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U+8D66, 赦
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8D66

[U+8D65]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8D67]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 155, +4, 11 strokes, cangjie input 土金人大 (GCOK), four-corner 48340, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1213, character 29
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 36999
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1681, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 5, page 3507, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+8D66

ChineseEdit

simp. and trad.
variant forms 𢼜
𢽀

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*sqraː
*qʰraːɡs, *qʰraːɡ
*hljaɡs
*qʰljaɡ, *kʰljaɡ, *hljaɡ
*qʰraːɡ
*qʰraːɡ
*kʰljaɡ
*kʰljaɡ
*qʰjaːɡ
*qʰleːɡ
*qʰʷreːɡ
*qʰʷreːɡ

In the bronze script, it was written as 𢼜, a phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljaɡs): phonetic  (OC *laːɡ) + semantic  (hand holding a stick). In later scripts, the phonetic component was replaced with (OC *kʰljaɡ).

EtymologyEdit

Exoactive (causative) of (OC *hljaɡ, “to unloose; to release”) (Schuessler, 2007). Also related to (OC *hljaːʔ, “to let off”) (Wang, 1982), of which there exists a derived reading (OC *hljaːs, “to let off; to liberate”) that formed a variant relationship with (OC *hljaɡs), despite not having the same pronunciation in Old Chinese (*-aːs vs *-ags).

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (100)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕiaH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕiaH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiaH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕiaH/
Li
Rong
/ɕiaH/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭaH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi̯aH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shè
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shè
Middle
Chinese
‹ syaeH ›
Old
Chinese
/*[l̥]Ak-s/
English to pardon

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 1472
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljaɡs/
Notes

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to pardon; to forgive
  2. A surname​.

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

ReadingsEdit

  • On (unclassified): しゃ (sha, Jōyō)
  • Kun: ゆるす (yurusu, 赦す)

KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(sa) (hangeul , revised sa, McCune–Reischauer sa, Yale sa)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit