See also:
U+7F85, 羅
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-7F85

[U+7F84]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+7F86]
U+F90F, 羅
CJK COMPATIBILITY IDEOGRAPH-F90F

[U+F90E]
CJK Compatibility Ideographs
[U+F910]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 122, +14, 19 strokes, cangjie input 田中女火土 (WLVFG), four-corner 60914, composition )

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 950, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 28397
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1392, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 4, page 2928, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+7F85

Chinese edit

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shang Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Oracle bone script Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
     

Ideogrammic compound (會意会意): (net) + (bird (tied with string)) — net for catching birds.

Etymology 1 edit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms 𦋝
𦌴

Perhaps related to Tibetan དྲ (dra, net), རྒྱ (rgya, net; trap), Tangut 𗙲 (*rer², net) (Schuessler, 2007; Hill, 2014; Jacques, 2014).

Pronunciation edit



  • Dialectal data
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /luo³⁵/
Harbin /luo²⁴/
Tianjin /luo⁴⁵/
Jinan /luə⁴²/
Qingdao /luə⁴²/
Zhengzhou /luo⁴²/
Xi'an /luo²⁴/
Xining /lu²⁴/
Yinchuan /luə⁵³/
Lanzhou /luə⁵³/
Ürümqi /luɤ⁵¹/
Wuhan /nuo²¹³/
Chengdu /no³¹/
Guiyang /no²¹/
Kunming /lo³¹/
Nanjing /lo²⁴/
Hefei /lʊ⁵⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /lɤ¹¹/
Pingyao /lei¹³/
Hohhot /luɤ³¹/
Wu Shanghai /lu²³/
Suzhou /ləu¹³/
Hangzhou /lo²¹³/
Wenzhou /lɤu³¹/
Hui Shexian /lo⁴⁴/
Tunxi /lo⁴⁴/
Xiang Changsha /lo¹³/
Xiangtan /no¹²/
Gan Nanchang /lo⁴⁵/
Hakka Meixian /lo¹¹/
Taoyuan /lo¹¹/
Cantonese Guangzhou /lɔ²¹/
Nanning /lɔ²¹/
Hong Kong /lɔ²¹/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /lo³⁵/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /lo⁵³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /lɔ³³/
Shantou (Min Nan) /lo⁵⁵/
Haikou (Min Nan) /lo³¹/

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (37)
Final () (94)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () I
Fanqie
Baxter la
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/lɑ/
Pan
Wuyun
/lɑ/
Shao
Rongfen
/lɑ/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/la/
Li
Rong
/lɑ/
Wang
Li
/lɑ/
Bernard
Karlgren
/lɑ/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
luó
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
lo4
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
luó
Middle
Chinese
‹ la ›
Old
Chinese
/*rˁaj/
English a kind of net (on a handle?) (Shuōwén: "bird net")

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 8676
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
1
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*raːl/
Notes

Definitions edit

  1. net for catching birds
    地網地网  ―  tiānluódìwǎng  ―  escape-proof net
  2. sieve; sifter
  3. gauze
  4. to catch (birds) using a net
    門可门可  ―  ménkěluóquè  ―  to have few visitors (literally, “can use a net to catch sparrows at the gate”)
  5. to gather together; to collect
      ―  sōuluó  ―  to scout out
  6. to display; to spread out
      ―  luóliè  ―  to display; to enumerate
    棋布棋布  ―  xīngluóqíbù  ―  to be spread all over the place
  7. to sift
  8. a surname
      ―  Luó Guànzhōng  ―  Luo Guanzhong (author of Romance of the Three Kingdoms)
      ―  Luó Dàyòu  ―  Lo Ta-yu (Taiwanese singer and songwriter)
  9. Used in transcription.

Compounds edit

Etymology 2 edit

trad.
simp. *
alternative forms

From English gross.

Pronunciation edit


Definitions edit

  1. gross (144)

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. lightweight fabric or clothing; silk gauze; thin silk
  2. (Abbreviation) Latin (language)

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
on’yomi

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

() (ra

  1. lightweight fabric

Affix edit

() (ra

  1. lightweight fabric
  2. Short for 羅甸 (the Latin language).
  3. (US) Short for 羅府 (Los Angeles (a city in California, United States)).

References edit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. ^ 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC la). Recorded as Middle Korean (la) (Yale: la) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Pronunciation edit

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eumhun 그물 (geumul ra), South Korea 그물 (geumul na))

  1. Hanja form? of / (net; fabric).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [1]

Old Korean edit

Suffix edit

(*-la)

  1. a plain imperative verb-final suffix

Descendants edit

  • Middle Korean: 으〮라〮 (-úlá)/ᄋᆞ〮라〮 (-ólá)

Vietnamese edit

Alternative forms edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: la[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: la[1][2], [1][2], [1]

Verb edit

()

  1. Nôm form of (to be).

References edit