U+C2DC, 시
HANGUL SYLLABLE SI
Composition: +
Dubeolsik input:t-l

[U+C2DB]
Hangul Syllables
[U+C2DD]




싀 ←→ 싸

KoreanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle Korean (-si), from Old Korean (*-si).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?si
Revised Romanization (translit.)?si
McCune–Reischauer?si
Yale Romanization?si

SuffixEdit

—(으)시 (-(eu)si)

  1. honorific suffix applied to verbs and adjectives, denoting that the subject is honored
    , 운동 언제 ?
    Yaeya, hyeongnimeun undong'eul eonje hasinya?
    Child, when does your [honorable] older brother do his exercises?
    정말 예쁘네요.
    Soni jeongmal yeppeusineyo.
    Your [honorable] hand is truly pretty.
    선생님께서 여기 .
    Seonsaengnimkkeseo yeogiro osinda.
    The [honorable] teacher is coming here.
  2. (proscribed) honorific suffix applied to verbs and adjectives, denoting that the addressee is honored
    , 열리겠습니다.
    Sonnim, muni yeollisigetseumnida.
    [Honorable] sir, the door is about to open.
Usage notesEdit

The suffix (-si) expresses that the speaker is honoring the subject of the verb or adjective (Korean adjectives behave largely identically to verbs and take subjects). The honored subject can be a person of greater social status than the speaker, as in the first example; an object belonging to such a person which becomes honored by virtue of its possessor, as in the second example; or a person of greater social status than the addressee of the conversation with the speaker speaking from the social perspective of the addressee, as in the third example.

In the colloquial language, (-si) is also used to honor the addressee in a conversation to a level greater than that allowed by the 습니다 (-sumnida) suffix alone. Despite the fact that this is attested since as early as Middle Korean, this form is still generally considered prescriptively wrong, although it remains widespread and may eventually be accepted as standard.

See alsoEdit
  • (nim), the honorific suffix for many nouns

Etymology 2Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading 시〯 (Yale: ), from Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʑɨX).

PronunciationEdit

  • (SK Standard/Seoul) IPA(key): [ɕʰi(ː)]
  • Phonetic hangul: [(ː)]
    • Though still prescriptive in Standard Korean, the great majority of speakers (in both Koreas) no longer distinguish vowel length.
Romanizations
Revised Romanization?si
Revised Romanization (translit.)?si
McCune–Reischauer?si
Yale Romanization?

NounEdit

(si) (hanja )

  1. town, city
    의회 문제 주민 투표 거쳐야 사안이라고 결정하였다.
    Si uihoeneun geu munjega jumin tupyoreul geochyeoya hal saanirago gyeoljeonghayeotda.
    The city council decided the matter should go to public vote.
  2. (South Korea, government) an administrative region, a division of a province having a population of over 150,000
    (Administrative divisions of South Korea) 리(里) (ri), 동(洞) (dong), 면(面) (myeon), 읍(邑) (eup), 구(區) (gu), 군(郡) (gun), 시(市) (si), 도(道) (do)
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 3Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: ), from Middle Chinese (MC ɕɨ).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?si
Revised Romanization (translit.)?si
McCune–Reischauer?si
Yale Romanization?si

NounEdit

(si) (hanja )

  1. poem, poetry
    읊다sireul eupdato recite poetry
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 4Edit

Sino-Korean word from , from the Middle Korean reading (Yale: ), from Middle Chinese (MC d͡ʑɨ).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?si
Revised Romanization (translit.)?si
McCune–Reischauer?si
Yale Romanization?si

Dependent nounEdit

(si) (hanja )

  1. hour (time)
  2. time
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 5Edit

Sino-Korean word from . Compare Japanese () (-shi, treating as; viewing as).

PronunciationEdit

Romanizations
Revised Romanization?si
Revised Romanization (translit.)?si
McCune–Reischauer?si
Yale Romanization?si

SuffixEdit

—시 (-si) (hanja )

  1. treating as; viewing as
    적대 (敵對)jeokdaesitreating with hostility
    금기 (禁忌)geumgisiviewing as a taboo
    문제 (問題)munjesiviewing as a problem
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 6Edit

Korean reading of various Chinese characters.

SyllableEdit

(si)

Extended content
  1. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨX))
  2. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɡiᴇ, ʑiɪH))
  3. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇX))
  4. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨ))
  5. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨ))
  6. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiᴇ, ɕiᴇH))
  7. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨH))
  8. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕɨX))
  9. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕˠiɪX))
  10. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑɨH))
  11. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiɪX, d͡ʑiɪH))
  12. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʒˠɛ))
  13. :
    (MC reading: (MC d͡ʑiᴇ))
  14. :
    (MC reading: )
  15. :
    (MC reading: (MC ɕiɪ, ɕiɪH))