ChineseEdit

confuse star; satellite; small amount
simp. and trad.
(惑星)

PronunciationEdit


NounEdit

惑星

  1. (astronomy, rare) Synonym of 行星 (xíngxīng, “planet”). (Classifier: m)

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
わく
Grade: S
せい
Grade: 2
goon kan’on
 
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惑星 (wakusei): a collection of planets.

EtymologyEdit

Wasei kango: Calque of Dutch dwaalster (literally wander star), composed as a compound of (waku, to move about confusedly, to wander) +‎ (sei, star).

Coined in 1792 by Dutch-Japanese translator 本木良永 (Motoki Yoshinaga) in his 太陽窮理了解 (Taiyō Kyūri Ryōkai Setsu, Theory of Understanding on the Natural Study of the Sun), a translation of Copernicus's De revolutionibus orbium coelestium and its heliocentric model.[1]

Also cited in the 1805 work 和蘭通舶 (Oranda Tsūhaku, Holland Liner) by 司馬江漢 (Shiba Kōkan).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(わく)(せい) (wakusei

  1. [from 1792] (astronomy) planet
    あの(ほし)(こう)(せい)じゃなくて、(わく)(せい)です。
    Ano hoshi wa kōsei ja nakute, wakusei desu.
    That light isn't a star, it's a planet.
    Synonyms: 遊星 (yūsei), (perceived as the Chinese term) 行星 (kōsei)
  2. [from 1933] (archaic) a dark horse
    (せい)(かい)(わく)(せい)
    seikai no wakusei
    a dark horse in the political world
    Synonym: ダークホース (dāku hōsu)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2017, 廣瀬匠 (Hirose, Shō), 『天文の世界史』 (Temmon no Sekai-shi, "World History of Astronomy"), page 29, Shueisha, Tokyo, →ISBN
  2. ^ 惑星”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[1] (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
  3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, →ISBN.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

惑星 (hokseong) (hangeul 혹성)

  1. Hanja form? of 혹성 (planet).