Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形):  +  – a bag of feed, hence livestock. Top was originally the string tying the bag, bottom was the bag.

Han characterEdit

(radical 102 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜女戈田 (YVIW), four-corner 00603, composition)

  1. livestock
  2. domestic animals

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 761, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21814
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1171, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2538, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+755C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²⁴/ 牲~
/ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵³/ ~牲
Tianjin /ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕy²¹/
Xining /ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiəu²¹³/ ~牧
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu²¹/ ~牲
/ɕiu²¹/ 牲~
Kunming /ɕiu³¹/
Nanjing /ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/ ~牧業
/t͡sʰuʌʔ¹³/ ~牲
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕioʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
/t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
/ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
Wenzhou /ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɕiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /hiuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /høyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰy²⁴/
/xy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiok̚²/
/tʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (10) (32)
Final () (136) (4)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨuH/ /hɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰiuH/ /hiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰiəuH/ /xiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuwH/ /huwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuH/ /xiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəuH/ /xĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯ə̯uH/ /xi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chòu xu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chù chù
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhjuwH › ‹ trhjuwk › ‹ xjuwH › ‹ xjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ<r>uk-s/ /*qʰ<r>uk/ /*qʰuk-s/ /*qʰuk/
English domesticated animals store (v.) domestic animal nourish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 13988 13994 13997
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰuɡs/ /*l̥ʰuɡ/ /*hluɡ/
Notes

NounEdit

  1. livestock, domesticated animal
      ―  jiāchù  ―  domesticated animal
  2. creature, beast
      ―  chùshēng  ―  beast, brute

Pronunciation 2Edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²⁴/ 牲~
/ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵³/ ~牲
Tianjin /ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕy²¹/
Xining /ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiəu²¹³/ ~牧
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu²¹/ ~牲
/ɕiu²¹/ 牲~
Kunming /ɕiu³¹/
Nanjing /ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/ ~牧業
/t͡sʰuʌʔ¹³/ ~牲
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕioʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
/t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
/ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
Wenzhou /ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɕiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /hiuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /høyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰy²⁴/
/xy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiok̚²/
/tʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (10) (32)
Final () (136) (4)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈʰɨuH/ /hɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈʰiuH/ /hiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶʰiəuH/ /xiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈʰuwH/ /huwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶʰiuH/ /xiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶʰĭəuH/ /xĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶʰi̯ə̯uH/ /xi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chòu xu
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/4 2/4 3/4 4/4
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chù chù
Middle
Chinese
‹ trhjuwH › ‹ trhjuwk › ‹ xjuwH › ‹ xjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*qʰ<r>uk-s/ /*qʰ<r>uk/ /*qʰuk-s/ /*qʰuk/
English domesticated animals store (v.) domestic animal nourish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3 2/3 3/3
No. 13988 13994 13997
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1 1 1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*l̥ʰuɡs/ /*l̥ʰuɡ/ /*hluɡ/
Notes

VerbEdit

  1. to feed, to nourish
  2. to raise, to bring up, to nurture
  3. to foster
  4. to submit, to obey
  5. to tolerate, to allow
  6. to keep
  7. (= ()) to store up, to accumulate

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chuk, hyuk) (hangeul , , revised chuk, hyuk, McCune-Reischauer ch'uk, hyuk, Yale chwuk, hyuk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(súc, húc, sục)

  • lục súc 六畜
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: súc

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
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