See also:
U+7AF9, 竹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AF9

[U+7AF8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AFA]
U+2F75, ⽵
KANGXI RADICAL BAMBOO

[U+2F74]
Kangxi Radicals
[U+2F76]

Translingual edit

Stroke order
 

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 118, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input (H), four-corner 88220, composition )

  1. Kangxi radical #118, .

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 877, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1305, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 5, page 2947, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7AF9

Chinese edit

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
               





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
 
Wikipedia has articles on:
  • (Written Standard Chinese?)
  • (Cantonese)
  • tek (Southern Min)
  • (Wu)

Pictogram (象形) – two bamboo stalks, with leaves. Earlier forms resembled + , current form resembles rather + .

Etymology edit

Compare Proto-Tai *b.twuːkᴰ (bamboo strip for tying or weaving), whence Thai ตอก (dtɔ̀ɔk, bamboo strip).

Pronunciation edit


Note:
  • tek/tiak - vernacular;
  • tiok - literary.

  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
/t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fu²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡su²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡suʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡suk̚¹/
Taoyuan /tʃuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡suk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /tiɔk̚³²/
/tik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Eastern Min) /tøyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Northern Min) /ty²⁴/
Shantou (Teochew) /tek̚²/
Haikou (Hainanese) /t͡sok̚⁵/
/ʔdiɔk̚⁵/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (9)
Final () (4)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter trjuwk
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ʈɨuk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/ʈiuk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/ȶiuk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ʈuwk̚/
Li
Rong
/ȶiuk̚/
Wang
Li
/ȶĭuk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ȶi̯uk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zhu
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
zuk1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zhú
Middle
Chinese
‹ trjuwk ›
Old
Chinese
/*truk/
English bamboo

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 17588
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*tuɡ/

Definitions edit

  1. (亞科) bamboo (Classifier: ;  m;  m;  c)
      ―  zhúzi  ―  bamboo
  2. (music) musical instrument made of bamboo
  3. a surname: Zhu

Synonyms edit

Compounds edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. bamboo

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term
たけ
Grade: 1
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *takai.

Theories on derivation include:[1][2]

  • From 長生 (takeou) or 高生 (takahae), in reference to the speed at which bamboo grows.
  • Cognate with (taka), (take), (take) "height".
  • From 高景 (takakake) or つらこえ (tsurakoe).
  • From ta meaning "tall" (高い (takai)) + ke, ancient form of (ki, tree).
  • A contraction of 痛快茎延へ (itakukihae), referring to the speed at which bamboo grows.
  • Ta is from Korean (dae, bamboo) (see also 대나무 (daenamu, bamboo, literally bamboo tree)), while ke is an ancient form of (ki).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

(たけ) or (タケ) (take

  1. bamboo
    (たけ)(とり)(もの)(がたり)
    Taketori Monogatari”
    The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter
  2. the middle of a 3-tier ranking system
    Hypernym: 松竹梅
    Coordinate terms: , ,

Derived terms edit

References edit

  1. ^ タケ”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
  2. ^ ”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten)[2] (in Japanese), concise edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000
  3. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006), 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tokyo: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  4. ^ NHK Broadcasting Culture Research Institute, editor (1998), NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 [NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK Publishing, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC trjuwk). Recorded as Middle Korean 듁〮 (tyúk) (Yale: tyuk) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 대나무 (daenamu juk))

  1. Hanja form? of (bamboo).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Nôm readings: trúc

  1. (Sino-Vietnamese) bamboo
  2. any bamboo species of phyllostachys

Compounds edit