See also:

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 118 +6, 12 strokes, cangjie input 竹心日 (HPA) or X竹心日 (XHPA), four-corner 88627, composition)

  1. bamboo shoot
  2. joint
  3. tendon

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 883, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25997
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1312, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2969, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+7B4D



ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /suən²¹⁴/
Harbin /suən²¹³/
Tianjin /suən¹³/
Jinan /ɕyẽ⁵⁵/
Qingdao /syə̃⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /syn⁵³/
Xi'an /suẽ⁵³/
Xining /suə̃⁵³/
Yinchuan /suŋ⁵³/
Lanzhou /sũn⁴⁴²/
Ürümqi /suŋ⁵¹/
Wuhan /sən⁴²/
Chengdu /sən⁵³/
Guiyang /sen⁴²/
Kunming /suə̃⁵³/
Nanjing /sun²¹²/
Hefei /sən⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /suəŋ⁵³/
Pingyao /suŋ⁵³/
Hohhot /sũŋ⁵³/
Wu Shanghai /səŋ³⁵/
Suzhou /sən⁵¹/
Hangzhou /sz̩ʷen⁵³/
Wenzhou /ɕoŋ³⁵/
Hui Shexian /sʌ̃³⁵/
Tunxi /sin³¹/
Xiang Changsha /sən⁴¹/
Xiangtan /dən⁴²/
Gan Nanchang /sun²¹³/
Hakka Meixian /sun³¹/
Taoyuan /sun³¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /søn³⁵/
Nanning /ɬɐn³⁵/
/ɬyn³⁵/
Hong Kong /søn³⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /sun⁵³/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /suŋ³²/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /sœyŋ²¹/
Shantou (Min Nan) /suŋ⁵³/
Haikou (Min Nan) /tun²¹³/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (16)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siuɪnX/ /si̯uĕnX/ /siuĕnX/ /sʷinX/ /swinX/ /sĭuĕnX/ /sjuenX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
sǔn ‹ swinX › /*s-qʷi[n]ʔ/ bamboo sprouts

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16392 1 /*sqʰʷinʔ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. bamboo shoot
  2. (Cantonese, slang) very good; get something without paying its actual value.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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ReadingsEdit


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(sun) (hangeul , revised sun, McCune-Reischauer sun, Yale swun)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(duẩn)

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