TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
鼻-order.gif

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative formsEdit

The form of this character differs slightly between China and Japan:

in China: ,
in Japan:

That is, in China the bottom is (strokes T-junction), while in Japan the bottom is (strokes cross).

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Small seal script
鼻-seal.svg

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  ‎(nose) + phonetic .

Han characterEdit

(radical 209 +0, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹山田一中 (HUWML), four-corner 26446, composition)

  1. nose
  2. first
  3. KangXi radical 209

Usage notesEdit

has lost its sense as “nose” (now means “self”), and 鼻 is now used to mean “nose”.

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1530, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 48498
  • Dae Jaweon: page 2066, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 7, page 4779, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+9F3B

ChineseEdit

-
simp. and trad.

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *bi.

PronunciationEdit


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (鼻), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 並 (3)
Final: 脂
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 毗至切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/biɪH/ /bʱiH/ /biH/ /biH/ /biH/ /biH/ /bjɪH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ bjijH › /*Cə-bi[t]-s/ smell (v.t.)
‹ bjijH › /*m-bi[t]-s/ nose

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
612 1 /*blids/

NounEdit

  1. nose
  2. part of an object that protrudes or allows something to be penetrated
  3. pinhole
  4. (geography) cape
  5. (Min Nan) nasal mucus, snot

CompoundsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

  1. initial, founding, beginning
      ―    ―  earliest ancestor, originator, founder

VerbEdit

  1. (Min Nan, Hakka) to smell

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. nose

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Kanji in this term
はな
Grade: 3
kun'yomi

NounEdit

‎(hiragana はな, romaji hana)

  1. nose

EtymologyEdit

From pointing to one's nose to refer to oneself.

PronounEdit

‎(hiragana はな, romaji hana)

  1. first-person personal male pronoun; I, me

Derived termsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bi) (hangeul , revised bi, McCune-Reischauer pi, Yale pi)

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VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(tị)

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