U+553E, 唾
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-553E

[U+553D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+553F]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 口竹十一 (RHJM), four-corner 62014, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 194, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 3785
  • Dae Jaweon: page 414, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 1, page 641, character 14
  • Unihan data for U+553E

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *tʰoːls): semantic + phonetic (OC *djol).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (6)
Final () (95)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/tʰuɑH/
Pan
Wuyun
/tʰuɑH/
Shao
Rongfen
/tʰuɑH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/tʰwaH/
Li
Rong
/tʰuɑH/
Wang
Li
/tʰuɑH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/tʰuɑH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
tuò
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1661
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tʰoːls/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. saliva
  2. to spit
  3. to spit at; to spit with contempt
  4. to vomit

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

See also 唾する

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

ReadingsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
つばき
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Derived as the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of now-obsolete verb 唾吐く (tsubaku, to spit, to expectorate), itself from (tsu, saliva) + 吐く (haku, to expel from the mouth: to spit, to vomit, to exhale).[1][2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(つばき) (tsubaki

  1. spit, saliva

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
つば
Grade: S
kun’yomi

Appears to be a shortening of tsubaki above. Alternatively, may be a fusion of tsu below with particle (wa, originally pa in Old Japanese, combining in some cases as ba).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

(つば) (tsuba

  1. spit, saliva

Etymology 3Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Appears to be the oldest form.[2] Possibly onomatopoeia.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (tsu

  1. (archaic, possibly obsolete) spit, saliva

ReferencesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun (chim ta))

  1. Hanja form? of (saliva).

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: thóa/thoá

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.