Contents

TranslingualEdit

EtymologyEdit

Pictogram (象形):  +  – a bag of feed, hence livestock. Top was originally the string tying the bag, bottom was the bag.

Han characterEdit

(radical 102 +5, 10 strokes, cangjie input 卜女戈田 (YVIW), four-corner 00603, composition)

  1. livestock
  2. domestic animals

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 761, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 21814
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1171, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2538, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+755C

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²⁴/ 牲~
/ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵³/ ~牲
Tianjin /ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕy²¹/
Xining /ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiəu²¹³/ ~牧
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu²¹/ ~牲
/ɕiu²¹/ 牲~
Kunming /ɕiu³¹/
Nanjing /ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/ ~牧業
/t͡sʰuʌʔ¹³/ ~牲
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕioʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
/t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
/ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
Wenzhou /ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɕiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /hiuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /høyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰy²⁴/
/xy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiok̚²/
/tʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (10)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈʰɨuH/ /ȶʰi̯ə̯uH/ /ȶʰiuH/ /ʈʰiuH/ /ʈʰuwH/ /ȶʰĭəuH/ /ȶʰiəuH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨuk̚/ /xi̯uk̚/ /xiuk̚/ /hiuk̚/ /huwk̚/ /xĭuk̚/ /xiuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chù ‹ trhjuwH › /*qʰ<r>uk-s/ domesticated animals
chù ‹ trhjuwk › /*qʰ<r>uk/ store (v.)
‹ xjuwH › /*qʰuk-s/ domestic animal
‹ xjuwk › /*qʰuk/ nourish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13988 1 /*l̥ʰuɡs/
13994 1 /*l̥ʰuɡ/ 甲金文從幺田,原意系養田獵所獲幼獸
13997 1 /*hluɡ/

NounEdit

  1. livestock, domesticated animal
      ―  jiāchù  ―  domesticated animal
  2. creature, beast
      ―  chùshēng  ―  beast, brute

Pronunciation 2Edit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵¹/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂʰu²⁴/ 牲~
/ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵³/ ~牲
Tianjin /ɕy⁵³/
Jinan /ɕy²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂʰu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ɕy²⁴/
Xi'an /ɕy²¹/
Xining /ɕy⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ɕy¹³/
Lanzhou /ɕy¹³/
Ürümqi /ɕy²¹³/
Wuhan /ɕiəu²¹³/ ~牧
Chengdu /ɕyo³¹/
/ɕy³¹/
Guiyang /t͡sʰu²¹/ ~牲
/ɕiu²¹/ 牲~
Kunming /ɕiu³¹/
Nanjing /ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ɕyəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /ɕyəʔ²/
Pingyao /ɕyʌʔ¹³/ ~牧業
/t͡sʰuʌʔ¹³/ ~牲
Hohhot /ɕyəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /ɕioʔ⁵/
Suzhou /ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
/t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
Hangzhou /t͡sʰoʔ⁵/ ~牲
/ɕioʔ⁵/ ~牧
Wenzhou /ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /ɕiuʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕʰiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ɕiəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ɕiəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /ɕiuʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /hiuk̚¹/
Taoyuan /hiuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡sʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡sʰok̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /hiɔk̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /høyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /tʰy²⁴/
/xy²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tʰiok̚²/
/tʰek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /sok̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: (10)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈʰɨuH/ /ȶʰi̯ə̯uH/ /ȶʰiuH/ /ʈʰiuH/ /ʈʰuwH/ /ȶʰĭəuH/ /ȶʰiəuH/
Character (), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: (32)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨuk̚/ /xi̯uk̚/ /xiuk̚/ /hiuk̚/ /huwk̚/ /xĭuk̚/ /xiuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chù ‹ trhjuwH › /*qʰ<r>uk-s/ domesticated animals
chù ‹ trhjuwk › /*qʰ<r>uk/ store (v.)
‹ xjuwH › /*qʰuk-s/ domestic animal
‹ xjuwk › /*qʰuk/ nourish

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13988 1 /*l̥ʰuɡs/
13994 1 /*l̥ʰuɡ/ 甲金文從幺田,原意系養田獵所獲幼獸
13997 1 /*hluɡ/

VerbEdit

  1. to feed, to nourish
  2. to raise, to bring up, to nurture
  3. to foster
  4. to submit, to obey
  5. to tolerate, to allow
  6. to keep
  7. (= ()) to store up, to accumulate

Proper nounEdit

  1. A surname​.

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(chuk, hyuk) (hangeul , , revised chuk, hyuk, McCune-Reischauer ch'uk, hyuk, Yale chwuk, hyuk)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(súc, húc, sục)

  • lục súc 六畜
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • Nôm: súc

ReferencesEdit

  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
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