Alternation (due to give) of Middle English foryiven, forȝiven, from Old English forġiefan (“to forgive, give up, provide”), from Proto-Germanic *fragebaną (“to give away; give up; release; forgive”), equivalent to for- + give (etymologically for- + yive). Cognate with Scots forgeve, forgif, forgie (“to forgive”), West Frisian ferjaan (“to forgive”), Dutch vergeven (“to forgive”), German vergeben (“to forgive”), Icelandic fyrirgefa (“to forgive”).
- enPR: fər-gĭv', fôr-gĭv', IPA(key): /fə(ɹ)ˈɡɪv/, /fɔː(ɹ)ˈɡɪv/
- (General American) IPA(key): /fɚˈɡɪv/
Audio (US, California) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɪv
- (transitive) To pardon; to waive any negative feeling or desire for punishment, retribution, or compensation.
- Please forgive me if my phone goes off - I'm expecting an urgent call from my boss.
- Forgive others, not because they deserve forgiveness, but because you deserve peace.
- Forgive a debt, that is, tell a debtor that s/he does not need to pay back a loan.
- (intransitive) To accord forgiveness.
- Only the brave know how to forgive...A coward never forgave; it is not in his nature. - (Can we date this quote by Laurence Sterne and provide title, author’s full name, and other details?)