See also: 硏究

Contents

ChineseEdit

grind fine; study; research after all; to investigate; to study carefully
simp. and trad.
(研究)
 
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PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1 1/1
Initial () (31) (28)
Final () (85) (136)
Tone (調) Departing (H) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () IV III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ŋenH/ /kɨuH/
Pan
Wuyun
/ŋenH/ /kiuH/
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɛnH/ /kiəuH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ŋɛnH/ /kuwH/
Li
Rong
/ŋenH/ /kiuH/
Wang
Li
/ŋienH/ /kĭəuH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ŋienH/ /ki̯ə̯uH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
yàn jiù

VerbEdit

研究

  1. to research; to study
    科學研究 / 科学研究  ―  kēxué yánjiū  ―  scientific research
    研究對象 / 研究对象  ―  yánjiū duìxiàng  ―  research subject
  2. to deliberate; to discuss; to investigate
    這個問題有待研究 [MSC, trad.]
    这个问题有待研究 [MSC, simp.]
    Zhège wèntí yǒudài yánjiū. [Pinyin]
    This problem requires discussion.

NounEdit

研究

  1. (countable) research; study; investigation (Classifier: m)
  2. (uncountable) research; study; investigation; deliberation; discussion

See alsoEdit

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic (研究):

JapaneseEdit

Kanji in this term
けん
Grade: 3
きゅう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese 研究 (ngen *kiuH?). Compare modern Hakka ngiên-kiu, Min Dong ngiĕng-géu, Min Nan gián-kiù.

The original on'yomi for the first character was gen, more closely matching the Chinese origins. For reasons unknown, the reading shifted from gen to a kan'yō yomi of ken.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

研究 (hiragana けんきゅう, romaji kenkyū)

  1. a piece of research, a study, investigation
    • 1928, 寺田寅彦, 雑感:
      間違 (まちが)える (こと)なしには研究 (けんきゅう) (すす)められない。
      Machigaeru koto nashi ni wa kenkyū wa susumerarenai.
      Research cannot advance without mistakes along the way.

CompoundsEdit

VerbEdit

研究する (hiragana けんきゅうする, romaji kenkyū suru)

  1. to research, to study
    • 1931, 宮本百合子, 五ヵ年計画とソヴェトの芸術:
      これらの作品 (さくひん)研究 (けんきゅう)された。
      Korera no sakuhin ga kenkyū sareta.
      These works have been studied.

ConjugationEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  • 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakukan, ISBN 4095102535.

KoreanEdit

Hanja in this term

NounEdit

研究 (yeon-gu) (hangeul 연구)

  1. Alternative form of 硏究

VietnameseEdit

Hán tự in this word

VerbEdit

研究

  1. Hán tự form of nghiên cứu, “to research