See also: and
U+661F, 星
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-661F

[U+661E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6620]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 72, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 日竹手一 (AHQM), four-corner 60104, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 492, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13837
  • Dae Jaweon: page 855, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 1500, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+661F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

Glyph originEdit

Simplified from (), which is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *sleːŋ): semantic  (twinkling stars) + phonetic  (OC *sʰleːŋ, *sreŋs).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • sing1 - literary;
  • seng1 - vernacular (uncommon).
Note:
  • lhiang1-4 - vernacular;
  • lhen1 - literary.
  • Gan
  • Note:
    • xiang1 - vernacular;
    • xin1 - literary.
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Note:
    • xing1 - literary;
    • xi1 - vernacular (limited, e.g. 星宿).
  • Min Bei
  • Min Dong
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • chhiⁿ/chheⁿ - vernacular;
    • san - vernacular (limited, e.g. 零星);
    • seng - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ɕiŋ⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Tianjin /ɕiŋ²¹/
    Jinan /ɕiŋ²¹³/
    Qingdao /siŋ²¹³/
    Zhengzhou /siŋ²⁴/
    Xi'an /ɕiŋ²¹/
    Xining /ɕiə̃⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Lanzhou /ɕĩn³¹/
    Ürümqi /ɕiŋ⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /ɕin⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /ɕin⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /ɕin⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ɕĩ⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /sin³¹/
    Hefei /ɕin²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /ɕi¹¹/ ~宿
    /ɕiəŋ¹¹/ 五~
    Pingyao /ɕiŋ¹³/
    /sei¹³/ 掃帚~
    Hohhot /ɕĩŋ³¹/ 星~
    /ɕi³¹/ 河~~
    Wu Shanghai /ɕiŋ⁵³/
    Suzhou /sin⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /ɕin³³/
    Wenzhou /seŋ³³/
    Hui Shexian /siʌ̃³¹/
    Tunxi /sɛ¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /din³³/
    Xiangtan /sian³³/
    /sin³³/
    Gan Nanchang /ɕiɑŋ⁴²/
    /ɕin⁴²/ ~子縣
    Hakka Meixian /sen⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sen²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /seŋ⁵³/
    Nanning /ɬɛŋ⁵⁵/
    /ɬeŋ⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /siŋ⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /siŋ⁵⁵/
    /t͡sʰĩ⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /siŋ⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /saiŋ⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /t͡sʰẽ³³/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /seŋ²³/
    /sɛ²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (16)
    Final () (125)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /seŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /seŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /sɛŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /sɛjŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /seŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /sieŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /sieŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    xīng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    xīng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ seng ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*s-tsʰˁeŋ/
    English star

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 11371
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*sleːŋ/
    Notes

    Etymology 1Edit

    Baxter and Sagart (2014) reconstructs the Old Chinese as *s-tsʰˤeŋ, which can be analysed as a verbal root *tsʰˤeŋ (bright) with a prefix *s-. This reconstruction accounts for the Min initial *tsh- and the use of the character to write the word (OC *N-tsʰeŋ).

    Possibly related to (OC *sʰleŋ, “clear”) (Schuessler, 2007; Baxter and Sagart, 2014), in turn from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *(t)s(j)aŋ (clear; pure; clean).

    Proto-Kiranti *saŋ (star) either develops from a parallel Sino-Tibetan root (Schuessler, 2007) or derives from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-kar (star) (STEDT).

    DefinitionsEdit

     
    Five-pointed star shape
    1. star; planet; heavenly body (Classifier: m;  c mn)
      星星  ―  xīngxing  ―  star
      /   ―  héngxīng  ―  (fixed) star
    2. star-shaped object
    3. star; celebrity
        ―  míngxīng  ―  bright star; celebrity
    4. weight marks on a steelyard
    5. a bit; a tiny bit
    6. tiny; minute
    7. whitish; white
    8. numerous and scattered everywhere; countless
    9. rapid; flying
    10. Synonym of 碰鈴碰铃 (pènglíng).
    11. (dated or informal) Short for 星加坡 (Xīngjiāpō, “Singapore”).
      馬泰 / 马泰  ―  Xīng Mǎ Tài  ―  Singapore, Malaysia and Thailand
    12. A surname​.
    SynonymsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    Sino-Xenic ():
    • Japanese: (せい) (sei)
    • Korean: (, seong)
    • Vietnamese: tinh ()

    Etymology 2Edit

    Orthographic borrowing from Japanese (ほし) (Hoshi).

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. Hoshi (a Japanese surname)

    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    Etymology 1Edit

    Kanji in this term
    ほし
    Grade: 2
    kun’yomi
     
    Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia ja
     
    English Wikipedia has an article on:
    Wikipedia

    /posi//ɸoɕi//hoɕi/

    From Old Japanese.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (ほし) (hoshi

    1. a star (luminous celestial body)
      Synonym: 恒星 (kōsei)
    2. a star (concave polygon with regular, pointy protrusions and indentations, espeically used as a symbol to rate quality)
    3. (tarot) the Star
    4. (loosely) a celestial body
      Synonym: 天体 (tentai)
    5. (by extension of a star's movement) time, years
    6. (sumo) a round mark indicating a victory or defeat in a bout
    7. a 家紋 (kamon, family crest) with various representations of a star
    8. a star (actor in a leading role)
    9. an objective
      Synonym: 目星 (meboshi)
    10. a kagura song sung at the end of a 御神楽 (mikagura)

    CitationsEdit

    For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:星.

    Derived termsEdit

    See alsoEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (ほし) (Hoshi

    1. a surname

    Etymology 2Edit

    Kanji in this term
    せい
    Grade: 2
    kan’on

    From Middle Chinese (MC seŋ).

    The Singapore sense derives from the pre-World War Two kanji spelling 星加坡 (modern kanji spelling 新加坡) as borrowed from Chinese, itself a transliteration of Malay Singapura.

    PronunciationEdit

    Proper nounEdit

    (せい) (Sei

    1. one of the Twenty-Eight Mansions in the Chinese system of constellations
    2. (abbreviation) Singapore

    SuffixEdit

    (せい) (-sei

    1. (loosely, especially fiction) attached to names of planets
      • 1996 February 20 [Feb 15 1988], Adachi, Mitsuru, “なにがなんだか 前編 [What’s What: First Chapter]”, in SHORT PROGRAMショート・プログラム [SHORT PROGRAM], volume 1 (fiction), 25th edition, Tokyo: Shogakukan, →ISBN, page 256:
        ——あ、わたくしマキシムAGFです。リプトン(せい)からやってまいりました。()(きゅう)(さむ)さにおどろいてます。どぞよろしく。
        ——A, watakushi Makishimu Ējīefu desu. Riputon-sei kara yatte mairimashita. Chikyū no samusa ni odoroitemasu. Dozo yoroshiku.
        ——Oh, my name is Maxim AGF. I came here from planet Lipton. I’m still taken aback by Earth’s coldness. It is a pleasure to meet all of you.
    Derived termsEdit

    AffixEdit

    (せい) (sei

    1. star, celestial body
    2. passing of time
    3. star, celebrity
    Derived termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (byeol seong))

    1. star, planet

    CompoundsEdit


    Old JapaneseEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    From Proto-Japonic *pəsi.

    NounEdit

    (posi) (kana ほし)

    1. a star

    CitationsEdit

    For quotations of use of this term, see Citations:星.

    Derived termsEdit

    DescendantsEdit

    • Japanese: (hoshi)

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tinh, tình)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.