See also:
U+8A69, 詩
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-8A69

[U+8A68]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+8A6A]

TranslingualEdit

Han characterEdit

(radical 149, +6, 13 strokes, cangjie input 卜口土木戈 (YRGDI), four-corner 04641, composition)

Derived charactersEdit

Related charactersEdit

Further readingEdit

  • KangXi: page 1157, character 15
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 35427
  • Dae Jaweon: page 1622, character 16
  • Hanyu Da Zidian (first edition): volume 6, page 3961, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+8A69

ChineseEdit

trad.
simp.
alternative forms 𧥳

Glyph originEdit

Historical forms of the character
Liushutong (compiled in Ming)
Transcribed ancient scripts
 

Phono-semantic compound (形聲, OC *hljɯ): semantic (speech) + phonetic (OC *ljɯs) – poetry is a form of language, speech.

PronunciationEdit



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/1
Initial () (26)
Final () (19)
Tone (調) Level (Ø)
Openness (開合) Open
Division () III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/ɕɨ/
Pan
Wuyun
/ɕɨ/
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕie/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/ɕɨ/
Li
Rong
/ɕiə/
Wang
Li
/ɕĭə/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ɕi/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
shī
BaxterSagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
shī
Middle
Chinese
‹ syi ›
Old
Chinese
/*s.tə/
English poetry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter–Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/1
No. 12052
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*hljɯ/

DefinitionsEdit

  1. poem; verse; ode; poetry (Classifier: m)
  2. Short for 詩經诗经 (Shījīng, “Classic of Poetry”).

CompoundsEdit

DescendantsEdit

Sino-Xenic ():
  • Japanese: () (shi)
  • Korean: (, si)
  • Vietnamese: thi ()

ReferencesEdit


JapaneseEdit

KanjiEdit

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. poetry, poem
  2. (archaic) Chinese-style poetry
  3. modern Japanese poetry

ReadingsEdit

CompoundsEdit

Etymology 1Edit

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
on’yomi

From Middle Chinese (MC ɕɨ).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

() (shi

  1. poem
  2. verse of poetry
  3. (poetry) Chinese poetry
  4. Short for 詩経 (Shijing, the Book of Odes).
Derived termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

Kanji in this term
うた
Grade: 3
kun’yomi
For pronunciation and definitions of – see the following entry.
うた2
[noun] (music) a song
[noun] (poetry) poetry
Alternative spellings
, ,
(This term, , is an alternative spelling of the above term.)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN

KoreanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Chinese (MC ɕɨ). Recorded as Middle Korean  (Yale: si) in Hunmong Jahoe (訓蒙字會 / 훈몽자회), 1527.

HanjaEdit

Korean Wikisource has texts containing the hanja:

Wikisource

(eum (si))

  1. Hanja form? of (poetry; poem).
  2. Hanja form? of (verse).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • 국제퇴계학회 대구경북지부 (國際退溪學會 大邱慶北支部) (2007). Digital Hanja Dictionary, 전자사전/電子字典. [2]

VietnameseEdit

Han characterEdit

: Hán Việt readings: thi ((thân)(chi)(thiết))[1][2][3][4][5]
: Nôm readings: thơ[1][2][3][6][4][5][7], thi[1][2][4][7]

  1. Hán tự form of thi (poetry; poem).
  2. Nôm form of thơ (poetry; poem; verse).

CompoundsEdit

ReferencesEdit