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See also:
U+6D95, 涕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D95

[U+6D94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D96]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85, +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 水金弓竹 (ECNH), four-corner 38127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 627, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17543
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1029, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1633, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6D95

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tʰiːl
*tʰiːl, *diːls
*tʰiːlʔ, *tʰiːls
*tʰiːlʔ
*tʰiːls, *diːls
*tʰiːls
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːl
*diːlʔ, *diːls
*diːlʔ, *diːls
*diːlʔ, *diːls
*diːls

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰiːlʔ, *tʰiːls): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *diːlʔ, *diːls).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (6) (6)
Final () (39) (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰeiX/ /tʰeiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰeiX/ /tʰeiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛiX/ /tʰɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛjX/ /tʰɛjH/
Li
Rong
/tʰeiX/ /tʰeiH/
Wang
Li
/tʰieiX/ /tʰieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰieiX/ /tʰieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ thejX › ‹ thejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l̥]ˁ[ə]jʔ/ /*[l̥]ˁ[ə]jʔ-s/
English tears (n.) tears (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2281 2285
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰiːlʔ/ /*tʰiːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tear (from the eyes)
  2. nasal mucus; snot; snivel

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 眼淚 (“tears”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese ,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼淚, 淚水, 淚液
Mandarin Beijing 眼淚兒
Taiwan 眼淚
Tianjin 眼淚兒
Harbin 眼淚
Hailar 眼淚
Ulanhot 眼淚
Tongliao 眼淚
Chifeng 眼淚
Bayanhot 眼淚
Jinan 眼淚,
Muping , 眼淚
Luoyang 眼淚
Wanrong 淚顆
Xi'an 眼淚
Xining 眼淚
Xuzhou 眼淚
Yinchuan 眼淚
Lanzhou 眼淚
Ürümqi 眼淚
Wuhan 眼淚
Chengdu 眼淚, 眼淚花兒, 眼淚水, 眼流水, 眼睛水兒, 眼睛水
Guiyang 眼淚水, 眼淚
Guilin 眼淚
Liuzhou 眼淚
Yangzhou 眼力水, 眼淚
Nanjing 眼淚 , 眼水
Hefei 眼水
Cantonese Guangzhou 眼淚 , 眼水
Hong Kong 眼淚 , 眼水
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 眼淚
Foshan 眼淚
Shunde 眼淚
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 眼淚
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 眼淚
Taishan 眼淚 , 眼水
Kaiping (Chikan) 眼淚
Dongguan 眼淚
Shaoguan 眼淚
Yunfu 眼淚
Yangjiang 眼淚
Xinyi 眼淚
Lianjiang 眼淚, 眼汁
Nanning 眼淚
Wuzhou 眼淚
Yulin 眼淚
Hepu 眼淚
Kuala Lumpur 眼淚
Gan Nanchang 眼淚
Lichuan 眼淚
Pingxiang 眼淚
Hakka Meixian 目汁
Xingning 目汁, 眼水
Huidong (Daling) 目汁
Qujiang 眼汁
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 眼水
Luchuan 眼水
Changting 目汁
Pingyu 目汁
Wuping 目汁
Liancheng 目汁
Ninghua 眼汁
Yudu 眼淚
Ruijin 眼泣水
Shicheng 眼鼻水
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目汁
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目汁
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目汁
Dongshi (Dabu) 目汁
Hsinchu (Raoping) 目汁
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目汁
