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U+8C37, 谷
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8C37

[U+8C36]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8C38]
See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 150 +0, 7 strokes, cangjie input 金人口 (COR), four-corner 80608)

  1. Kangxi radical #150, (valley).

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1189, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36182
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1652, character 19
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 3902, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+8C37

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
       
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*lo
*loɡs
*loŋ
*loŋ, *loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ, *loŋʔ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋ
*loŋʔ
*ɦkroːɡ, *kloːɡ, *ɡ·loːɡ
*kloːɡ
*ɡloːɡ
*ljoɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ
*ɦkloːɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ
*loɡ

Pictogram (象形) — valley () in between two mountains.

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *kl(j)u(ŋ/k) (river; gorge). Cognate with Tibetan ལྗོངས (ljongs), Tibetan ཀླུང (klung) and Tibetan ལུང་པ (lung pa).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/4
Initial () (28)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/kuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/kuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/kuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/kəwk̚/
Li
Rong
/kuk̚/
Wang
Li
/kuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/kuk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
gu
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/3
No. 4299
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*kloːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. valley; gorge; ravine
  2. mountain stream
  3. (figuratively) difficult position; predicament
  4. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 3/4
Initial () (36)
Final () (8)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/jɨok̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/jiok̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/iok̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/juawk̚/
Li
Rong
/iok̚/
Wang
Li
/jĭwok̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/i̯wok̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 3/3
No. 4310
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡ·loːɡ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 吐谷渾吐谷浑 (tǔyùhún, “Tuyuhun: name of an ancient nomadic people in northwestern China”).

Etymology 3Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Rime
Character
Reading # 2/4
Initial () (37)
Final () (3)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/luk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/luk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/luk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ləwk̚/
Li
Rong
/luk̚/
Wang
Li
/luk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/luk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/3
No. 4298
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɦkroːɡ/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. Only used in 谷蠡 (“title for Xiongnu officials”).

Etymology 4Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“grain”).
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. valley

ReadingsEdit

PronunciationEdit

Kanji in this term
たに
Grade: 2
kun'yomi
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja
 
Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia ja

NounEdit

(hiragana たに, rōmaji tani)

  1. a valley (elongated depression between hills or mountains)

Proper nounEdit

(hiragana たに, rōmaji Tani)

  1. A surname​.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gok, yok) (hangeul , , revised gok, yok, McCune-Reischauer kok, yok, Yale kok, yok)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(cốc, góc, hốc)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.