U+65BD, 施
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-65BD

[U+65BC]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+65BE]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 70, +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 卜尸人心木 (YSOPD), four-corner 08212, composition 𭤨)

Derived characters edit

References edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 482, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13629
  • Dae Jaweon: page 843, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 3, page 2176, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+65BD

Chinese edit

trad.
simp. #
alternative forms
 
Wikipedia has articles on:

Glyph origin edit

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *hljal, *hljals): semantic + phonetic (OC *laːlʔ).

Pronunciation 1 edit


Note:
  • si - literary (incl. surname);
  • soa - vernacular.
  • Wu
  • Xiang

    • Dialectal data
    Variety Location
    Mandarin Beijing /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Harbin /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/ 设~
    /ʂʐ̩²⁴/ ~工
    Tianjin /sz̩²¹/
    Jinan /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Qingdao /ʂʐ̩⁵⁵/
    Zhengzhou /ʂʐ̩²⁴/
    Xi'an /sz̩²¹/
    Xining /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Yinchuan /ʂʐ̩¹³/
    Lanzhou /ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Ürümqi /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Wuhan /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Chengdu /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Guiyang /sz̩⁵⁵/
    Kunming /ʂʐ̩⁴⁴/
    Nanjing /ʂʐ̩³¹/
    Hefei /ʂʐ̩²¹/
    Jin Taiyuan /sz̩¹¹/
    Pingyao /sz̩¹³/
    Hohhot /sz̩³¹/
    Wu Shanghai /sz̩⁵³/
    Suzhou /sz̩ʷ⁵⁵/
    Hangzhou /sz̩³³/
    Wenzhou /sz̩³³/
    Hui Shexian /sz̩³¹/
    Tunxi /sz̩¹¹/
    Xiang Changsha /ʂʐ̩³³/
    Xiangtan /ʂʐ̩³³/
    Gan Nanchang /sz̩⁴²/
    Hakka Meixian /sz̩⁴⁴/
    Taoyuan /sï²⁴/
    Cantonese Guangzhou /si⁵³/
    Nanning /si⁵⁵/
    Hong Kong /si⁵⁵/
    Min Xiamen (Hokkien) /si⁵⁵/
    Fuzhou (Min Dong) /sie⁴⁴/
    Jian'ou (Min Bei) /si⁵⁴/
    Shantou (Min Nan) /si³³/
    Haikou (Hainanese) /ti²³/

    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (11)
    Tone (調) Level (Ø)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter sye
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇ/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛ/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjɛ/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiə̆/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕie/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕǐe/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕie̯/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shī
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    si1
    BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
    Character
    Reading # 1/1
    Modern
    Beijing
    (Pinyin)
    shī
    Middle
    Chinese
    ‹ sye ›
    Old
    Chinese
    /*l̥aj/
    English give, bestow

    Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

    * Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
    * Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
    * Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
    * Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

    * Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 1/2
    No. 14783
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljal/

    Definitions edit

    1. (ideophonic) flag fluttering; flag waving
    2. flag ornament
    3. to give; to render
    4. to spread (something)
    5. to set up; to put in place; to establish
    6. to use; to utilise
    7. to put into force; to implement
    8. to apply; to add
    9. to teach; to instruct
    10. to convict; to judge
    11. to display a corpse
    12. to reproduce
    13. Meaningless particle.
    14. a surname: Shi
        ―  Shī Nài'ān  ―  Shi Nai'an (author of Water Margin)
    Synonyms edit
    • (to give):
    • (to implement):
    • (to add):

    Descendants edit

    Compounds edit

    Also includes Pronunciation 2

    Pronunciation 2 edit



    Rime
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    Initial () (26)
    Final () (11)
    Tone (調) Departing (H)
    Openness (開合) Open
    Division () III
    Fanqie
    Baxter syeH
    Reconstructions
    Zhengzhang
    Shangfang
    /ɕiᴇH/
    Pan
    Wuyun
    /ɕiɛH/
    Shao
    Rongfen
    /ɕjɛH/
    Edwin
    Pulleyblank
    /ɕiə̆H/
    Li
    Rong
    /ɕieH/
    Wang
    Li
    /ɕǐeH/
    Bernard
    Karlgren
    /ɕie̯H/
    Expected
    Mandarin
    Reflex
    shì
    Expected
    Cantonese
    Reflex
    si3
    Zhengzhang system (2003)
    Character
    Reading # 2/2
    No. 14789
    Phonetic
    component
    Rime
    group
    Rime
    subdivision
    1
    Corresponding
    MC rime
    Old
    Chinese
    /*hljals/

    Definitions edit

    1. kindness; favour
    2. to disperse; to become spread
    3. to grant; to bestow; to give

    Pronunciation 3 edit


    Definitions edit

    1. to extend to; to reach
    2. Alternative form of (, to change)

    Pronunciation 4 edit


    Definitions edit

    1. Alternative form of (to cast away; to relieve)
    2. Alternative form of (chǐ, to boast)

    Pronunciation 5 edit

    Definitions edit

    1. Alternative form of (awry)
    2. Used in 施施 (yíyí, “walking in a crooked way”).

    References edit

    Japanese edit

    Kanji edit

    (common “Jōyō” kanji)

    1. give
    2. bestow
    3. perform
    4. alms

    Readings edit

    Korean edit

    Etymology 1 edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun 베풀 (bepul si))

    1. to give (to help, to benefit)
    2. conduct

    Etymology 2 edit

    Hanja edit

    (eumhun 옮길 (omgil i))

    1. widespread; breed
    2. reveal
    3. boast; exaggerate

    Vietnamese edit

    Han character edit

    : Hán Nôm readings: thí

    1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.