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See also:
U+7AF9, 竹
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7AF9

[U+7AF8]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7AFA]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 118, +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹 (H), four-corner 88220, composition亇)

  1. Kangxi radical #118, .

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 877, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1305, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2947, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7AF9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Western Zhou Warring States Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Bronze inscriptions Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bronze inscriptions Chu Slip and silk script Qin slip script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
               





References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (Liushutong characters) and
  • Yinxu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*tuːɡ, *tuːɡ, *tuɡ
*tuːɡ
*tuɡ
*tuɡ, *duɡ
*tuɡ
*tuɡ

Pictogram (象形) – two bamboo stalks, with leaves. Earlier forms resembled + , current form resembles rather + .

PronunciationEdit


Note:
  • tek/tiak - vernacular;
  • tiok - literary.
  • Wu

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu³⁵/
    Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
    /t͡su²⁴/
    Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
    Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
    Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂu⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
    Xi'an /p͡fu²¹/
    Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
    Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
    Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
    Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
    Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
    Guiyang /t͡su²¹/
    Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
    Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂuʔ⁵/
    Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuəʔ⁵/
    Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
    Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
    Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
    Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
    Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu²¹³/
    Hui Shexian /t͡suʔ²¹/
    Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
    Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu²⁴/
    Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂəɯ²⁴/
    Gan Nanchang /t͡suʔ⁵/
    Hakka Meixian /t͡suk̚¹/
    Taoyuan /tʃuk̚²²/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚⁵/
    Nanning /t͡suk̚⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /t͡suk̚⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔk̚³²/
    /tik̚³²/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tøyʔ²³/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ty²⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /tek̚²/
    Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/
    /ʔdiɔk̚⁵/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Initial () (9)
    Final () (4)
    Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ʈɨuk̚/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ʈiuk̚/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ȶiuk̚/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ʈuwk̚/
    Li
    Rong
    /ȶiuk̚/
    Wang
    Li
    /ȶĭuk̚/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ȶi̯uk̚/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    zhu
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    zhú
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ trjuwk ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*truk/
    English bamboo

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    No. 17588
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*tuɡ/

    DefinitionsEdit

    1. bamboo (Classifier: ;  m;  m;  c)
        ―  zhúzi  ―  bamboo

    CompoundsEdit


    JapaneseEdit

    KanjiEdit

    (grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

    1. bamboo

    ReadingsEdit

    CompoundsEdit

    EtymologyEdit

    Kanji in this term
    たけ
    Grade: 1
    kun’yomi

    Theories include:[1][2]

    • From 長生 (takeou) or 高生 (takahae), in reference to the speed at which bamboo grows.
    • Cognate with (taka), (take), (take) "height".
    • From 高景 (takakake) or つらこえ (tsurakoe).
    • From ta meaning "tall" (高い (takai)) + ke, ancient form of (ki, tree).
    • A contraction of 痛快茎延へ (itakukihae), referring to the speed at which bamboo grows.
    • Ta is from Korean (dae, bamboo) (see also 대나무 (daenamu, bamboo, literally bamboo tree)), while ke is an ancient form of (ki).

    This etymology is incomplete. You can help Wiktionary by elaborating on the origins of this term.

    PronunciationEdit

    NounEdit

    (hiragana たけ, katakana タケ, rōmaji take)

    1. bamboo
       (たけ)取物語 (とりものがたり)
      Taketori Monogatari”
      The Tale of the Bamboo Cutter
    2. the middle of a 3-tier ranking system

    Coordinate termsEdit

    ReferencesEdit

    1. ^ タケ”, in 日本大百科全書:ニッポニカ (Nippon Dai Hyakka Zensho: Nipponica, Encyclopedia Nipponica)[1] (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 1984
    2. ^ たけ【竹】”, in 日本国語大辞典 (Nihon Kokugo Daijiten, Nihon Kokugo Daijiten) (in Japanese), 2nd edition, Tōkyō: Shogakukan, 2000, →ISBN
    3. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
    4. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

    KoreanEdit

    HanjaEdit

    (juk)

    • Eumhun:
      • Sound (hangeul): (revised: juk, McCune–Reischauer: chuk, Yale: cwuk)
      • Name (hangeul):
    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

    VietnameseEdit

    Han characterEdit

    (trúc)

    1. (Sino-Vietnamese) bamboo
    2. any bamboo species of phyllostachys