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See also:
U+6D95, 涕
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-6D95

[U+6D94]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+6D96]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 85 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 水金弓竹 (ECNH), four-corner 38127, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 627, character 4
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 17543
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1029, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1633, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6D95

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
tʰiːl
tʰiːl, *diːls
tʰiːlʔ, *tʰiːls
tʰiːlʔ
tʰiːls, *diːls
tʰiːls
diːl
diːl
diːl
diːl
diːl
diːl
diːl
diːl
diːlʔ, *diːls
diːlʔ, *diːls
diːlʔ, *diːls
diːls

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰiːlʔ, *tʰiːls): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *diːlʔ, *diːls).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (6) (6)
Final () (39) (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰeiX/ /tʰeiH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰeiX/ /tʰeiH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰɛiX/ /tʰɛiH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰɛjX/ /tʰɛjH/
Li
Rong
/tʰeiX/ /tʰeiH/
Wang
Li
/tʰieiX/ /tʰieiH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰieiX/ /tʰieiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ thejX › ‹ thejH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l̥]ˤ[ə]jʔ/ /*[l̥]ˤ[ə]jʔ-s/
English tears (n.) tears (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 2281 2285
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰiːlʔ/ /*tʰiːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. tear (from the eyes)
  2. nasal mucus; snot; snivel

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 眼淚 (“tears”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 眼淚淚水淚液
Mandarin Beijing 眼淚兒
Taiwan 眼淚
Tianjin 眼淚兒
Harbin 眼淚
Hailar 眼淚
Ulan Hot 眼淚
Tongliao 眼淚
Chifeng 眼淚
Baochang
Bayanhot 眼淚
Jinan 眼淚
Muping 眼淚
Luoyang 眼淚
Jiedian 淚顆
Xi'an 眼淚
Xining 眼淚
Xuzhou 眼淚
Yinchuan 眼淚
Lanzhou 眼淚
Ürümqi 眼淚
Wuhan 眼淚
Chengdu 眼淚眼淚花兒眼淚水眼流水眼睛水兒眼睛水
Guiyang 眼淚水眼淚
Guilin 眼淚
Liuzhou 眼淚
Yangzhou 眼力水眼淚
Nanjing 眼淚 眼水
Hefei 眼水
Cantonese Guangzhou 眼淚 眼水
Hong Kong 眼淚 眼水
Dongguan 眼淚
Hong Kong (Weitou) 眼淚
Taishan 眼淚 眼水
Yangjiang 眼淚
Nanning 眼淚
Wuzhou 眼淚
Yulin 眼淚
Hepu 眼淚
Kuala Lumpur 眼淚
Gan Nanchang 眼淚
Lichuan 眼淚
Pingxiang 眼淚
Hakka Meixian 目汁
Xingning 目汁眼水
Huidong 目汁
Qujiang 眼汁
Xiaosanjiang 眼水
Luchuan 眼水
Changting 目汁
Pingyu 目汁
Wuping 目汁
Liancheng 目汁
Ninghua 眼汁
Yudu 眼淚
Ruijin 眼泣水
Shicheng 眼鼻水
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 目汁
Liudui (S. Sixian) 目汁
Hsinchu (Hailu) 目汁
Dongshi (Dabu) 目汁
Zhuolan (Raoping) 目汁
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 目汁
Hong Kong 眼汁
Sabah 眼汁
Senai 眼汁
Singkawang 目汁
Huizhou Jixi 眼淚眼淚水
Jin Taiyuan 眼淚
Xinzhou 眼淚
Jining
Hohhot 淚蛋蛋
Baotou
Dongsheng 眼淚
Linhe 眼淚
Haibowan
Min Bei Jian'ou 目澤目澤水
Min Dong Fuzhou 目滓
Fuqing 目滓
Matsu 目滓
Min Nan Xiamen 目屎
Quanzhou 目屎目滓
Zhangzhou 目屎目滓
Taipei 目屎
Kaohsiung 目屎
Tainan 目屎
Taichung 目屎
Wuqi 目屎
Hsinchu 目屎
Taitung 目屎
Lukang 目屎
Yilan 目屎
Magong 目屎
Penang 目油
Singapore 目屎
Philippines (Manila) 目屎
Pingnan 眼淚
Chaozhou 目汁
Shantou 目汁
Johor Bahru 目汁
Haikou 目汁
Leizhou 目汁
Puxian Min Putian 目滓
Xianyou 目滓
Pinghua Nanning 眼淚眼淚水
Guilin 眼淚
Wu Shanghai 眼淚水眼淚
Suzhou 眼淚眼淚水
Hangzhou 眼淚水兒
Wenzhou 眼淚眼淚水
Chongming 眼淚水眼淚
Danyang 眼月
Jinhua 眼淚
Tangxi 眼漏
Ningbo 眼淚水眼淚
Xiang Changsha 眼淚水眼淚
Shuangfeng 眼淚
Loudi 眼淚
Quanzhou 眼淚
Note † - from crying; ‡ - from irritation
Dialectal synonyms of 鼻涕 (“nasal mucus”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻涕
Mandarin Beijing 鼻挺
Taiwan 鼻涕
Jinan 鼻子
Xi'an
Wuhan 鼻淟鼻子
Chengdu 鼻子
Yangzhou 鼻子鼻涕
Hefei 鼻子
Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻涕鼻水
Hong Kong 鼻涕鼻水
Taishan
Yangjiang 鼻水
Gan Nanchang 鼻涕
Hakka Meixian 鼻水
Xingning
Huidong 鼻水鼻膿
Qujiang 鼻水
Xiaosanjiang 鼻水
Changting 鼻水
Pingyu 鼻水鼻膿
Wuping 鼻膿
Liancheng 鼻水
Ninghua
Ruijin 鼻水
Shicheng 鼻水
Shangyou 鼻膿
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻水鼻膿
Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻水鼻膿
Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻水鼻膿
Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻水鼻膿
Zhuolan (Raoping) 鼻水鼻膿
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 鼻水
Jin Taiyuan 鼻涕
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou 鼻水
Min Nan Xiamen 鼻水
Quanzhou 鼻水
Zhangzhou 鼻水
Taipei 鼻水
Kaohsiung 鼻水
Penang 鼻水
Philippines (Manila) 鼻水
Chaozhou
Wu Suzhou 鼻涕
Wenzhou 鼻涕
Xiang Changsha 鼻頭膿鼻子
Shuangfeng 鼻頭膿鼻頭水

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(che) (hangeul , revised che, McCune-Reischauer ch'e, Yale chey)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

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