See also: and

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Stroke order
卜-order.gif

EtymologyEdit

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Bamboo and silk script Large seal script Small seal script
卜-oracle.svg 卜-bronze.svg 卜-silk.svg 卜-bigseal.svg 卜-seal.svg

Perhaps a pictogram of a crack in an oracle bone, used for divination in ancient China. The word itself (Old Chinese: *puk) may be onomatopoeic in origin.

Han characterEdit

(radical 25 +0, 2 strokes, cangjie input 卜 (Y), four-corner 23000, composition)

  1. fortune telling
  2. prophecy
  3. a surname

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 157, character 25
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 2774
  • Dae Jaweon: page 361, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 91, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+535C

ChineseEdit

Etymology 1Edit

simp. and trad.

PronunciationEdit


Dialectal pronunciations ()
Variety Location
Mandarin Beijing /pu²¹⁴/
Harbin /pʰu²¹³/
Tianjin /pʰu¹³/
Jinan /pu⁵⁵/
Qingdao /pu⁵⁵/
Zhengzhou /pu⁵³/
Xi'an /po²¹/
Xining /pv̩⁴⁴/
Yinchuan /puə¹³/
/pu¹³/ ~算子
Lanzhou /pə¹³/
Ürümqi /pʰu⁵¹/
Wuhan /pʰu²¹³/
Chengdu /pu¹³/
Guiyang /pʰu²¹/
Kunming /pʰu³¹/
Nanjing /puʔ⁵/
Hefei /pʰəʔ⁵/
Jin Taiyuan /pəʔ²/
Pingyao /pʌʔ¹³/
Hohhot /pəʔ⁴³/ ~拉
/pei⁵⁵/ 萝~
Wu Shanghai /poʔ⁵/
Suzhou /poʔ⁵/
Hangzhou /pʰoʔ⁵/
Wenzhou /po²¹³/
Hui Shexian /pɔʔ²¹/
Tunxi /pʰu⁵/
Xiang Changsha /pʰu²⁴/
Xiangtan /pʰu²⁴/
Gan Nanchang
Hakka Meixian /puk̚¹/
Taoyuan /puk̚²²/
Cantonese Guangzhou /pok̚⁵/
Nanning /pʰuk̚⁵⁵/
Hong Kong /puk̚⁵/
Min Xiamen (Min Nan) /pɔk̚³²/
/poʔ³²/
Fuzhou (Min Dong) /pɔuʔ²³/
Jian'ou (Min Bei) /pʰu²⁴/
Shantou (Min Nan) /pok̚²/
Haikou (Min Nan) /ʔbɔk̚⁵/
/ʔbak̚⁵/
Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: (1)
Final:
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie:
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/puk̚/ /puk̚/ /puk̚/ /puk̚/ /pəwk̚/ /puk̚/ /puk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ puwk › /*pˤok/ divine (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
998 0 /*poːɡ/

VerbEdit

  1. (literary) to divine

ReferencesEdit

Etymology 2Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Etymology 3Edit

For pronunciation and definitions of – see .
(This character, , is a variant form of .)

JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

ReadingsEdit

NounEdit

‎(hiragana うらない, romaji uranai)

  1. Alternative form of 占い

‎(hiragana ぼく, romaji boku)

  1. (archaic) fortune-telling

‎(hiragana うら, romaji ura)

  1. (archaic) fortune-telling

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

‎(bok) (hangeul , revised bok, McCune-Reischauer pok, Yale pok)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

ReadingsEdit

VerbEdit

  1. ăn bốc (咹卜, to eat with the fingers)

ReferencesEdit

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