See also: and
U+5EA6, 度
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-5EA6

[U+5EA5]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+5EA7]

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
 

Han characterEdit

(radical 53, 广+6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 戈廿水 (ITE), four-corner 00247, composition广廿)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 345, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9313
  • Dae Jaweon: page 655, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 2, page 880, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+5EA6

ChineseEdit

Glyph originEdit

Originally an ideogrammic compound (會意): (rock) + (hand) — hand measuring a piece of rock. Also a phono-semantic compound (形聲), with (OC *djaɡ) as a phonetic component. is then corrupted into ⿸广廿.

Shuowen considers it to be a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *daːɡs, *daːɡ): phonetic (OC *hljaɡs) + semantic .

Compare (OC *hljaɡs) and (OC *ljaːɡ).

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

From Proto-Sino-Tibetan *m-twa (handspan). Cognate with Tibetan མཐོ (mtho, span; span of thumb and middle finger), Burmese ထွာ (htwa, to measure by a handspan; a quarter yard), အထွာ (a.htwa, handspan; quarter yard), တွက် (twak, to consider, to reckon; to calculate; to refuse to do things because others would not), အတွက် (a.twak, calculation; because of; for the sake of). It is unclear whether Proto-Mon-Khmer *cɗaʔ (span; handspan) (whence Mon (daˀ, to measure by spans of thumb and middle finger)) is related. Related to (OC *daː, “to plan; to consider; plan; map”).

Pronunciation 1Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (23)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/duoH/
Pan
Wuyun
/duoH/
Shao
Rongfen
/doH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dɔH/
Li
Rong
/doH/
Wang
Li
/duH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱuoH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dou6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle
Chinese
‹ duH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˁak-s/
English measure (n.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 11902
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːɡs/
Notes
DefinitionsEdit

  1. linear measure; size; measures
  2. 52nd tetragram of the Taixuanjing; "measure" (𝌹)
  3. consideration; thought; expectation
  4. law; standard; rule; convention
  5. extent; limit; quota
  6. tolerance; open-mindedness
  7. degree; level; measure (often used to translate English -ness, -ity)
      ―  shēn  ―  depth
    /   ―  cháng  ―  length
      ―  liàng  ―  brightness; luminance
    可信  ―  kěxìn  ―  reliability; believability
      ―    ―  color saturation
    /   ―  yán  ―  salinity
  8. (graph theory) degree
  9. plan; design; programme
  10. to pass (time); to spend time
  11. to pass (physically); to go over
  12. (Buddhism) to say prayers or perform Buddhist service to release souls from purgatory
    / 广  ―  guǎng  ―  to save (sentient beings) universally
  13. (religion) to try to persuade someone to become a monk, nun or Taoist priest
  14. to write; to compose
  15. Classifier for degrees.
    旋轉90 / 旋转90  ―  xuánzhuǎn 90   ―  rotate 90 degrees
    東經120 / 东经120  ―  dōngjīng 120   ―  longitude 120° E
    絕對零 / 绝对零  ―  juéduì líng  ―  absolute zero
    攝氏20 / 摄氏20  ―  shèshì 20   ―  20 degrees Celsius
    1. (physics) Classifier for kilowatt-hour.
    2. (ophthalmology) Classifier for 0.01 dioptres.
      近視300 / 近视300  ―  jìnshì 300   ―  –3.00 dioptres
    3. Classifier for alcohol concentration: percent
      紅酒酒精 / 红酒酒精  ―  Hóngjiǔ jiǔjīng shí jǐ .  ―  Red wine is around 10% alcohol.
  16. (literary) Classifier for events or occurrences: time
      ―  zài  ―  one more time
  17. (Cantonese) Classifier for doors.
    alt. forms:
  18. A surname​.
SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (7)
Final () (103)
Tone (調) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/dɑk̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/dɑk̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/dɑk̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/dak̚/
Li
Rong
/dɑk̚/
Wang
Li
/dɑk̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/dʱɑk̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
duó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
dok6
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 2/2
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
duó
Middle
Chinese
‹ dak ›
Old
Chinese
/*[d]ˁak/
English measure (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 11908
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*daːɡ/
DefinitionsEdit

  1. to speculate
      ―  cǔnduò  ―  to guess
  2. to measure; to estimate; to judge
    [Cantonese]  ―  jung6 baa2 cek3 dok6 haa2 [Jyutping]  ―  measure with a ruler
  3. to devise
    / [Cantonese]  ―  dok6 kiu4-2 [Jyutping]  ―  devise a smart idea
SynonymsEdit
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

simp. and trad.
alternative forms

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “related to etymology 1?”)

PronunciationEdit

DefinitionsEdit

(Cantonese)

  1. Used to indicate location of something.
    度度 [Cantonese]  ―  dou6 dou6 [Jyutping]  ―  everywhere
    唔通鎖匙 [Cantonese, trad.]
    唔通锁匙 [Cantonese, simp.]
    m4 tung1 ngo5 lau4 zo2 tiu4 so2 si4 hai2 gaa3 ce1 dou6? [Jyutping]
    Can it be that I left the key in the car?
    [Cantonese]  ―  haang4 maai4 keoi5 dou6 [Jyutping]  ―  walk near to him/her
SynonymsEdit

CompoundsEdit

See alsoEdit

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see (“residence; dwelling; house; home; tomb; grave; etc.”).
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. degrees
  2. occurrence
  3. time
  4. counter for occurrences

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term
たび
Grade: 3
kun’yomi

NounEdit

(たび) (tabi

  1. time; whenever
See alsoEdit

CounterEdit

(たび) (-tabi

  1. times

SuffixEdit

(たび) (-tabi

  1. time

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3

SuffixEdit

() (-do

  1. (geometry) degree of an angle
  2. degree in temperature, scale, and so on
    • 2005 November 9, Watsuki, Nobuhiro, “()(ソウ)(レン)(キン)ファイナル [Armed Alchemy: The Final Act]”, in ()(ソウ)(レン)(キン) [Armed Alchemy], volume 9, Tokyo: Shueisha, →ISBN:
      ()らえ ()(せん)(ひゃく)()(ほのお) ブレイズオブグローリイィ‼
      Kurae gosenhyakudo no honō Bureizu obu Gurōrīi‼
      Take this 5,100-degree flame, Blaze of Glory‼
  3. number of times
  4. percentage of alcohol concentration

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC duoH).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 똥〮 (Yale: ttwó)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Hunmong Jahoe, 1527[3] 법〮돗〯 (Yale: péptwǒ-s) 도〯 (Yale: twǒ)

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [to̞(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Long vowel distinction only applies at the initial position. Most speakers no longer distinguish vowel length at any position.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 법도(法度) (beopdo do))

  1. Hanja form? of (bound, limit, extent). [noun]
  2. Hanja form? of (degree). [dependent noun]
CompoundsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle Chinese (MC dɑk̚).

Historical Readings
Dongguk Jeongun Reading
Dongguk Jeongun, 1448 딱〮 (Yale: tták)
Middle Korean
Text Eumhun
Gloss (hun) Reading
Sinjeung Yuhap, 1576 혜아릴 (Yale: hyeyalil) (Yale: thak)

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

(eumhun 헤아릴 (hearil tak))

  1. Hanja form? of (to speculate; to measure). [affix]
CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [4]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Nôm readings: độ, dạc, đác, đạc, đọ, đủ, đù, dác, đo, đồ, đợ

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.