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EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

hun (plural huns)

  1. (informal) Alternative spelling of hon (affectionate abbreviation of honey)

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

hun (plural huns)

  1. A grey partridge.

AnagramsEdit


Alemannic GermanEdit

NounEdit

hun

  1. (Formazza) dog

ReferencesEdit

  • Umberto Patuzzi, ed., (2013) Ünsarne Börtar, Luserna: Comitato unitario delle linguistiche storiche germaniche in Italia / Einheitskomitee der historischen deutschen Sprachinseln in Italien.

BretonEdit

NounEdit

hun ?

  1. sleep

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hon.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hun c (singular definite hunnen, plural indefinite hunner)

  1. female, she

InflectionEdit

PronounEdit

hun (objective case hende, possessive hendes)

  1. (personal) she

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


DutchEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /ɦʏn/
  • (file)

Etymology 1Edit

PronounEdit

hun (personal)

  1. The dative case of the third-person plural personal pronoun: them, to them.
  2. (proscribed) The accusative case of the third-person plural personal pronoun: them.

PronounEdit

hun (personal) (dependent possessive) (independent possessive hunne)

  1. The third-person plural possessive pronoun: their.

Usage notesEdit

The difference between hen (as direct object) and hun (as indirect object) does not stem from actual language usage, but was created artificially by the prescriptive grammarian Christiaen van Heule in the 17th century in an attempt to differentiate between the accusative (direct object) and dative case (indirect object), a distinction that was then commonly made in the definite article and certain pronouns, but not the personal pronouns.

In practice, hen and hun have always been used interchangeably and many speakers are not aware or have trouble remembering when to use the one or the other, in part because of the rule's artificiality, in part because the distinction in form between the accusative and dative case has not been preserved anywhere else in the language. As a consequence, it is common to hear sentences like these:

  • Hij heeft hun verraden. (“He has betrayed them.”)
  • Ze zijn met hun uitgegaan. (“They have gone out with them.”)
  • Ik heb het hen gegeven. (“I have given it to them.”)

When the pronoun is unstressed, the problem can be circumvented by using the reduced form ze:

  • Hij heeft ze verraden.
  • Ze zijn met ze uitgegaan.
  • Ik heb het ze gegeven.

For more information, see the article in the Dutch Wikipedia.

InflectionEdit


Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Likely a replacement of or based on dialectal Dutch hullie or a variant thereof, which is a contraction of hunlieden or hunlui, a compound of hun ("them") + lieden or lui (both meaning "men, people"), which then translates roughly into "them-people". Possibly reinfluenced by or confused with the possessive hun. This etymology explains why usage of hun occurs only when referring to people, never to objects. Compare Afrikaans hulle, which also stems from hunlui, but is now used also for things. For more information, see the article in the Dutch Wikipedia.

PronounEdit

hun (personal)

  1. (proscribed, regiolectal, Netherlands) The nominative case of the third-person plural personal pronoun: they (only referring to people).

Usage notesEdit

  • The use of hun as a subject is considered incorrect or substandard by most speakers, both in written and spoken language, and only occurs in the Netherlands.

HungarianEdit

EtymologyEdit

  This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

hun (not comparable)

  1. of or relating to Huns

ConjunctionEdit

hun

  1. (regional) where (regional variant of hol)

NounEdit

hun (plural hunok)

  1. Hun

DeclensionEdit

Inflection (stem in -o-, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative hun hunok
accusative hunt hunokat
dative hunnak hunoknak
instrumental hunnal hunokkal
causal-final hunért hunokért
translative hunná hunokká
terminative hunig hunokig
essive-formal hunként hunokként
essive-modal
inessive hunban hunokban
superessive hunon hunokon
adessive hunnál hunoknál
illative hunba hunokba
sublative hunra hunokra
allative hunhoz hunokhoz
elative hunból hunokból
delative hunról hunokról
ablative huntól hunoktól
Possessive forms of hun
possessor single possession multiple possessions
1st person sing. hunom hunjaim
2nd person sing. hunod hunjaid
3rd person sing. hunja hunjai
1st person plural hununk hunjaink
2nd person plural hunotok hunjaitok
3rd person plural hunjuk hunjaik

LabelEdit

EtymologyEdit

Compare Tolai vudu and Patpatar hudu.

NounEdit

hun

  1. banana

ReferencesEdit

  • Ulrike Mosel, Tolai and Tok Pisin: the influence of the substratum on the development of New Guinea Pidgin (1980)

MalayEdit

NounEdit

hun (plural hun-hun, third person possessive hunnya)

  1. A unit of weight equal to one hundredth of a tahil.

MandarinEdit

RomanizationEdit

hun (Zhuyin ˙ㄏㄨㄣ)

  1. Nonstandard spelling of hūn.
  2. Nonstandard spelling of hún.
  3. Nonstandard spelling of hǔn.
  4. Nonstandard spelling of hùn.

Usage notesEdit

  • English transcriptions of Mandarin speech often fail to distinguish between the critical tonal differences employed in the Mandarin language, using words such as this one without the appropriate indication of tone.

Middle EnglishEdit

NounEdit

hun

  1. Alternative form of hund (hundred)

Middle WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

hun

  1. h-prothesized form of un

MizoEdit

NounEdit

hun

  1. time

North FrisianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Frisian hond. Cognates include Mooring North Frisian hönj and West Frisian hân.

NounEdit

hun f (plural hunen)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) (anatomy) hand
    a rocht(er)/lacht(er) hun
    the right/left hand

Norwegian BokmålEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Norse hon.

PronunciationEdit

PronounEdit

hun (accusative henne, genitive hennes)

  1. she

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

  • ho (Nynorsk)
  • hoe (Nynorsk)

ReferencesEdit


Old PortugueseEdit

ArticleEdit

hun

  1. Alternative form of ũu

TetumEdit

VietnameseEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Typical Central and Southern Vietnamese retention of medial *u, which often developed into ‹ô› (or ‹o›) in Northern dialects; later strengthened with the use of "slang" to avoid awkward situations. Compare rún vs. rốn, thúi vs. thối.

VerbEdit

hun ()

  1. Eye dialect spelling of hôn, representing Central Vietnam and Southern Vietnam Vietnamese.
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Non-Sino-Vietnamese reading of Chinese (SV: huân).

VerbEdit

hun (, , )

  1. to smoke (to preserve or prepare (food) for consumption by treating with smoke)
Derived termsEdit

WelshEdit

PronunciationEdit

NumeralEdit

hun

  1. h-prothesized form of un