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U+553E, 唾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-553E

[U+553D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+553F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口竹十一 (RHJM), four-corner 62014, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 194, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3785
  • Dae Jaweon: page 414, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 641, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+553E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*toːlʔ
*toːlʔ
*tʰoːl, *tʰoːls
*tʰoːls
*stol
*tol, *dols, *ɢʷɯ
*tol, *tjolʔ
*tols
*tols
*dol, *dols, *du
*dol, *dols
*dols
*tjolʔ
*djol
*djol
*djol
*djolʔ
*djols

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰoːls): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *djol).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰwaH/
Li
Rong
/tʰuɑH/
Wang
Li
/tʰuɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1661
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰoːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. saliva
  2. to spit
  3. to spit at; to spit with contempt
  4. to vomit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

See also 唾する

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
つばき
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Derived as the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of now-obsolete verb 唾吐く (tsubaku, to spit, to expectorate), itself from (tsu, saliva) + 吐く (haku, to expel from the mouth: to spit, to vomit, to exhale).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つばき, rōmaji tsubaki)

  1. spit, saliva

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
つば
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Appears to be a shortening of tsubaki above. Alternatively, may be a fusion of tsu below with particle (wa, originally pa in Old Japanese, combining in some cases as ba).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana つば, rōmaji tsuba)

  1. spit, saliva

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Appears to be the oldest form.[2] Possibly onomatopoeia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(hiragana , rōmaji tsu)

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) spit, saliva

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eum (ta))

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thóa/thoá

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.