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ChineseEdit

phonetic
trad. (蘿蔔)
simp. (萝卜)
variant forms

EtymologyEdit

Unknown. This word has been attested in various forms since early Old Chinese, and is the source of many of the terms for "radish, turnip" in other languages in modern China. The basic form seems to be *rabuk.

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note: Often mispronounced as luóbō.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (37) (3)
Final () (94) (131)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Checked (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () I I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑ/ /bək̚/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑ/ /bək̚/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑ/ /bək̚/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/la/ /bək̚/
Li
Rong
/lɑ/ /bək̚/
Wang
Li
/lɑ/ /bək̚/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑ/ /bʱək̚/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luó

NounEdit

蘿蔔

  1. radish
  2. turnip
  3. daikon; Chinese radish
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 蘿蔔 (“daikon; Chinese radish”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 萊菔, 蘆菔, 紫花菘, 溫菘, 土酥,
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 蘿蔔
Taxonomic name 蘿蔔
Mandarin Beijing 蘿蔔
Taiwan 蘿蔔, 菜頭
Harbin 蘿蔔, 蘿貝
Shenyang 蘿蔔
Hailar 大蘿蔔
Ulanhot 大蘿蔔
Tongliao 蘿蔔
Chifeng 蘿蔔
Bayanhot 蘿蔔
Jinan 蘿蔔
Muping 蘿蔔
Luoyang 蘿蔔
Wanrong 蘿蔔
Xi'an 蘿蔔
Zhengzhou 蘿蔔
Xining 蘿蔔
Xuzhou 蘿蔔, 辣蘿蔔
Yinchuan 蘿蔔
Lanzhou 蘿蔔
Ürümqi 蘿蔔
Wuhan 蘿蔔
Chengdu 蘿蔔
Guiyang 蘿蔔
Guilin 蘿蔔
Liuzhou 蘿蔔
Kunming 蘿蔔
Yangzhou 蘿蔔
Nanjing 蘿蔔
Hefei 蘿蔔
Nantong 蘿蔔
Malaysia 蘿蔔
Singapore 蘿蔔
Cantonese Guangzhou 蘿蔔
Hong Kong 蘿蔔
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 菜頭
Foshan 蘿蔔
Shunde 蘿蔔
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 蘿蔔
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 蘿蔔
Taishan 蘿蔔
Kaiping (Chikan) 蘿蔔
Dongguan 蘿蔔, 蘿蔔菜
Shaoguan 蘿蔔
Yunfu 蘿蔔
Yangjiang 蘿蔔
Xinyi 蘿蔔
Lianjiang 菜頭
Nanning 蘿蔔
Wuzhou 蘿蔔
Yulin 蘿蔔
Hepu 菜頭
Kuala Lumpur 蘿蔔
Gan Nanchang 蘿蔔
Lichuan 蘿蔔
Pingxiang 蘿蔔
Hakka Meixian 蘿蔔, 長菜
Luchuan 蘿蔔
Yudu 蘿蔔
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 蘿蔔, 蘿蔔仔, 菜頭
Liudui (S. Sixian) 蘿蔔仔, 菜頭
Hsinchu (Hailu) 菜頭, 蘿蔔
Dongshi (Dabu) 蘿蔔, 菜頭
Hsinchu (Raoping) 菜頭
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 菜頭
Hong Kong 蘿蔔
Sabah 蘿蔔
Senai 蘿蔔
Singkawang 菜頭
Huizhou Jixi 蘿蔔
Jin Taiyuan 蘿蔔
Xinzhou 蘿蔔
Baochang 蘿蔔
Jining 蘿蔔
Hohhot 蘿蔔
Baotou 蘿蔔
Dongsheng 蘿蔔
Linhe 蘿蔔
Haibowan 青蘿蔔
Min Bei Jian'ou 蘿蔔
Min Dong Fuzhou 菜頭
Changle 菜頭
Fuqing 菜頭
Yongtai 菜頭
Gutian 蘿蔔
Fu'an 菜頭
Ningde 蘿蔔
Shouning 菜頭
Zhouning 菜頭
Fuding 菜頭
Matsu 菜頭
Min Nan Xiamen 菜頭
Quanzhou 菜頭
Zhangzhou 菜頭
Taipei 菜頭
Kaohsiung 菜頭
Tainan 菜頭
Taichung 菜頭
Hsinchu 菜頭
Lukang 菜頭
Sanxia 菜頭
Yilan 菜頭
Kinmen 菜頭
Magong 菜頭
Penang 菜頭
Singapore 菜頭
Philippines (Manila) 菜頭
Pingnan 菜頭
Chaozhou 菜頭
Shantou 菜頭
Haifeng 菜頭
Johor Bahru 菜頭
Haikou 菜頭
Leizhou 菜頭
Puxian Min Putian 菜頭
Xianyou 菜頭
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 蘿蔔
Guilin (Dahe) 蘿蔔
Wu Shanghai 蘿蔔
Suzhou 蘿蔔
Hangzhou 蘿蔔
Wenzhou 菜頭
Chongming 勞蔔
Danyang 老蔔
Jinhua 蘿蔔
Ningbo 蘿蔔
Xiang Changsha 蘿蔔
Shuangfeng 蘿蔔
Loudi 蘿蔔
Quanzhou 蘿蔔
MeronymsEdit
Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (蘿蔔):

Others:

