See also: and
U+5EA6, 度
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5EA6

[U+5EA5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5EA7]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 53, 广+6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈廿水 (ITE), four-corner 00247, composition广廿)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 345, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9313
  • Dae Jaweon: page 655, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 880, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5EA6

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Originally an ideogrammic compound (會意): (rock) + (hand) — hand measuring a piece of rock. Also a phono-semantic compound (形聲), with (OC *djaɡ) as a phonetic component. is then corrupted into ⿸广廿.

Shuowen considers it to be a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *daːɡs, *daːɡ): phonetic (OC *hljaɡs) + semantic .

Compare (OC *hljaɡs) and (OC *ljaːɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-twa (handspan). Cognate with Tibetan མཐོ (mtho, span; span of thumb and middle finger), Burmese ထွာ (htwa, to measure by a handspan; a quarter yard), အထွာ (a.htwa, handspan; quarter yard), တွက် (twak, to consider, to reckon; to calculate; to refuse to do things because others would not), အတွက် (a.twak, calculation; because of; for the sake of). It is unclear whether Proto-Mon-Khmer *cɗaʔ (span; handspan) (whence Mon (daˀ, to measure by spans of thumb and middle finger)) is related. Related to (OC *daː, “to plan; to consider; plan; map”).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/duoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/doH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɔH/
Li
Rong
/doH/
Wang
Li
/duH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ duH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˁak-s/
English measure (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 11902
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːɡs/
Notes
DefinitionsEdit

  1. linear measure; size; measures
  2. 52nd tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "measure" (𝌹)
  3. consideration; thought; expectation
  4. law; standard; rule; convention
  5. extent; limit; quota
  6. tolerance; open-mindedness
  7. degree; level; measure (often used to translate English -ness, -ity)
      ―  shēn  ―  depth
    /   ―  cháng  ―  length
      ―  liàng  ―  brightness; luminance
    可信  ―  kěxìn  ―  reliability; believability
      ―    ―  color saturation
    /   ―  yán  ―  salinity
  8. (graph theory) degree
  9. plan; design; programme
  10. to pass (time); to spend time
  11. to pass (physically); to go over
  12. (Buddhism) to say prayers or perform Buddhist service to release souls from purgatory
  13. (religion) to try to persuade someone to become a monk, nun or Taoist priest
  14. to write; to compose
  15. Classifier for degrees.
    旋轉90 / 旋转90  ―  xuánzhuǎn 90   ―  rotate 90 degrees
    東經120 / 东经120  ―  dōngjīng 120   ―  longitude 120° E
    絕對零 / 绝对零  ―  juéduì líng  ―  absolute zero
    攝氏20 / 摄氏20  ―  shèshì 20   ―  20 degrees Celsius
    1. (physics) Classifier for kilowatt-hour.
    2. (ophthalmology) Classifier for 0.01 dioptres.
      近視300 / 近视300  ―  jìnshì 300   ―  –3.00 dioptres
    3. Classifier for alcohol concentration: percent
      紅酒酒精 / 红酒酒精  ―  Hóngjiǔ jiǔjīng shí jǐ .  ―  Red wine is around 10% alcohol.
  16. (literary) Classifier for events or occurrences: time
      ―  zài  ―  one more time
  17. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dak̚/
Li
Rong
/dɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/dɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duó
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
duó
Middle
Chinese
‹ dak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˁak/
English measure (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11908
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːɡ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to speculate
      ―  cǔnduò  ―  to guess
  2. to measure; to estimate; to judge
  3. to devise
    • / [Cantonese]  ―  dok6 kiu4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  devise a smart idea
SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “related to etymology 1?”)

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

(Cantonese)

  1. Used to indicate location of something.
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“residence; dwelling; house; home; tomb; grave; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. degrees
  2. occurrence
  3. time
  4. counter for occurrences

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

NounEdit

(たび) (tabi

  1. time; whenever
See alsoEdit

CounterEdit

(たび) (-tabi

  1. times

SuffixEdit

(たび) (-tabi

  1. time

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3

SuffixEdit

() (-do

  1. (geometry) degree of an angle
  2. degree in temperature, scale, and so on
    • 2005 November 9, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “()(ソウ)(レン)(キン)ファイナル [Armed Alchemy: The Final Act]”, in ()(ソウ)(レン)(キン) [Armed Alchemy], volume 9, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      ()らえ ()(せん)(ひゃく)()(ほのお) ブレイズオブグローリイィ‼
      Kurae gosenhyakudo no honō Bureizu obu Gurōrīi‼
      Take this 5,100-degree flame, Blaze of Glory‼
  3. number of times
  4. percentage of alcohol concentration

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC duoH). Recorded as Middle Korean 도〯 (Yale: two) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 법도 (beopdo do))

  1. Hanja form? of (degree; law).

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC dɑk̚). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: thak) in Sinjeung yuhap (新增類合 / 신증유합), 1576.

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 헤아릴 (hearil tak))

  1. Hanja form? of (speculating; measuring).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [3]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(độ, dạc, đác, đạc, đọ, đủ, đù, dác, đo, đồ, đợ)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.