See also:
U+7F85, 羅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7F85

[U+7F84]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7F86]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 122, +14, 19 strokes, cangjie input 田中女火土 (WLVFG), four-corner 60914, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 950, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28397
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1392, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2928, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7F85

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms 𪜀

Glyph originEdit

Ideogrammic compound (會意): (net) + (bird (tied with string)) — net for catching birds.

EtymologyEdit

Perhaps related to Tibetan དྲ (dra, net), but the rimes do not agree (Schuessler, 2007).

Meaning "gross (144)" is borrowed from English.

PronunciationEdit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luo³⁵/
Harbin /luo²⁴/
Tianjin /luo⁴⁵/
Jinan /luə⁴²/
Qingdao /luə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luo⁴²/
Xi'an /luo²⁴/
Xining /lu²⁴/
Yinchuan /luə⁵³/
Lanzhou /luə⁵³/
Ürümqi /luɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nuo²¹³/
Chengdu /no³¹/
Guiyang /no²¹/
Kunming /lo³¹/
Nanjing /lo²⁴/
Hefei /lʊ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /lɤ¹¹/
Pingyao /lei¹³/
Hohhot /luɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /lu²³/
Suzhou /ləu¹³/
Hangzhou /lo²¹³/
Wenzhou /lɤu³¹/
Hui Shexian /lo⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lo⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lo¹³/
Xiangtan /no¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lo⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lo¹¹/
Taoyuan /lo¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lɔ²¹/
Nanning /lɔ²¹/
Hong Kong /lɔ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lo³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lo⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lɔ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lo⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lo³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/la/
Li
Rong
/lɑ/
Wang
Li
/lɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lo4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luó
Middle
Chinese
‹ la ›
Old
Chinese
/*rˁaj/
English a kind of net (on a handle?) (Shuōwén: "bird net")

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8676
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːl/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. net for catching birds
  2. gauze
  3. gross (144)
  4. A surname​.
    /   ―  Luó Guànzhōng  ―  Luo Guanzhong (author of Romance of the Three Kingdoms)

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. lightweight fabric or clothing; silk gauze; thin silk
  2. (Abbreviation) Latin (language)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (ra

  1. lightweight fabric

AffixEdit

() (ra

  1. lightweight fabric
  2. Short for 羅甸 (the Latin language).
  3. (US) Short for 羅府 (Los Angeles (a city in California, United States)).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: la) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

PronunciationEdit

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 그물 (geumul ra), South Korea 그물 (geumul na))

  1. Hanja form? of / (net; fabric).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Old KoreanEdit

SuffixEdit

(*-la)

  1. a plain imperative verb-final suffix

DescendantsEdit

  • Middle Korean: 으〮라〮 (-úlá)/ᄋᆞ〮라〮 (-ólá)

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: la
: Nôm readings: la,

VerbEdit

()

  1. Nôm form of (to be).

ReferencesEdit