Pronunciation 2Edit


NounEdit

蘿蔔

  1. (Min Dong, Min Nan, Puxian Min) carrot
SynonymsEdit
Dialectal synonyms of 胡蘿蔔 (“carrot”) [map]
Variety Location Words
Classical Chinese 胡蘿蔔
Formal (Written Standard Chinese) 胡蘿蔔
Taxonomic name 胡蘿蔔
Mandarin Beijing 胡蘿蔔
Taiwan 紅蘿蔔, 胡蘿蔔
Harbin 胡蘿蔔
Hailar 胡蘿蔔
Ulanhot 胡蘿蔔
Tongliao 胡蘿蔔
Chifeng 胡蘿蔔
Bayanhot 胡蘿蔔
Jinan 胡蘿蔔
Muping 胡蘿貝
Luoyang 紅蘿蔔
Wanrong 胡蘿蔔
Wanrong (Ronghe) 紅蘿蔔
Xi'an 紅蘿蔔
Zhengzhou 紅蘿蔔
Xining 紅蘿蔔
Xuzhou 胡蘿蔔, 小人參
Ürümqi 紅蘿蔔
Wuhan 胡蘿蔔
Chengdu 紅蘿蔔
Guiyang 紅蘿蔔
Guilin 紅蘿蔔
Liuzhou 紅蘿蔔
Kunming 黃蘿蔔
Yangzhou 胡蘿蔔
Nanjing 胡蘿蔔
Nantong 胡蘿蔔
Cantonese Guangzhou 紅蘿蔔
Hong Kong 紅蘿蔔, 甘筍
Hong Kong (San Tin Weitou) 紅蘿蔔
Foshan 紅蘿蔔
Shunde 紅蘿蔔
Zhongshan (Shiqi) 紅蘿蔔
Doumen (Shangheng Tanka) 紅蘿蔔
Taishan 紅蘿蔔
Kaiping (Chikan) 紅蘿蔔
Dongguan 紅蘿蔔
Shaoguan 紅蘿蔔
Yunfu 紅蘿蔔
Xinyi 紅蘿蔔
Lianjiang 紅菜頭
Nanning 胡蘿蔔
Wuzhou 胡蘿蔔
Yulin 胡蘿蔔
Hepu 紅菜頭
Kuala Lumpur 紅蘿蔔, carrot
Gan Nanchang 紅蘿蔔
Lichuan 紅蘿蔔
Pingxiang 紅蘿蔔
Hakka Meixian 紅蘿蔔
Luchuan 紅蘿蔔
Yudu 胡蘿蔔, 紅蘿蔔
Miaoli (N. Sixian) 紅蘿蔔, 紅菜頭, 仁蔘
Liudui (S. Sixian) 紅蘿蔔, 紅菜頭, 仁蔘
Hsinchu (Hailu) 紅菜頭, 仁蔘
Dongshi (Dabu) 紅菜頭, 仁蔘
Hsinchu (Raoping) 紅菜頭, 仁蔘
Yunlin (Zhao'an) 紅菜頭, 仁蔘
Hong Kong 紅蘿蔔
Sabah 紅蘿蔔
Senai 紅蘿蔔
Singkawang 紅菜頭
Huizhou Jixi 紅蘿蔔, 胡蘿蔔
Jin Taiyuan 胡蘿蔔
Xinzhou 胡蘿蔔
Baochang 胡蘿蔔
Jining 胡蘿蔔
Hohhot 黃蘿蔔
Baotou 胡蘿蔔
Dongsheng 蘿蔔
Linhe 黃蘿蔔
Haibowan 黃蘿蔔
Min Bei Jian'ou 紅蘿蔔
Min Dong Fuzhou 蘿蔔, 紅蘿蔔
Fuqing 紅蘿蔔
Matsu 紅菜頭
Min Nan Xiamen 蘿蔔, 蘿蔔菜, 紅蘿蔔, 紅菜頭
Quanzhou 蘿蔔, 蘿蔔菜, 紅蘿蔔
Zhangzhou 紅菜頭, 番仔菜頭
Taipei li̋n-jín, 紅菜頭, 紅蘿蔔仔
Kaohsiung ji̋n-jín, 紅菜頭
Tainan ji̋n-jín, 紅菜頭
Taichung ji̋n-jín
Hsinchu li̋n-jín, 紅菜頭
Lukang li̋n-chín, 紅菜頭
Sanxia ji̋n-jín, 紅菜頭
Yilan li̋n-chín, 紅菜頭
Kinmen 紅菜頭
Magong jîn-jîn
Penang 紅菜頭
Pingnan 胡菜頭
Chaozhou 紅菜頭
Shantou 紅菜頭
Johor Bahru 紅菜頭
Haikou 紅菜頭
Leizhou 紅菜頭
Puxian Min Putian 蘿蔔
Xianyou 蘿蔔
Pinghua Nanning (Tingzi) 胡蘿蔔, 紅蘿蔔
Guilin (Dahe) 紅蘿蔔
Wu Shanghai 紅蘿蔔, 胡蘿蔔
Suzhou 胡蘿蔔, 黃蘿蔔
Hangzhou 胡蘿蔔, 藥性蘿蔔, 羊喫蘿蔔 dated
Wenzhou 紅菜
Chongming 紅勞蔔
Danyang 胡老蔔
Jinhua 紅蘿蔔
Ningbo 胡蘿蔔
Xiang Changsha 紅蘿蔔, 胡蘿蔔
Loudi 紅蘿蔔
Quanzhou 胡蘿蔔

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term

Hyōgaiji
ふく
Hyōgaiji

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

蘿蔔 (hiragana らふく, rōmaji rafuku)

  1. daikon radish