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U+661F, 星
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-661F

[U+661E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6620]
See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日竹手一 (AHQM), four-corner 60104, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 492, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13837
  • Dae Jaweon: page 855, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1500, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+661F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sʰlɯː
*sʰleːns
*sʰleːns, *ʔsreːŋ
*sʰleːns, *sʰleŋs
*sʰleːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰeːns
*sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sleːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋ, *sreŋs
*sreŋ, *seːŋ
*sreŋ
*sreŋʔ
*sreŋs
*zreːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *ʔsleŋs
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ, *zleŋs, *zleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ, *sʰleŋʔ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*ʔsleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋ
*sʰleŋʔ, *zleŋs, *zleŋ
*sʰleŋs
*zleŋs, *zleŋ
*zleŋs
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋ
*zleŋʔ
*zleŋʔ
*seŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seŋʔ, *seːŋ
*sleŋs
*sleŋs
*l̥ʰeŋs
*ʔljeŋ, *sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ
*sʰleːŋ, *sʰleːŋs
*sʰleːŋs
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*sleːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ
*seːŋ, *seːŋʔ, *seːŋs
*seːŋ

Originally (OC *sleːŋ), which is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sleːŋ): semantic  (twinkling stars) + phonetic  (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • lhiang1-4 - vernacular;
  • lhen1 - literary.
Note:
  • chhiⁿ/chheⁿ - vernacular;
  • seng - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /siŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /siŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiŋ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕi¹¹/ ~宿
/ɕiəŋ¹¹/ 五~
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
/sei¹³/ 掃帚~
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/ 星~
/ɕi³¹/ 河~~
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /seŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /siʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /sɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /din³³/
Xiangtan /sian³³/
/sin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɑŋ⁴²/
/ɕin⁴²/ ~子縣
Hakka Meixian /sen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɛŋ⁵⁵/
/ɬeŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /siŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰẽ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ²³/
/sɛ²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (16)
Final () (125)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/seŋ/
Pan
Wuyun
/seŋ/
Shao
Rongfen
/sɛŋ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/sɛjŋ/
Li
Rong
/seŋ/
Wang
Li
/sieŋ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/sieŋ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xīng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xīng
Middle
Chinese
‹ seng ›
Old
Chinese
/*s-tsʰˤeŋ/
English star

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 11371
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*sleːŋ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

 
Five-pointed star shape
  1. star; planet; heavenly body
    星星  ―  xīngxing  ―  star
    /   ―  héngxīng  ―  (fixed) star
  2. star-shaped object
  3. star; celebrity
      ―  míngxīng  ―  bright star; celebrity
  4. weight marks on a steelyard
  5. a bit; a tiny bit
  6. tiny; minute
  7. whitish; white
  8. numerous and scattered everywhere; countless
  9. rapid; flying
  10. A surname​.

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 星星 (“star”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 星星
Mandarin Beijing 星星
Taiwan 星星
Tianjin 星星
Harbin 星星
Shenyang 星星兒
Jinan 星星
Muping 星兒
Luoyang 星星
Jiedian 星宿
Xi'an 星星
Xining 星星
Xuzhou 星星
Yinchuan 星星
Lanzhou 星宿
Ürümqi 星宿星星
Wuhan 星斗
Chengdu 星宿兒星星兒星星
Guiyang 星宿星星
Guilin 星星
Liuzhou 天星
Kunming 星宿
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong 星星
Dongguan
Hong Kong (Weitou)
Taishan
Yangjiang 天星
Nanning 天星
Wuzhou 天星
Yulin 天星
Hepu 星星
Kuala Lumpur
Gan Nanchang 星子
Lichuan 星仔
Pingxiang 星子
Hakka Meixian 星仔
Xingning 星哩
Huidong
Qujiang 星子
Xiaosanjiang 天星
Luchuan 天星
Changting 星宿
Pingyu 星子
Wuping 星子
Liancheng 星宿
Ninghua 星宿
Yudu 星子
Ruijin 天星
Shicheng
Shangyou 星斗
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 星仔
Liudui (S. Sixian) 星仔
Hsinchu (Hailu) 星仔
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping) 星仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Hong Kong
Senai 星星
Singkawang
Huizhou Jixi 天星
Jin Taiyuan 星宿星星
Xinzhou 星宿
Min Bei Jian'ou 星宿
Min Dong Fuzhou
Fuqing 天星
Matsu 星星
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Tainan
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung
Lukang
Sanxia 天星
Yilan
Kinmen
Magong
Penang
Pingnan 天星
Chaozhou
Johor Bahru
Haikou
Leizhou
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning 星子
Guilin 星子
Wu Shanghai 星星
Suzhou 星星
Hangzhou
Wenzhou
Chongming
Danyang
Jinhua 星星 childish
Ningbo
Xiang Changsha 星子
Shuangfeng 星子
Loudi 星子
Quanzhou 星子

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. star

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
ほし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

/posi//fosi//hoɕi/

From Old Japanese. Possible cognates include Korean (byeol, star) and Manchu ᡠᠰᡳᡥᠠ (usiha, star).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana ほし, rōmaji hoshi)

  1. star
     (かぞ) ()れないくらいたくさんの (ほし) (かがや)いている
    kazoekirenai kurai takusan no hoshi ga kagayaiteiru
    an endless number of stars are shining
    • 2014 May 2, “レオニンのぐうぞうかいしゃ [Leonin Iconoclast]”, in ニクスへの旅 [Journey into Nyx] (in Japanese), Wizards of the Coast:
       (ほし) (ぼし) () (ぞら)にあるべきです。ここは (われ) (われ) () (かい)。そして (われ) (われ) (こと) (われ) (われ) ()めます。」
      Hoshiboshi wa yozora ni aru beki desu. Koko wa wareware no sekai. Soshite wareware no koto wa wareware ga kimemasu.”
      “The stars belong in the night sky. This is our world. And we take matters into our own hands.”
  2. (tarot) the Star
  3. (abbreviation) Singapore

See alsoEdit

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana ほし, rōmaji Hoshi)

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(seong)

  • Eumhun:
    • Sound (hangeul): (revised: seong, McCune-Reischauer: sŏng, Yale: seng)
    • Name (hangeul): (revised: byeol, McCune-Reischauer: byŏl)
  1. star, planet

compoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tinh, tình)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.