See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
鼻-order.gif

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

The form of this character differs slightly between China and Japan:

in China: ,
in Japan:

That is, in China the bottom is (strokes T-junction), while in Japan the bottom is (strokes cross).

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
鼻-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(nose) + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 209 +0, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹山田一中 (HUWML), four-corner 26446, composition)

  1. nose
  2. first
  3. KangXi radical 209

Usage notesEdit

has lost its sense as “nose” (now means “self”), and 鼻 is now used to mean “nose”.

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1530, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2066, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4779, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F3B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *bi.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi³⁵/
Harbin /pi²⁴/
Tianjin /pi⁴⁵/
Jinan /pi⁴²/
Qingdao /pi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
Xi'an /pi²⁴/
Xining /pji²⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi⁵³/
Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /piʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /biɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /biəʔ³/
Hangzhou /biəʔ²/
/bɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /bi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰi²²/
Tunxi /pʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /pʰi⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pei²²/
Nanning /pi²²/
Hong Kong /pei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi²²/
/pʰi²²/ ~仔
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɛi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pĩ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fi²³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (3)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biɪH/ /bʱiH/ /biH/ /biH/ /biH/ /biH/ /bjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjijH › /*Cə-bi[t]-s/ smell (v.t.)
‹ bjijH › /*m-bi[t]-s/ nose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
612 1 /*blids/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. nose
  2. part of an object that protrudes or allows something to be penetrated
  3. pinhole
  4. (geography) cape
  5. (Min Nan) nasal mucus, snot
  6. initial, founding, beginning
      ―    ―  earliest ancestor, originator, founder
  7. (Min Nan, Hakka) to smell

SynonymsEdit

  • (nose):
Dialectal synonyms of 鼻子 ("nose")
Variety Location Words
Classical Classical
Mandarin Beijing 鼻子
Taiwan 鼻子
Xi'an 鼻子
Wuhan 鼻子
Yangzhou 鼻子
Chengdu 鼻子
Hefei 鼻子
Jinan 鼻子
Cantonese Taishan
Guangzhou 鼻哥
Hong Kong 鼻哥
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 鼻子鼻公
Hakka Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻空
Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻公
Taiwanese Raoping 鼻公鼻空鼻窟仔
Meixian 鼻公
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻公
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 鼻空
Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻公
Jin Taiyuan 鼻子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Chaozhou
Taipei 鼻仔
Xiamen 鼻仔
Wu Suzhou 鼻頭
Wenzhou 鼻頭
Shanghai 鼻頭
Xiang Changsha 鼻子
Shuangfeng 鼻頭

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nose

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Kanji in this term
はな
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はな, romaji hana)

  1. nose
  2. (elephant or elephant seal) trunk

EtymologyEdit

From pointing to one's nose to refer to oneself.

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana はな, romaji hana)

  1. first-person personal male pronoun; I, me

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tị)

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