TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
空-bw.png

Han characterEdit

(radical 116 +3, 8 strokes, cangjie input 十金一 (JCM), four-corner 30101, composition)

  1. sky, empty, hollow, bare, void, deserted
  2. (Buddhism) sunyata; emptiness, vacuity, awareness, openness, thusness
  3. (Japanese Buddhism) "void": One of the 五大 (godai; lit. "great five); also known as (そら, sora) and is of particular importance as the highest of the five elements. It also represents those things that are beyond one's everyday experiences, particularly those things composed of pure energy.
    1. (Bodily) represents one's spirit, thought, and creative energy. It represents one's ability to think and to communicate, as well one's creativity. It can also be associated with power, creativity, spontaneity, and inventiveness.
    2. (Martial arts) a philosophy; when exercised, the power of the Void allows one to connect to the quintessential creative energy of the world. A martial arts practitioner, who is properly attuned into the 'Void', have greater spatial awareness of their surroundings, the presences of others, and to act without thinking and without using their physical senses, via this mindstate of inner peace.

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 863, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 25415
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1289, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2719, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+7A7A

CantoneseEdit

HanziEdit

(Jyutping hung1, Yale hung1)


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. sky
  2. empty
ReadingsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana そら, romaji sora)

  1. the sky
SynonymsEdit
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana から, romaji kara)

  1. empty
  2. ineffectual
    振り
  3. false
    元気
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana くう, romaji )

  1. empty air
  2. shunya
  3. meaninglessness

Etymology 4Edit

NounEdit

(hiragana うろ, romaji uro)

  1. cavity, hole

Etymology 5Edit

/utuho/: utupo → utuɸo → utuwo → utuo. See also (utsubo).

NounEdit

(hiragana うつお, historical hiragana うつほ, romaji utsuo)

  1. Alternative form of うろ.

Etymology 6Edit

Similar etymology to (utsuo). As /h/ gradually changed from [p] → [ɸ] → [w] → [Ø], the phoneme was voiced to [b] in order to maintain it.

NounEdit

(hiragana うつぼ, romaji utsubo)

  1. Alternative form of うろ.

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(gong)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): [[]] (revised: gong, McCune-Reischauer: kong, Yale: kong)
  • Name (hangeul):  (revised: bil)

MandarinEdit

PronunciationEdit

HanziEdit

(Pinyin kōng (kong1), kǒng (kong3), kòng (kong4), Wade-Giles k'ung1, k'ung3, k'ung4)

CompoundsEdit

NounEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin kōng)

  1. spare time

CompoundsEdit

  • 有空 (yǒukōng)

AdjectiveEdit

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin kōng)

  1. empty

CompoundsEdit


VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(không, khỏng, cung, khung)

Last modified on 13 April 2014, at 23:38