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See also:
U+79AE, 禮
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-79AE

[U+79AD]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+79AF]
U+F9B6, 禮
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F9B6

[U+F9B5]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F9B7]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Simplified
Japanese
Korean

Alternative formsEdit

In traditional Chinese, the component on the left of U+79AE is . In Korean Hanja or Japanese kyūjitai, the component on the left of U+79AE is rather than , which is also the historical form that appears in the Kangxi dictionary. A CJK compatibility ideograph exists at U+F9B6 to reflect the form found in the Kangxi dictionary.

Han characterEdit

(radical 113, +13, 18 strokes, cangjie input 戈火廿田廿 (IFTWT), four-corner 35218, composition(GHTV) or ⿰(JK or U+F9B6))

Derived charactersEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit


ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
variant forms 𥜨 (historical variant)
𥜪 (historical variant)
𫌓 (corrupted form)

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Ancient script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*r̥ʰiːʔ
*r̥ʰiːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ
*riːʔ

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *riːʔ): semantic  (altar) + phonetic  (OC *riːʔ) – performing rites at the altar.

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • loi2 - vernacular;
  • li2 - literary.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (39)
Tone (調) Rising (X)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () IV
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/leiX/
Pan
Wuyun
/leiX/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɛiX/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/lɛjX/
Li
Rong
/leiX/
Wang
Li
/lieiX/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lieiX/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ lejX ›
Old
Chinese
/*[r]ˁijʔ/
English propriety, ceremony

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 7839
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*riːʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. present; gift (Classifier: m c)
  2. ritual; rite
  3. etiquette
  4. ceremony
  5. salute
  6. 48th tetragram of the Taixuanjing

Usage notesEdit

Usually, a single () refers to a gift that involves more serious social interaction. For gifts between friends, 禮物礼物 (lǐwù) is used instead.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for nameskyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. propriety, courtesy, politeness, etiquette

ReadingsEdit

Usage notesEdit

This spelling has been superseded in modern Japanese by the shinjitai form .


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(rye>ye)

  1. manners, etiquette

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(lễ, thanh, lạy, lẩy, lẫy, lẻ, lể, rẩy, lãi, lấy, lỡi, lởi, rẽ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.