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U+56CA, 囊
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-56CA

[U+56C9]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+56CB]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 30, +19, 22 strokes, cangjie input 十月口口女 (JBRRV), four-corner 00732)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 215, character 14
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 4633
  • Dae Jaweon: page 438, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 707, character 13
  • Unihan data for U+56CA

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han)
Small seal script
 
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*naːŋ
*naːŋ, *sraŋ, *hnjaŋs, *njaŋʔ
*naːŋʔ
*naːŋʔ, *naːŋs
*naːŋs
*naŋ, *njaŋ
*naŋ, *njaŋ
*naŋ, *njaŋ
*naŋs
*snaŋ, *snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ
*snaŋ, *njaŋs
*hnjaŋ, *hnjaŋʔ, *hnjaŋs
*njaŋ, *njaŋʔ, *njaŋs
*njaŋ
*njaŋ, *njaŋʔ
*njaŋ, *njaŋʔ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋ, *rnaːŋ
*njaŋ
*njaŋʔ
*njaŋʔ
*njaŋs
*njaŋs
*rnoːŋʔ

Ideogrammic compound (會意) – a tied bag (𣒚), with various items in it (𤕦). 𤕦 also serves as a phonetic element. There are many alternative forms. In the modern, standard form, the bottom turned into an abbreviated form of , with the result that the character is a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *naːŋ): abbreviated semantic  (bag) + abbreviated phonetic  (OC *snaŋ). Etymology best preserved in small seal script form.

PronunciationEdit


Note: nāng - only in Mainland, used in certain compounds (囊膪, 囊揣).
Note:
  • Zhangzhou, Taiwan:
    • lông - noun;
    • long - verb.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /naŋ˧˥/
    Harbin /naŋ˨˦/
    Tianjin /nɑŋ˦˥/
    Jinan /naŋ˦˨/
    Qingdao /naŋ˨˩˧/
    Zhengzhou /naŋ˦˨/
    Xi'an /naŋ˨˩/
    Xining /nɔ̃˦˦/
    Yinchuan /nɑŋ˥˧/
    Lanzhou /lɑ̃˦˦˨/
    Ürümqi /naŋ˥˩/
    Wuhan /naŋ˨˩˧/
    Chengdu /naŋ˧˩/
    Guiyang /naŋ˨˩/
    Kunming /nã̠˧˩/
    Nanjing /laŋ˨˦/
    Hefei /lɑ̃˥˥/
    Jin Taiyuan /nɒ̃˩˩/
    Pingyao /nɑŋ˩˧/
    Hohhot /nɑ̃˧˩/
    Wu Shanghai /nɑ̃˨˧/
    Suzhou /nɑ̃˩˧/
    Hangzhou /nɑŋ˨˩˧/
    Wenzhou /nuɔ˧˩/
    Hui Shexian /la˦˦/
    Tunxi
    Xiang Changsha /lan˩˧/
    Xiangtan /nɔn˩˨/
    Gan Nanchang
    Hakka Meixian /noŋ˩˩/
    Taoyuan /noŋ˩˩/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /nɔŋ˨˩/
    Nanning /nɔŋ˨˩/
    Hong Kong /nɔŋ˨˩/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lɔŋ˧˥/
    /nŋ̍˧˥/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /nouŋ˥˧/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /nɔŋ˨˩/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /laŋ˥˧/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔdɔŋ˧˩/
    /lɔŋ˧˩/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (8)
    Final () (101)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () I
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /nɑŋ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /nɑŋ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /nɑŋ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /naŋ/
    Li
    Rong
    /nɑŋ/
    Wang
    Li
    /nɑŋ/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /nɑŋ/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    náng
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    náng
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ nang ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*nˁaŋ/
    English sack, bag

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 13608
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    0
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*naːŋ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bag; pocket
    2. to bag up; to cover

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    Shinjitai

    Kyūjitai

    KanjiEdit

    (uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

    1. bag
    2. purse
    3. sack
    4. put in bag

    ReadingsEdit

    • On (unclassified): のう ()
    • Kun: ふくろ (fukuro, )

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (nang) (hangeul , revised nang, McCune–Reischauer nang)

    1. pocket
    2. bag

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (nang, nẵng)

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    ReferencesEdit