See also:
U+8A69, 詩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A69

[U+8A68]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A6A]

Translingual edit

Han character edit

(Kangxi radical 149, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口土木戈 (YRGDI), four-corner 04641, composition )

Derived characters edit

Related characters edit

Further reading edit

  • Kangxi Dictionary: page 1157, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35427
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1622, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3961, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A69

Chinese edit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𧥳

Glyph origin edit

Historical forms of the character
Shuowen Jiezi (compiled in Han) Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Small seal script Transcribed ancient scripts
   

Phono-semantic compound (形聲形声, OC *hljɯ) : semantic (speech) + phonetic (OC *ljɯs) – poetry is a form of language, speech.

Pronunciation edit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Baxter syi
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiə/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
Expected
Cantonese
Reflex
si1
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shī
Middle
Chinese
‹ syi ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.tə/
English poetry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12052
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯ/

Definitions edit

  1. poem; verse; ode; poetry (Classifier: m c h)
  2. Short for 詩經诗经 (Shījīng, “Classic of Poetry”).

Compounds edit

Descendants edit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (shi)
  • Korean: 시(詩) (si)
  • Vietnamese: thi ()

References edit

Japanese edit

Kanji edit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. poetry, poem
  2. (archaic) Chinese-style poetry
  3. modern Japanese poetry

Readings edit

Compounds edit

Etymology 1 edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC syi).

Pronunciation edit

Noun edit

() (shi

  1. poem
  2. verse of poetry
  3. (poetry) Chinese poetry
  4. Short for 詩経 (Shijing, the Book of Odes).
Derived terms edit

Etymology 2 edit

Kanji in this term
うた
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
うた2
[noun] (music) a song
[noun] (poetry) poetry
Alternative spellings
,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

References edit

  1. ^ Matsumura, Akira, editor (2006) 大辞林 [Daijirin] (in Japanese), Third edition, Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

Korean edit

Etymology edit

From Middle Chinese (MC syi). Recorded as Middle Korean (si) (Yale: si) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

Hanja edit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eum (si))

  1. Hanja form? of (poetry; poem).
  2. Hanja form? of (verse).

Compounds edit

References edit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

Vietnamese edit

Han character edit

: Hán Việt readings: thi ((thân)(chi)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: thơ[1][2][3][6][4][5][7], thi[1][2][4][7]

  1. chữ Hán form of thi (poetry; poem).
  2. Nôm form of thơ (poetry; poem; verse).

Compounds edit

References edit