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See also:
U+9F3B, 鼻
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-9F3B

[U+9F3A]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+9F3C]
鼻 U+2FA1C, 鼻
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-2FA1C
鼖
[U+2FA1B]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs Supplement 𪘀
[U+2FA1D]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 
Japanese
Simplified
Traditional

Alternative formsEdit

The form of this character differs slightly between China and Japan:

in China: ,
in Japan:

That is, in China the bottom is (strokes T-junction), while in Japan the bottom is (strokes cross).

Han characterEdit

(radical 209, +0, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹山田一中 (HUWML), four-corner 26446, composition)

  1. Kangxi radical #209, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1530, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2066, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4779, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F3B

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𢍂 second round simplified

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*piːds, *pids
*pʰiːds, *pʰrids
*pids
*pids
*pʰrids
*pʰrids
*blids
*bids

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *blids): semantic  (nose) + phonetic  (OC *pids). Originally written as (OC *ɦljids), before it was borrowed for the sense of “self”.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *bi (nose); compare Sichuan Yi (hnap bbit, nose; snot).

Alternatively, it may be from Proto-Sino-Tibetan *s-brit (sneeze; nose; swallow), whence Tibetan སྦྲིད (sbrid, sneeze), but there is no trace of r in Chinese (Schuessler, 2007).

In some modern lects, including Mandarin, Gan, Jin, Wu, and Xiang, and even in the literary layer of some Min dialects, the word reflects a form with final *-t. For example, in standard Mandarin, the word is pronounced (implying an old entering tone) instead of (the expected reflex from the departing tone in Middle Chinese). This is due to a phonological phenomenon in the northwest, either an early loss of *-s in the *-ts cluster before regular final cluster simplification occurred (Baxter, 1992), or a dialectal change from *-s to *-t (Pulleybank, 1998).

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • bei5 - “nose”;
  • bei5* - “nasal mucus”.
  • Gan
  • Hakka
  • Jin
  • Min Bei
  • Note:
    • pī - vernacular (noun);
    • bī - vernacular (“to smell”).
  • Min Dong
  • Note:
    • pé - vernacular (noun);
    • bê - vernacular (“to smell”);
    • bĭk - literary.
  • Min Nan
  • Note:
    • phīⁿ/phī/phǐ - vernacular;
    • pi̍t - literary.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /pi³⁵/
    Harbin /pi²⁴/
    Tianjin /pi⁴⁵/
    Jinan /pi⁴²/
    Qingdao /pi⁴²/
    Zhengzhou /pi⁴²/
    Xi'an /pi²⁴/
    Xining /pji²⁴/
    Yinchuan /pi¹³/
    Lanzhou /pi⁵³/
    Ürümqi /pi⁵¹/
    Wuhan /pi²¹³/
    Chengdu /pi³¹/
    Guiyang /pi²¹/
    Kunming /pi³¹/
    Nanjing /piʔ⁵/
    Hefei /piəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /piəʔ⁵⁴/
    Pingyao /piʌʔ⁵³/
    Hohhot /piəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /biɪʔ¹/
    Suzhou /biəʔ³/
    Hangzhou /biəʔ²/
    /bɑʔ²/
    Wenzhou /bi²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /pʰi²²/
    Tunxi /pʰi⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /pi²⁴/
    Xiangtan /pʰi⁵⁵/
    Gan Nanchang /pʰiʔ²/
    Hakka Meixian /pʰi⁵³/
    Taoyuan /pʰi⁵⁵/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /pei²²/
    Nanning /pi²²/
    Hong Kong /pei²²/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pi²²/
    /pʰi²²/ ~仔
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pʰɛi²¹²/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰi⁴⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /pĩ³¹/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /fi²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (3)
    Final () (15)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /biɪH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /biH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /bjɪH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /biH/
    Li
    Rong
    /biH/
    Wang
    Li
    /biH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /bʱiH/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2 2/2
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ bjijH › ‹ bjijH ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*m-bi[t]-s/ /*Cə-bi[t]-s/
    English nose smell (v.t.)

