U+9F3B, 鼻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F3B

[U+9F3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F3C]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Shinjitai
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

The form of this character differs slightly between China and Japan:

in China: ,
in Japan:

That is, in China the bottom is (strokes T-junction), while in Japan the bottom is (strokes cross).

Han characterEdit

(radical 209 +0, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹山田一中 (HUWML), four-corner 26446, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #209, (nose).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1530, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2066, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4779, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F3B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*piːds, *pids
*pʰiːds, *pʰrids
*pids
*pids
*pʰrids
*pʰrids
*blids
*bids

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *blids): semantic (nose) + phonetic (OC *pids). Originally written as (OC *ɦljids), before it was borrowed for the sense of “self”.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *bi(nose).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • pé - vernacular (noun);
  • bê - vernacular (“to smell”);
  • bĭk - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pi³⁵/
Harbin /pi²⁴/
Tianjin /pi⁴⁵/
Jinan /pi⁴²/
Qingdao /pi⁴²/
Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
Xi'an /pi²⁴/
Xining /pji²⁴/
Yinchuan /pi¹³/
Lanzhou /pi⁵³/
Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
Wuhan /pi²¹³/
Chengdu /pi³¹/
Guiyang /pi²¹/
Kunming /pi³¹/
Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ⁵⁴/
Pingyao /piʌʔ⁵³/
Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /biɪʔ¹/
Suzhou /biəʔ³/
Hangzhou /biəʔ²/
/bɑʔ²/
Wenzhou /bi²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pʰi²²/
Tunxi /pʰi⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Gan Nanchang /pʰiʔ²/
Hakka Meixian /pʰi⁵³/
Taoyuan /pʰi⁵⁵/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pei²²/
Nanning /pi²²/
Hong Kong /pei²²/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi²²/
/pʰi²²/ ~仔
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɛi²¹²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi⁴⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pĩ³¹/
Haikou (Min Nan) /fi²³/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (3)
Final () (15)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/biɪH/
Pan
Wuyun
/biH/
Shao
Rongfen
/bjɪH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/biH/
Li
Rong
/biH/
Wang
Li
/biH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/bʱiH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 612
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*blids/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. (anatomy) nose
  2. nose-like object; protruding part or the handle of an object
    1. pinhole
    2. (geography) cape
  3. initial; founding; beginning; original
      ―    ―  forefather; initiator
  4. (Min) nasal mucus; snot
  5. (Hakka, Min) to smell

SynonymsEdit

Dialectal synonyms of 鼻子 (“nose”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻子
Mandarin Beijing 鼻子
Taiwan 鼻子
Jinan 鼻子
Xi'an 鼻子
Wuhan 鼻子
Chengdu 鼻子
Yangzhou 鼻子
Hefei 鼻子
Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻哥
Hong Kong 鼻哥
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang 鼻子鼻公
Hakka Meixian 鼻公
Xingning 鼻公
Huidong (Huizhou) 鼻公
Qujiang 鼻頭
Xiaosanjiang 鼻公
Changting 鼻公
Pingyu 鼻公
Wuping 鼻公
Liancheng 鼻公
Ninghua 鼻公
Ruijin 鼻公
Shicheng 鼻公
Shangyou 鼻公
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻公
Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻公
Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻空
Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻公
Zhuolan (Raoping) 鼻公鼻空鼻窟仔
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 鼻空
Jin Taiyuan 鼻子
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen 鼻仔
Quanzhou 鼻仔
Zhangzhou 鼻仔
Taipei 鼻仔
Kaohsiung 鼻仔
Tainan 鼻仔
Taichung 鼻仔
Yilan
Lukang
Sanxia
Kinmen
Magong
Hsinchu 鼻仔
Malaysia 鼻管
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai 鼻頭
Suzhou 鼻頭
Wenzhou 鼻頭
Xiang Changsha 鼻子
Shuangfeng 鼻頭
Dialectal synonyms of (“to smell”)
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese
Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
Mandarin Beijing
Taiwan
Tianjin
Jinan
Xi'an
Wuhan
Chengdu
Yangzhou
Nanjing
Hefei
Cantonese Guangzhou
Hong Kong
Taishan
Yangjiang
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian
Xingning
Huidong (Huizhou)
Qujiang
Xiaosanjiang
Changting
Pingyu
Wuping
Liancheng
Ninghua
Ruijin
Shicheng
Shangyou
Miaoli (N. Sixian)
Liudui (S. Sixian)
Hsinchu (Hailu)
Dongshi (Dabu)
Zhuolan (Raoping)
Yunlin (Zhao'an)
Jin Taiyuan
Min Bei Jian'ou
Min Dong Fuzhou
Min Nan Xiamen
Quanzhou
Zhangzhou
Taipei
Kaohsiung
Chaozhou
Wu Shanghai
Suzhou
Wenzhou
Xiang Changsha
Shuangfeng

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nose

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Kanji in this term
はな
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はな, romaji hana)

  1. nose
  2. (elephant or elephant seal) trunk

EtymologyEdit

From pointing to one's nose to refer to oneself.

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana はな, romaji hana)

  1. first-person personal male pronoun; I, me

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bi) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tị)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.