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See also: and 𫌓
U+79AE, 禮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79AE

[U+79AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79AF]
U+F9B6, 禮
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9B6

[U+F9B5]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9B7]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative formsEdit

In Traditional Chinese, the component on the left of U+79AE is . In Korean hanja and Japanese kyūjitai, the component on the left of U+79AE is rather than , which is also the historical form that appears in the Kangxi dictionary. A CJK compatibility ideograph exists at U+F9B6 to reflect the form found in the Kangxi dictionary.

Han characterEdit

(radical 113, +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 戈火廿田廿 (IFTWT), four-corner 35218, composition(GHTV) or ⿰(JK or U+F9B6))

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 847, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 24844
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1268, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2409, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+79AE

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms
 

𠃞 ancient form
𤔑 ancient form
𥜨
𥜪
𥘆

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Ancient script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r̥ʰiːʔ
*r̥ʰiːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *riːʔ): semantic  (altar) + phonetic  (OC *riːʔ) – performing rites at the altar.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • loi2 - vernacular;
  • li2 - literary.
  • Wu

  • Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (37)
    Final () (39)
    Tone (調) Rising (X)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () IV
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /leiX/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /leiX/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /lɛiX/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /lɛjX/
    Li
    Rong
    /leiX/
    Wang
    Li
    /lieiX/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /lieiX/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ lejX ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*[r]ˁijʔ/
    English propriety, ceremony

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 7839
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    2
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*riːʔ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. present; gift (Classifier: m c)
    2. ritual; rite
    3. etiquette
    4. ceremony
    5. salute
    6. 48th tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "ritual" (𝌵)

    Usage notesEdit

    Usually, a single () refers to a gift that involves more serious social interaction. For gifts between friends, 禮物礼物 (lǐwù) is used instead.

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. Kyūjitai form of (propriety; courtesy; politeness; etiquette)

    ReadingsEdit


    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (eumhun 례도/예도 (ryedo/yedo rye), South Korea 례도/예도 (ryedo/yedo ye))

    1. Hanja form? of (manners; etiquette).

    CompoundsEdit


    VietnameseEdit