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 612
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*blids/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. (anatomy) nose
    2. nose-like object, protruding part
      1. handle
      2. pinhole
      3. (geography) cape
    3. initial; founding; beginning; original
        ―    ―  forefather; initiator
    4. (dialectal) nasal mucus; snot
    5. (Hakka, Min) to smell

    SynonymsEdit

    Dialectal synonyms of 鼻子 (“nose”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻子
    Mandarin Beijing 鼻子
    Taiwan 鼻子
    Harbin 鼻子
    Shenyang 鼻子
    Hailar 鼻子
    Ulanhot 鼻子
    Tongliao 鼻子
    Chifeng 鼻子
    Bayanhot 鼻子
    Jinan 鼻子
    Muping 鼻子
    Luoyang 鼻子
    Wanrong 鼻疙瘩
    Xi'an 鼻子
    Zhengzhou 鼻子
    Xining 鼻子
    Xuzhou 鼻子, 鼻主 dated
    Yinchuan 鼻子
    Lanzhou 鼻子
    Ürümqi 鼻子
    Wuhan 鼻子
    Chengdu 鼻子
    Guiyang 鼻子
    Guilin 鼻子
    Liuzhou 鼻子
    Kunming 鼻子
    Yangzhou 鼻子
    Nanjing 鼻子
    Hefei 鼻子
    Nantong 鼻子
    Malaysia 鼻子
    Singapore 鼻子
    Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻哥,
    Hong Kong 鼻哥,
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 鼻公
    Foshan 鼻哥
    Shunde 鼻哥
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 鼻哥
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 鼻哥
    Taishan 鼻哥,
    Kaiping (Chikan) 鼻哥
    Dongguan 鼻哥
    Shaoguan 鼻哥
    Yunfu 鼻哥, 鼻公
    Yangjiang
    Xinyi 鼻公
    Lianjiang 鼻哥
    Nanning 鼻哥
    Wuzhou 鼻哥
    Yulin 鼻公
    Hepu 鼻頭, 鼻公
    Kuala Lumpur 鼻哥
    Gan Nanchang 鼻子, 鼻公
    Lichuan 鼻公
    Pingxiang 鼻子
    Hakka Meixian 鼻公
    Xingning 鼻公
    Huidong (Daling) 鼻公
    Qujiang 鼻頭
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 鼻公
    Luchuan 鼻公
    Changting 鼻公
    Pingyu 鼻公
    Wuping 鼻公
    Liancheng 鼻公
    Ninghua 鼻公
    Yudu 鼻子, , 鼻公
    Ruijin 鼻公
    Shicheng 鼻公
    Shangyou 鼻公
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) 鼻公
    Liudui (S. Sixian) 鼻公
    Hsinchu (Hailu) 鼻空
    Dongshi (Dabu) 鼻公, 鼻公笐
    Hsinchu (Raoping) 鼻公, 鼻空, 鼻窟仔
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Hong Kong 鼻公
    Sabah 鼻公
    Senai 鼻公
    Singkawang 鼻空
    Huizhou Jixi 鼻孔
    Shexian 鼻頭
    Tunxi 鼻孔
    Jin Taiyuan 鼻子
    Xinzhou 鼻子
    Baochang 鼻子
    Jining 鼻子
    Hohhot 鼻子
    Baotou 鼻子
    Dongsheng 鼻子
    Linhe 鼻子
    Haibowan 鼻子
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Dikou
    Songxi
    Zhenghe
    Zhenqian
    Jianyang
    Wuyishan
    Shibei 鼻頭
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an 鼻公
    Ningde
    Shouning 鼻頭
    Zhouning
    Fuding 鼻頭
    Matsu
    Min Nan Xiamen 鼻仔,
    Quanzhou 鼻仔,
    Zhangzhou 鼻仔,
    Taipei 鼻仔,
