See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
竹-order.gif

Han characterEdit

(radical 118 +0, 6 strokes, cangjie input 竹 (H), four-corner 88220)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 877, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25841
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1305, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 2947, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+7AF9

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script
竹-bronze.svg 竹-bigseal.svg 竹-seal.svg

Pictogram (象形) – two bamboo stalks, with leaves. Earlier forms resembled + , current form resembles rather + .

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /ʈ͡ʂu³⁵/
Harbin /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
/t͡su²⁴/
Tianjin /t͡su⁴⁵/
Jinan /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Qingdao /ʈ͡ʂu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /ʈ͡ʂu²⁴/
Xi'an /p͡fu²¹/
Xining /ʈ͡ʂv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /ʈ͡ʂu¹³/
Lanzhou /p͡fu¹³/
Ürümqi /ʈ͡ʂu²¹³/
Wuhan /t͡səu²¹³/
Chengdu /t͡su³¹/
Guiyang /t͡su²¹/
Kunming /ʈ͡ʂu³¹/
Nanjing /ʈ͡ʂuʔ⁵/
Hefei /ʈ͡ʂuəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /t͡suəʔ²/
Pingyao /t͡suʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /t͡suəʔ⁴³/
Wu Shanghai /t͡soʔ⁵/
Suzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /t͡soʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /t͡ɕɤu²¹³/
Hui Shexian /t͡suʔ²¹/
Tunxi /t͡ɕiu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /ʈ͡ʂəu²⁴/
Xiangtan /ʈ͡ʂəɯ²⁴/
Gan Nanchang /t͡suʔ⁵/
Hakka Meixian /t͡suk̚¹/
Taoyuan /tʃuk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /t͡sok̚⁵/
Nanning /t͡suk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /t͡suk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /tiɔk̚³²/
/tik̚³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /tøyʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /ty²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /tek̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /t͡sok̚⁵/
/ʔdiɔk̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (9)
Final:
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʈɨuk̚/ /ȶi̯uk̚/ /ȶiuk̚/ /ʈiuk̚/ /ʈuwk̚/ /ȶĭuk̚/ /ȶiuk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zhú ‹ trjuwk › /*truk/ bamboo

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17588 1 /*tuɡ/

NounEdit

(classifiers (), (zhī), (gēn))

  1. bamboo
      ―  zhúzi  ―  bamboo
CompoundsEdit

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. bamboo

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Kanji in this term
たけ
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana たけ, katakana タケ, romaji take)

  1. bamboo
  2. the middle of a 3-tier ranking system

Coordinate termsEdit

  • ‎(まつ, matsu, pine, the highest rank)
  • ‎(うめ, ume, apricot, the lowest rank)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(juk)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: juk, McCune-Reischauer: chuk, Yale: cwuk)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(trúc)

  1. (Sino-Vietnamese) bamboo
  2. any bamboo species of phyllostachys
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