Open main menu

Wiktionary β

See also: , , and
U+718F, 熏
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-718F

[U+718E]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7190]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 86 +10, 14 strokes, cangjie input 竹土火 (HGF), four-corner 20331)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 679, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 19300
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1091, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 2226, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+718F

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
alt. forms

𤑕

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Western Zhou Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tqʰun
*qʰun, *qʰuns
*qʰun
*qʰun
*qʰun
*qʰun
*qʰun
*qʰun
*qʰun
*qʰun, *qʰuns
*qʰuns

Etymology 1Edit

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kəw-n/t (smoke). Compare also (OC *qʰun, “smelling vegetables”).

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (32)
Final () (59)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/hɨun/
Pan
Wuyun
/hiun/
Shao
Rongfen
/xiuən/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/hun/
Li
Rong
/xiuən/
Wang
Li
/xĭuən/
Bernard
Karlgren
/xi̯uən/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
xūn
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
xūn
Middle
Chinese
‹ xjun ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰu[n]/
English smoke (v.); vapor, odor

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 14110
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
2
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*qʰun/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. smoke; fog
  2. warm (used in 熏風)
  3. to smoke; to cure meat (same as ); to smoke (same as )
  4. to infuse tea with scented flowers (same as )

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

PronunciationEdit


DefinitionsEdit

  1. suffocation due to coal gas

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. smoke
  2. darken

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(hun) (hangeul , revised hun, McCune-Reischauer hun, Yale hwun)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(hun, huân)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.