    Kaohsiung 鼻仔,
    Tainan 鼻仔,
    Taichung 鼻仔,
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu 鼻仔
    Taitung 鼻仔
    Lukang , 鼻空
    Sanxia
    Yilan
    Kinmen
    Magong
    Penang 鼻管
    Singapore , 鼻空
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Haifeng , 鼻仔
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou
    Leizhou
    Puxian Min Putian 鼻空
    Xianyou 鼻空
    Pinghua Nanning 鼻子,
    Guilin 鼻孔
    Wu Shanghai 鼻頭
    Suzhou 鼻頭
    Wuxi 鼻頭
    Hangzhou 鼻頭, 鼻子
    Wenzhou 鼻頭
    Chongming 鼻頭
    Danyang 鼻頭
    Jinhua 鼻頭
    Ningbo 鼻頭管
    Xiang Changsha 鼻子
    Shuangfeng 鼻頭
    Loudi 鼻頭
    Quanzhou 鼻子
    Dialectal synonyms of 鼻涕 (“nasal mucus”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 鼻涕
    Mandarin Beijing 鼻挺
    Taiwan 鼻涕
    Harbin 鼻渟, 膿帶
    Hailar 鼻涕, 鼻挺
    Chifeng 膿帶
    Bayanhot 鼻子
    Jinan 鼻子, 鼻涕
    Muping
    Luoyang 鼻子
    Wanrong 鼻子
    Xi'an
    Qingdao 鼻挺, 鼻清, 鼻子
    Zhengzhou 鼻子
    Xining 鼻子
    Xuzhou 鼻子
    Yinchuan 鼻子
    Lanzhou 鼻子
    Ürümqi 鼻子
    Wuhan 鼻淟, 鼻子
    Chengdu 鼻子, 鼻涕
    Guiyang 鼻子, 鼻涕
    Guilin 鼻涕
    Liuzhou 鼻涕, 鼻水
    Kunming 鼻子
    Yangzhou 鼻子, 鼻涕
    Nanjing 鼻子, 鼻涕
    Hefei 鼻子
    Nantong 鼻涕, 黃膿
    Cantonese Guangzhou 鼻涕, 鼻水
    Hong Kong 鼻涕, 鼻水
    Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 鼻膿
    Foshan 鼻涕
    Shunde 鼻涕
    Zhongshan (Shiqi) 鼻水
    Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 鼻涕
    Taishan , 鼻水
    Kaiping (Chikan) , 鼻水
    Dongguan 鼻膿, 鼻水
    Shaoguan 鼻涕, 鼻水
    Yunfu 鼻水
    Yangjiang 鼻水
    Xinyi
    Lianjiang 鼻涕, 鼻水
    Nanning 鼻涕
    Wuzhou 鼻涕
    Yulin 鼻涕
    Hepu 鼻涕
    Kuala Lumpur 鼻涕
    Gan Nanchang 鼻涕
    Lichuan
    Pingxiang 鼻韌
    Hakka Meixian , 鼻水
    Xingning
    Huidong (Daling) 鼻水, 鼻膿
    Qujiang 鼻水
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang) 鼻水
    Luchuan 鼻水
    Changting , 鼻水
    Pingyu 鼻水, 鼻膿
    Wuping 鼻膿
    Liancheng 鼻水
    Ninghua
    Yudu 鼻水
    Ruijin , 鼻水
    Shicheng , 鼻水
    Shangyou 鼻膿
    Miaoli (N. Sixian) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
    Liudui (S. Sixian) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
    Hsinchu (Hailu) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
    Dongshi (Dabu) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
    Hsinchu (Raoping) , 鼻水, 鼻膿
    Yunlin (Zhao'an) , 鼻水
    Hong Kong 鼻膿
    Sabah 鼻膿
    Senai 鼻膿
    Singkawang 鼻膿
    Huizhou Jixi 痞鼻
    Jin Taiyuan 鼻涕, 鼻子
    Xinzhou 沫涕, 膿帶
    Jining 膿帶
    Hohhot 鼻子, 膿帶
    Dongsheng 膿帶
    Min Bei Jian'ou , 鼻水
    Min Dong Fuzhou , 鼻水
    Changle
    Fuqing
    Yongtai
    Gutian
    Fu'an
    Shouning 鼻頭水
    Zhouning
    Fuding
    Min Nan Xiamen , 鼻水
