See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
星-bw.png

EtymologyEdit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲) Originally . The upper part is the semantic part, and is shaped like twinkling stars. The lower part is the phonetic part.

Han characterEdit

(radical 72 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日竹手一 (AHQM), four-corner 60104, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 492, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13837
  • Dae Jaweon: page 855, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1500, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+661F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
Harbin /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Tianjin /ɕiŋ²¹/
Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹³/
Qingdao /siŋ²¹³/
Zhengzhou /siŋ²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕiŋ²¹/
Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
Kunming /ɕĩ⁴⁴/
Nanjing /sin³¹/
Hefei /ɕin²¹/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕi¹¹/ ~宿
/ɕiəŋ¹¹/ 五~
Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
/sei¹³/ 掃帚~
Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/ 星~
/ɕi³¹/ 河~~
Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
Suzhou /sin⁵⁵/
Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
Wenzhou /seŋ³³/
Hui Shexian /siʌ̃³¹/
Tunxi /sɛ¹¹/
Xiang Changsha /din³³/
Xiangtan /sian³³/
/sin³³/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiɑŋ⁴²/
/ɕin⁴²/ ~子縣
Hakka Meixian /sen⁴⁴/
Taoyuan /sen²⁴/
Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ⁵³/
Nanning /ɬɛŋ⁵⁵/
/ɬeŋ⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /siŋ⁵⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
/t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saiŋ⁵⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰẽ³³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ²³/
/sɛ²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final: (125)
Tone: Level (Ø)

Openness: Open
Division: IV
Fanqie:

Expected Mandarin reflex: xīng
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Pan
Wuyun
Shao
Rongfen
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Li
Rong
Wang
Li
Bernard
Karlgren
/seŋ/ /seŋ/ /sɛŋ/ /sɛjŋ/ /seŋ/ /sieŋ/ /sieŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīng ‹ seng › /*s-tsʰˤeŋ/ star

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11371 0 /*sleːŋ/

NounEdit

  1. star
  2. heavenly body

SynonymsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • (star, celebrity): 明星 (míngxīng)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. star

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term
ほし
Grade: 2
kun'yomi

/posi//fosi//hoɕi/

From Old Japanese. Possible cognates include Korean ‎(byeol, star) and Manchu ᡠᠰᡳᡥᠠ ‎(usiha, star).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana ほし, romaji hoshi)

  1. star
     (かぞ) ()れないくらいたくさんの (ほし) (かがや)いている
    kazoekirenai kurai takusan no hoshi ga kagayaiteiru
    an endless number of stars are shining
  2. (tarot): the Star: the seventeenth trump or major arcana card in most traditional tarot decks

Derived termsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Proper nounEdit

‎(hiragana ほし, romaji Hoshi)

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(seong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: seong, McCune-Reischauer: sŏng, Yale: seng)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: byeol, McCune-Reischauer: byŏl)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tinh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
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