior to that point, the planet had no name in any language. Following the convention at the time, it was ultimately named for the Roman god, Neptune. After this, the term was probably first borrowed into Chinese as a calque and then borrowed into Japanese from there. Although the god Neptune was known in both China and Japan at this point due to cultural contact, the god's name (or, rather, role) was more often rendered as 海神 (literally, “sea + god”) in both Chinese and Japanese. It is unclear where the 海王 (literally, “sea + king”) appellation arose. The on the end refers to stars or planets.

PronunciationEdit

Proper nounEdit

海王星 (hiragana かいおうせい, rōmaji Kaiōsei, historical hiragana かいわうせい)

  1. Neptune (eighth planet of the solar system)
    • 2009 March 30 [Jan 23 2004], Takeuchi, Naoko, “Actアクト 29トゥエンティナイン げんスリー 2人ふたり NEWニュー SOLDIERSソルジャーズ [Act 29: Infinity 3: 2 NEW SOLDIERS]”, in 美少女戦士Pretty GuardianセーラームーンSAILORMOON [Pretty Guardian SAILOR MOON], volume 6 (fiction), 6th edition, Tokyo: Kodansha, →ISBN, page 181–182:
      —— (うみ) (ほし) (かい) (おう) (せい) (しゅ) ()にもつ (しん) (かい) (せん) ()——セーラーネプチューン
      ——Umi no Hoshi Kaiōsei o shugo ni motsu shinkai no senshi ——Sērā Nepuchūn
      ——Warrior of the depths, keeper of Neptune the Sea Planet ——Sailor Neptune

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3
  3. ^ 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

Proper nounEdit

海王星 (Haewangseong) (hangeul 해왕성)

  1. Hanja form? of 해왕성 (Neptune).

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this term

Proper nounEdit

海王星

  1. Hán tự form of Hải Vương tinh (Neptune).