Hong Kong 眼汁
Sabah 眼汁
Senai 眼汁
Singkawang 目汁
Huizhou Jixi 眼淚, 眼淚水
Jin Taiyuan 眼淚,
Xinzhou 眼淚
Baochang
Jining
Hohhot 淚蛋蛋
Baotou
Dongsheng 眼淚
Linhe 眼淚
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou 目澤, 目澤水
Min Dong Fuzhou 目滓
Fuqing 目滓
Matsu 目滓
Min Nan Xiamen 目屎
Quanzhou 目屎, 目滓
Zhangzhou 目屎, 目滓
Taipei 目屎
Kaohsiung 目屎
Tainan 目屎
Taichung 目屎
Wuqi 目屎
Hsinchu 目屎
Taitung 目屎
Lukang 目屎
Yilan 目屎
Magong 目屎
Penang 目油
Singapore 目屎
Philippines (Manila) 目屎
Pingnan 眼淚
Chaozhou 目汁
Shantou 目汁
Haifeng 目汁
Johor Bahru 目汁
Haikou 目汁
Leizhou 目汁
Puxian Min Putian 目滓
Xianyou 目滓
Pinghua Nanning 眼淚, 眼淚水
Guilin 眼淚
Wu Shanghai 眼淚水, 眼淚
Suzhou 眼淚, 眼淚水
Hangzhou 眼淚水兒
Wenzhou 眼淚, 眼淚水
Chongming 眼淚水, 眼淚
Danyang 眼月
Jinhua 眼淚
Tangxi 眼漏
Ningbo 眼淚水, 眼淚
Xiang Changsha 眼淚水, 眼淚
Shuangfeng 眼淚
Loudi 眼淚
Quanzhou 眼淚
Note † - from crying; ‡ - from irritation
Dialectal synonyms of 鼻涕 (“nasal mucus”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻涕
Mandarin Beijing 鼻挺
Taiwan 鼻涕
Harbin 鼻渟, 膿帶
Hailar 鼻涕, 鼻挺
Chifeng 膿帶
Bayanhot 鼻子
Jinan 鼻子, 鼻涕
Muping
Luoyang 鼻子
Wanrong 鼻子
Xi'an
Qingdao 鼻挺, 鼻清, 鼻子
Zhengzhou 鼻子
Xining 鼻子
Xuzhou 鼻子
Yinchuan 鼻子
Lanzhou 鼻子
Ürümqi 鼻子
Wuhan 鼻淟, 鼻子
Chengdu 鼻子, 鼻涕
Guiyang 鼻子, 鼻涕
Guilin 鼻涕
Liuzhou 鼻涕, 鼻水
Kunming 鼻子
Yangzhou 鼻子, 鼻涕
Nanjing 鼻子, 鼻涕
Hefei 鼻子
Nantong 鼻涕, 黃膿
Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻涕, 鼻水
Hong Kong 鼻涕, 鼻水
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 鼻膿
Foshan 鼻涕
Shunde 鼻涕
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 鼻水
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 鼻涕
Taishan , 鼻水
Kaiping (Chikan) , 鼻水
Dongguan 鼻膿, 鼻水
Shaoguan 鼻涕, 鼻水
Yunfu 鼻水
Yangjiang 鼻水
Xinyi
Lianjiang 鼻涕, 鼻水
Nanning 鼻涕
Wuzhou 鼻涕
Yulin 鼻涕
Hepu 鼻涕
Kuala Lumpur 鼻涕
Gan Nanchang 鼻涕
Lichuan
Pingxiang 鼻韌
Hakka Meixian , 鼻水
Xingning
Huidong (Daling) 鼻水, 鼻膿
Qujiang 鼻水
Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 鼻水
Luchuan 鼻水
Changting , 鼻水
Pingyu 鼻水, 鼻膿
Wuping 鼻膿
Liancheng 鼻水
Ninghua
Yudu 鼻水
Ruijin , 鼻水
Shicheng , 鼻水
Shangyou 鼻膿
Miaoli (N. Sixian) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
Liudui (S. Sixian) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
Hsinchu (Hailu) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
Dongshi (Dabu) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
Hsinchu (Raoping) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
Yunlin (Zhao'an) , 鼻水
Hong Kong 鼻膿
Sabah 鼻膿
Senai 鼻膿
Singkawang 鼻膿
Huizhou Jixi 痞鼻
Jin Taiyuan 鼻涕, 鼻子
Xinzhou 沫涕, 膿帶
Jining 膿帶
Hohhot 鼻子, 膿帶
Dongsheng 膿帶
Min Bei Jian'ou , 鼻水
Min Dong Fuzhou , 鼻水
Changle
Fuqing
Yongtai
Gutian
Fu'an
Shouning 鼻頭水
Zhouning
Fuding
Min Nan Xiamen , 鼻水
Quanzhou , 鼻水
Zhangzhou , 鼻水
Taipei 鼻水
Kaohsiung 鼻水
Tainan 鼻水, 鼻蚵
Taichung
Wuqi
Hsinchu
Taitung , 鼻水
Lukang
Yilan , 鼻蚵
Magong , 鼻水
Penang , 鼻水
Philippines (Manila) 鼻水
Pingnan 鼻涕
Chaozhou
Shantou
Johor Bahru
Wenchang
Haikou , 鼻水
Leizhou , 鼻水
Puxian Min Putian
Xianyou
Pinghua Nanning 鼻涕
Guilin 鼻涕
Wu Shanghai 鼻涕, 鼻涕水
Suzhou 鼻涕
Hangzhou 鼻涕
Wenzhou 鼻涕, 鼻涕水
Chongming 鼻涕
Danyang 鼻涕
Jinhua 鼻涕
Tangxi 鼻頭
Ningbo 鼻頭, 鼻頭水
Xiang Changsha 鼻竇膿, 鼻子
Shuangfeng 鼻頭膿, 鼻頭水
Loudi 鼻頭
Quanzhou 鼻涕

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (che))

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thế, thía

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