    Quanzhou , 鼻水
    Zhangzhou , 鼻水
    Taipei 鼻水
    Kaohsiung 鼻水
    Tainan 鼻水, 鼻蚵
    Taichung
    Wuqi
    Hsinchu
    Taitung , 鼻水
    Lukang
    Yilan , 鼻蚵
    Magong , 鼻水
    Penang , 鼻水
    Philippines (Manila) 鼻水
    Pingnan 鼻涕
    Chaozhou
    Shantou
    Johor Bahru
    Wenchang
    Haikou , 鼻水
    Leizhou , 鼻水
    Puxian Min Putian
    Xianyou
    Pinghua Nanning 鼻涕
    Guilin 鼻涕
    Wu Shanghai 鼻涕, 鼻涕水
    Suzhou 鼻涕
    Hangzhou 鼻涕
    Wenzhou 鼻涕, 鼻涕水
    Chongming 鼻涕
    Danyang 鼻涕
    Jinhua 鼻涕
    Tangxi 鼻頭
    Ningbo 鼻頭, 鼻頭水
    Xiang Changsha 鼻竇膿, 鼻子
    Shuangfeng 鼻頭膿, 鼻頭水
    Loudi 鼻頭
    Quanzhou 鼻涕
    Dialectal synonyms of (“to smell”) [map]
    Variety Location Words
    Classical Chinese ,
    Formal (Written Standard Chinese)
    Mandarin Beijing
    Taiwan
    Tianjin
    Jinan
    Xi'an
    Wuhan
    Chengdu
    Yangzhou
    Nanjing
    Hefei
    Cantonese Guangzhou
    Hong Kong
    Taishan
    Yangjiang
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian
    Xingning
    Huidong (Daling)
    Qujiang
    Lianshan (Xiaosanjiang)
    Changting
    Pingyu
    Wuping
    Liancheng
    Ninghua
    Ruijin
    Shicheng
    Shangyou
    Miaoli (N. Sixian)
    Liudui (S. Sixian)
    Hsinchu (Hailu)
    Dongshi (Dabu)
    Hsinchu (Raoping)
    Yunlin (Zhao'an)
    Jin Taiyuan
    Min Bei Jian'ou
    Min Dong Fuzhou
    Min Nan Xiamen
    Quanzhou
    Zhangzhou
    Taipei
    Kaohsiung
    Penang
    Chaozhou
    Wu Shanghai
    Suzhou
    Wenzhou ,
    Xiang Changsha
    Shuangfeng

    CompoundsEdit

    ReferencesEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. nose

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    Kanji in this term
    はな
    Grade: 3
    kun’yomi
    • (file)

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

    1. nose
    2. (elephant or elephant seal) trunk

    EtymologyEdit

    From pointing to one's nose to refer to oneself.

    PronounEdit

    (hiragana はな, rōmaji hana)

    1. first-person personal male pronoun; I, me

    Derived termsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun (ko bi))

    1. nose

    KunigamiEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぱなー, romaji phanā)

    1. nose

    MiyakoEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぱな, romaji pana)

    1. nose

    OkinawanEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana はな, romaji hana)

    1. nose

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (tị)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    YaeyamaEdit

    KanjiEdit

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana ぱな, romaji pana)

    1. nose

    YonaguniEdit

    KanjiEdit