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U+947D, 鑽
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-947D

[U+947C]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+947E]

Contents

TranslingualEdit

Traditional
Shinjitai
(extended)
Simplified

Han characterEdit

(radical 167 +19, 27 strokes, cangjie input 金竹山金 (CHUC), four-corner 84186, composition)

ReferencesEdit

  • KangXi: page 1327, character 27
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 41082
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1828, character 31
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 6, page 4276, character 7
  • Unihan data for U+947D

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp. *
alt. forms

Glyph originEdit

Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns, *zaːnʔ
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns, *zoːn
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns
*ʔsaːns, *ʔsoːnʔ
*zaːnʔ
*zaːnʔ, *zoːn
*zaːns, *zoːn
*zaːns, *zaːd
*ʔsoːn, *ʔsoːns
*ʔsoːn, *zoːn
*ʔsoːnʔ
*ʔsoːnʔ
*ʔsoːnʔ
*ʔsoːnʔ, *zoːn
*ʔsoːnʔ
*zoːn
*zoːns

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *ʔsoːn, *ʔsoːns): semantic  + phonetic  (OC *ʔsaːns).

Pronunciation 1Edit


Note:
  • choàn - literary;
  • chǹg/chuìⁿ - vernacular.

Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suɑn/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʷɑn/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suɑn/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡swan/
Li
Rong
/t͡suɑn/
Wang
Li
/t͡suɑn/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suɑn/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuān
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
zuān
Middle
Chinese
‹ tswan ›
Old
Chinese
/*[ts]ˤor/
English perforate, penetrate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2
No. 16527
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoːn/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. to drill; to bore
  2. to study intensively
  3. to go deep into or go through; to get into; to break through; to pierce
  4. to secure personal gain

CompoundsEdit

Pronunciation 2Edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 2/2
Initial () (13)
Final () (62)
Tone (調) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Closed
Division () I
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/t͡suɑnH/
Pan
Wuyun
/t͡sʷɑnH/
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡suɑnH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/t͡swanH/
Li
Rong
/t͡suɑnH/
Wang
Li
/t͡suɑnH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/t͡suɑnH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
zuàn
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 2/2
No. 16535
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
3
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ʔsoːns/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. drill; auger (tool)
  2. diamond

CompoundsEdit


JapaneseEdit

Shinjitai

Kyūjitai

KanjiEdit

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. to start a fire (by friction)

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Usage notesEdit

An extended shinjitai character, (U+945A) is available for this character.


KoreanEdit

HanjaEdit

(chan) (hangeul )

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

(toản, xoảng, xoàn)

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.